Hourly meteorological forcing & land surface state dataset of Tibet Plateau with 10 km spatial resolution (2000-2010)

The near surface atmospheric forcing and surface state dataset of the Tibetan Plateau was yielded by WRF model, time range: 2000-2010, space range: 25-40 °N, 75-105 °E, time resolution: hourly, space resolution: 10 km, grid number: 150 * 300. There are 33 variables in total, including 11 near surface atmospheric variables: temperature at 2m height on the ground, specific humidity at 2m height on the ground, surface pressure, latitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, longitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, proportion of solid precipitation, cumulative cumulus convective precipitation, cumulative grid precipitation, downward shortwave radiation flux at the surface, downward length at the surface Wave radiation flux, cumulative potential evaporation. There are 19 surface state variables: soil temperature in each layer, soil moisture in each layer, liquid water content in each layer, heat flux of snow phase change, soil bottom temperature, surface runoff, underground runoff, vegetation proportion, surface heat flux, snow water equivalent, actual snow thickness, snow density, water in the canopy, surface temperature, albedo, background albedo, lower boundary Soil temperature, upward heat flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface and upward water flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface. There are three other variables: longitude, latitude and planetary boundary layer height.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Guazhou Station, 2020)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Guazhou Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (95.673E, 41.405N) was located on a desert in the Liuyuan Guazhou, which is near Jiuquan city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 2014 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 48 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and 48 m, towards north), air pressure (1.5 m), rain gauge (4 m), infrared temperature sensors (4 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m, towards south), soil heat flux (-0.05 m and -0.1m in south of tower), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile -0.05, -0.1m, -0.2m, -0.4m, -0.6m and -0.8m in south of tower), four-component radiometer (4 m, towards south), sunshine duration sensor(4 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_2_1, Ta_1_4_1, Ta_1_8_1, Ta_1_16_1, Ta_1_32_1 and Ta_1_48_1; RH_2 m, RH_1_2_1, RH_1_4_1, RH_1_8_1, RH_1_16_1, RH_1_32_1, and RH_1_48_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_2_1, WS_1_4_1, WS_1_8_1, WS_1_16_1, WS_1_32_1 and WS_1_48_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_2_1, WD_1_4_1, WD_1_8_1, WD_1_16_1, WD_1_32_1 and WD_1_48_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing longwave radiation; RN_1_4_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1) (μmol/ (s m^2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1, SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_5_1, TS_1_10_1, TS_1_20_1, TS_1_40_1, TS_1_60_1 and TS_1_80_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_5_1, SWC_1_10_1, SWC_1_20_1, SWC_1_40_1, SWC_1_60_1 and SWC_1_80_1) (%, volumetric water content),soil water potential (SWP_1_5_1, SWP_1_10_1, SWP_1_20_1, SWP_1_40_1, SWP_1_60_1 and SWP_1_80_1)(kpa), soil conductivity (EC_1_5_1, EC_1_10_1, EC_1_20_1, EC_1_40_1, EC_1_60_1 and EC_1_80_1)(μs/cm), Sun_time_1_4_1 (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-6-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Dunhuang Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Dunhuang Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (93.709° E, 40.348° N) was located on a wetland in the Dunhuang west lake, Gansu Province. The elevation is 994 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (4m and 8 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 4m and 8 m, towards north), air pressure (1 m), rain gauge (4 m), infrared temperature sensors (4 m, towards south, vertically downward), soil heat flux (-0.05 and -0.1m ), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile (below the vegetation in the south of tower, -0.05 and -0.2 m), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m, towards south), four-component radiometer (4 m, towards south), sunshine duration sensor(4 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_4_1, Ta_1_8_1; RH_1_4_1, RH_1_8_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_4_1, WS_1_8_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_4_1, WD_1_8_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing longwave radiation; RN_1_4_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1) (μmol/ (s m-2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1、SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_5_1、TS_1_20_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_5_1、SWC_1_20_1) (%, volumetric water content), soil conductivity (SWC_1_5_1、SWC_1_20_1)(μs/cm), sun time(Sun_time_1_4_1). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-6-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Xiyinghe Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Xiyinghe Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (101.853E, 37.561N) was located in Wuwei, Gansu Province. The elevation is 3614m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (2, 4, and 8 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 2, 4, and 8 m, towards north), air pressure (1.5 m), rain gauge (4 m), four-component radiometer (4 m, towards south), infrared temperature sensors (4 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m, towards south), soil heat flux (-0.05 m and -0.1m in south of tower), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile (-0.05, -0.2 and -0.4 m in south of tower), sunshine duration sensor (4 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_2_1, Ta_1_4_1, and Ta_1_8_1; RH_1_2_1, RH_1_4_1and RH_1_8_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_2_1, WS_1_4_1 and WS_1_8_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_2_1, WD_1_4_1 and WD_1_8_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1 outgoing longwave radiation; Rn_1_4_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1) (μmol/ (s/m^2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1, SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_5_1, TS_1_20_1 and TS_1_40_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_5_1, SWC_1_20_1 and SWC_1_40_1) (%, volumetric water content), soil water potential (SWP_1_5_1, SWP_1_20_1 and SWP_1_40_1)(kpa) , soil conductivity (EC_1_5_1, EC_1_20_1 and EC_1_40_1)(μs/cm), Sun_time_1_4_1 (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. The air pressure data were rejected because of program error; (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-6-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Suganhu Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Suganhu Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (94.125° E, 38.992° N) was located on a wetland in the Suganhu west lake, Gansu Province. The elevation is 2823 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (4m and 8m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 4m and 8m, towards north), air pressure (1m), rain gauge (4m), infrared temperature sensors (4 m, towards south, vertically downward), soil heat flux (-0.05 and -0.1m ), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile (below the vegetation in the south of tower, -0.1, -0.2 and -0.4m), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m, towards south), four-component radiometer (4 m, towards south), sunshine duration sensor(4 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_4_1, Ta_1_8_1; RH_1_4_1, RH_1_8_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_4_1, WS_1_8_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_4_1, WD_1_8_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1 outgoing longwave radiation; RN_1_4_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1) (μmol/ (s m-2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1, SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_10_1, TS_1_20_1, TS_1_40_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_10_1, SWC_1_20_1, SWC_1_40_1) (%, volumetric water content), soil conductivity (EC_1_10_1, EC_1_20_1, EC_1_40_1)(μs/cm), Sun_time_1_4_1 (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-6-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Sidalong Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Sidalong Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (99.926°E, 38.428°N) was located on a forest in the Kangle Sunan, which is near Zhangye city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 3146 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (1, 2, 13, 24, and 48 m), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 1, 2, 13, 24, and 48 m), air pressure (1.5 m), rain gauge (24 m), infrared temperature sensors (4 m and 30m, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m and 30m), soil heat flux (-0.05 m and -0.1m), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile -0.05, -0.1m, -0.2m, -0.4m and -0.6mr), four-component radiometer (30 m, towards south), sunshine duration sensor(30 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_1_1, Ta_1_2_1, Ta_1_13_1, Ta_1_24_1 and Ta_1_48_1; RH_1_1_1, RH_1_2_1, RH_1_13_1, RH_1_24_1 and RH_1_48_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_1_1, WS_1_2_1, WS_1_13_1, WS_1_24_1, and WS_1_48_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_1_1, WD_1_2_1, WD_1_13_1, WD_1_24_1, and WD_1_48_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_24_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_30_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_30_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_30_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_30_1, outgoing longwave radiation; RN_1_30_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1, TC_1_30_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1, PPFD_1_30_1) (μmol/ (s m^2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1, SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_5_1, TS_1_10_1, TS_1_20_1, TS_1_40_1 and TS_1_60_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_5_1, SWC_1_10_1, SWC_1_20_1, SWC_1_40_1 and SWC_1_60_1) (%, volumetric water content),soil water potential (SWP_1_5_1, SWP_1_10_1, SWP_1_20_1, SWP_1_40_1 and SWP_1_60_1)(kpa), soil conductivity (EC_1_5_1, EC_1_10_1, EC_1_20_1, EC_1_40_1 and EC_1_60_1)(μs/cm), Sun_time_1_30_1 (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-6-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Minqin Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Minqin Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (103.668E, 39.208N) was located in Minqin, Gansu Province. The elevation is 1020 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (4 and 8 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 4, and 8 m, towards north), air pressure (1.5 m), rain gauge (4 m), four-component radiometer (4 m, towards south), infrared temperature sensors (4 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m, towards south), soil heat flux (-0.05 m and -0.1m in south of tower), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile (-0.1 and -0.2 m in south of tower), sunshine duration sensor (4 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_4_1, Ta_1_8_1; RH_1_4_1, RH_1_8_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_4_1, WS_1_8_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_4_1, WD_1_8_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn_1_4_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1) (μmol/ (s/m^2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1, SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_10_1, TS_1_20_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_10_1, SWC_1_10_1) (%, volumetric water content), soil water potential (SWP_1_10_1 , SWP_1_20_1)(kpa) , soil conductivity (EC_1_10_1, EC_1_20_1) (μs/cm), Sun_time_1_4_1 (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-6-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Linze Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Linze Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (100.062° E, 39.238° N) was located on a cropland (maize surface) in the Guzhai Xinghua, which is near Zhangye city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 1402 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (4 and 8 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 4 and 8 m, towards north), air pressure (1 m), rain gauge (4 m), four-component radiometer (4 m, towards south), infrared temperature sensors (4 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (4 m, towards south), soil heat flux (2 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.05 and -0.1m in south of tower), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile (-0.05 and -0.2m), sunshine duration sensor (4 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_4_1, Ta_1_8_1; RH_1_4_1, RH_1_8_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_4_1, WS_1_8_1) (m/s), wind direction (WS_1_4_1, WS_1_8_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1 outgoing long wave radiation; RN_1_4_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1) (μmol/ (s m-2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1, SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_5_1, TS_1_20_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_5_1, SWC_1_20_1) (%, volumetric water content), soil water potential(SWP_1_5_1, SWP_1_20_1), soil conductivity (EC_1_5_1, EC_1_20_1) (μs/cm), Sun_time_1_4_1 (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Liancheng Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Liancheng Station from January 4 to December 31, 2021. The site (102.737E, 36.692N) was located on a forest in the Tulugou national forest park, which is near Liancheng city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 2903 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (4 and 8 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 4 and 8 m, towards north), air pressure (1.5 m), rain gauge (2 m), four-component radiometer (4m, towards south), infrared temperature sensors (4m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (4m, towards south), soil heat flux (2 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.05 and -0.1m in south of tower), soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity profile (below the vegetation;-0.05 and -0.1m in south of tower), sunshine duration sensor(4 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_4_1 and Ta_1_8_1; RH_1_4_1 and RH_1_8_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_4_1 and WS_1_8_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_4_1 and WD_1_8_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn_1_4_1, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (TC_1_4_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_1_1) (μmol/ (s m-2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1, SHF_1_10_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_5_1, TS_1_10_1) (℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_5_1, SWC_1_10_1) (%, volumetric water content), soil water potential (SWP_1_5_1, SWP_1_10_1)(kpa), soil conductivity (EC_1_5_1, EC_1_10_1)(μs/cm), Sun_time_1_4_1 (h). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. 2021.6.13-3021.9.8, the data is missing because the wire is bitten off. 8m wind speed and direction sensor failure; 5 and 10cm soil temperature/ moisture/ electrical conductivity sensor failure; 5 and 10cm soil water potential sensor failure; 4m infrared temperature sensor failure. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-8-20 10:30.

0 2022-05-17

Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Dayekou Station, 2021)

This dataset includes data recorded by Cold and Arid Research Network of Lanzhou university obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Dayekou Station from January 1 to December 31, 2021. The site (100.286° E, 38.556° N) was located on a glassland in the Dayekou, which is near Zhangye city, Gansu Province. The elevation is 2694 m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (8 m), air pressure (2 m), rain gauge (2 m), infrared temperature sensors (2 m, towards south, vertically downward), soil heat flux (below the vegetation, -0.05 m; towards south), soil temperature/moisture/electrical conductivity profile (-0.05m) photosynthetically active radiation (2 m, towards south), four-component radiometer (2 m, towards south), sunshine duration sensor(2 m, towards south). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_1_8_1; RH_1_8_1) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (WS_1_8_1) (m/s), wind direction (WD_1_8_1) (°), air pressure (PA_1_1_1) (hpa), precipitation (P_1_4_1) (mm), four-component radiation (SWIN_1_4_1, incoming shortwave radiation; SWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing shortwave radiation; LWIN_1_4_1, incoming longwave radiation; LWOUT_1_4_1, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PPFD_1_4_1) (μmol/ (s m^2)), soil heat flux (SHF_1_5_1) (W/m^2), soil temperature (TS_1_20_1)(℃), soil moisture (SWC_1_20_1)(%, volumetric water content), soil water potential (SWP_1_20_1)(kpa), soil conductivity (EC_1_20_1)(μs/cm). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. Missing or abnormal data is replaced by – 6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2021-6-10 10:30.

0 2022-05-17