Natural changes and human impacts of typical karst environments in historical periods: pooled data from stalagmite records

Natural changes and human impacts of typical karst environments in historical periods: stalagmite recording project is a major research program of "Environmental and Ecological Science in Western China" sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The person in charge is Tan Ming, a researcher at the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project runs from January 2002 to December 2009. The temperature data of Beijing hot months (May, June, July and August) in 2650 (665 B.C.-A.D. 1985) are the results of the project. The data are reconstructed according to the correlation between the annual thickness of stalagmites in Shihua Cave in Beijing and meteorological observation data. The temperature signals reflected by soil carbon dioxide and cave dripping are amplified by the soil-organic matter-carbon dioxide system and recorded by the annual sequence of stalagmites. Although the general trend of temperature has decreased in recent thousands of years, the reconstructed temperature reveals that the climate has experienced repeated rapid warming on a century scale. This result is related to other records in the northern hemisphere, indicating that there is a hemispheric influence on the periodic changes of temperature in the sub-millennium scale. The data contains a txt file with attribute fields such as yr.AD, layer number, original thickness (um), maximum error in um (+-), sedimentary trend, detrended thickness (um), reconstructed temperature, maximum error in degree C (+ -), temperature anomaly, temperature anomaly + error, temperature anomaly-error, maximum error in age (yr. +-).

0 2020-06-04

Oxygen Isotope, dust, anion and accumulation data from the Dunde Ice Core (1987)

This data set contains data from the three ice cores drilled from the Dunde ice cap in the northern Tibetan Plateau in 1987. Core D-1 has a length of 139.8 m and is divided into 3585 samples for isotope analysis. Core D-3 has a length of 138.4 m, and the upper 56 m was cut into several samples on site and stored in bottles after melting, while the remaining length was frozen and preserved. The data set contains three data tables, namely, 10-year mean oxygen isotope data for the Dunde ice core (520-1987 A.D.), 5-year mean water equivalent accumulation data for Dunde ice core and 10-year mean dust data for the Dunde ice core. Data source: National Centers for Environmental Information (http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/paleoclimatology-data/datasets/ice-core). Processing method: Average. Table 1: 10-year mean oxygen isotope data for core D-3 (520 - 1987 A.D.) a. Name explanation Field 1: Start time Field 2: End time Field 3: Oxygen isotope value b. Dimensions (units of measure) Field 1: Dimensionless Field 2: Dimensionless Field 3: ‰ Data Table 2: 5-year mean water equivalent accumulation data for core D-1 (1606-1984) a. Name explanation Field 1: Start time Field 2: End time Field 3: Accumulation b. Dimensions (units of measure) Field 1: Dimensionless Field 2: Dimensionless Field 3: m Data Sheet 3: 10-year mean dust data for core D-3 (520 - 1987 A.D.) a. Name explanation Field 1: Start time Field 2: End time Field 3: Dust (diameter 0.63-16 µm) Field 4: Dust (diameter 2.00-60 µm) Field 5: Cl- Field 6: SO42- Field 7: NO3- b. Dimensions (units of measure) Field 1: Dimensionless Field 2: Dimensionless Field 3: Particles/mL Field 4: Particles/mL Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Field 7: ppb

0 2020-06-03

The 7000 years of isotope and geochemical data of the Puruogangri Ice Sheet (2000)

This data set comprises the oxygen isotope and geochemical data of two deep-drilled ice cores drilled in the Puruogangri ice sheet (33°55'N, 89°05'E, altitude: 6070 meters) in the central Tibetan Plateau in 2000. The ice core depths are 118.4 and 214.7 meters, respectively. Source of the data: National Centers for Environmental Information (http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/paleoclimatology-data/datasets/ice-core) . The data set contains 6 tables, which are the average values of 1 oxygen isotope per meter of the Puruogangri ice core, the 10-year average data of 1 oxygen isotope of the Puruogangri ice core, the average values of 2 oxygen isotope and the soluble aerosol concentrations per meter of the Puruogangri ice core, the 5-year average data of 2 oxygen isotope and aerosol concentrations of Puruogangri ice core, 10-year average data of 2 oxygen isotope and aerosol concentrations of the Puruogangri ice core, and the 100-year average values of 2 oxygen isotopic and aerosol concentrations of the Puruogangri ice core. The information on the fields is as follows: Table 1: the average values of 1 oxygen isotope per meter of the Puruogangri ice core Field: Field Name [Dimensions (Unit of Measure)] Field 1: Depth [m] Field 2: δ18° [‰] Table 2: the 10-year average data of 1 oxygen isotope of the Puruogangri ice core Field: Field Name [Dimensions (Unit of Measure)] Field 1: Start time [Dimensionless] Field 2: End time [Dimensionless] Field 3: δ18° [‰] Table 3: the average values of 2 oxygen isotope and soluble aerosol concentration per meter of the Puruogangri ice core Field: Field Name [Dimensions (Unit of Measure)] Field 1: Depth [m] Field 2: Dust (diameter 0.63-20 um) [particles/mL] Field 3: 18° [‰] Field 4: F- [ppb] Field 5: Cl- [ppb] Field 6: SO42- [ppb] Field 7: NO3- [ppb] Field 8: Na+ [ppb] Field 9: NH4+ [ppb] Field 10: K+ [ppb] Field 11: Mg2+ [ppb] Field 12: Ca2+ [ppb] Table 4: the 5-year average data of 2 oxygen isotope and aerosol concentration of the Puruogangri ice core Field: Field Name [Dimensions (Unit of Measure)] Field 1: Start time [Dimensionless] Field 2: End time [Dimensionless] Field 3: δ18° [‰] Field 4: Accumulation [cm/yr] Field 5: Dust (diameter 0.63-20 um) [particles/mL] Field 6: F- [ppb] Field 7: Cl- [ppb] Field 8: SO42- [ppb] Field 9: NO3- [ppb] Field 10: Na+ [ppb] Field 11: NH4+ [ppb] Field 12: K+ [ppb] Field 13: Mg2+ [ppb] Field 14: Ca2+ [ppb] Table 5: the 10-year average data of 2 oxygen isotope and aerosol concentrations of the Puruogangri ice core Field: Field Name [Dimensions (Unit of Measure)] Field 1: Start time [Dimensionless] Field 2: End time [Dimensionless] Field 3: δ18° [‰] Field 4: Dust (diameter 0.63-20 um) [particles/mL] Field 5: F- [ppb] Field 6: Cl- [ppb] Field 7: SO42- [ppb] Field 8: NO3- [ppb] Field 9: Na+ [ppb] Field 10: NH4+ [ppb] Field 11: K+ [ppb] Field 12: Mg2+ [ppb] Field 13: Ca2+ [ppb] Table 6: the 100-year average values of 2 oxygen isotopic and aerosol concentrations of the Puruogangri ice core Field: Field Name [Dimensions (Unit of Measure)] Field 1: The last year of the interval [Dimensionless] Field 2: δ18° [‰] Field 3: Dust (diameter 0.63-20 um) [particles/mL] Field 4: F- [ppb] Field 5: Cl- [ppb] Field 6: SO42- [ppb] Field 7: NO3- [ppb] Field 8: Na+ [ppb] Field 9: NH4+ [ppb] Field 10: K+ [ppb] Field 11: Mg2+ [ppb] Field 12: Ca2+ [ppb]

0 2020-06-03

Geological records and photograph dataset of the Jilong-Oma and Dati Basins During the field investigation over Southern Tibetan Plateau

The Southern Tibet Rift System (STRS) is one of the most prominent tectonic and geomorphological features in the southern Tibetan Plateau. The Jilong-Oma and Dati basins are located in the northern Himalaya Mountains. The late Cenozoic sedimentary sequences deposited in these two rift basins have archived abundant information about formation and evolution of the STRS and the uplift process of the Tibetan Plateau. The detailed stratigraphic and sedimentologic investigations were conducted on the late Cenozoic sediments in the Jilong-Oma basins. The late Cenozoic sediments in the Jilong-Oma Basin is over 610 m in thickness, including the lower conglomerate member of the fan delta facies (Danzengzhukang Fm., 400-600 m), the middle mudstone interbedded with sandstone member of fluvio-lacustrine facies (Oma Fm., 200-400 m) and the upper conglomerate intercalated with mudstone member of alluvial fan facies (Gongba Fm., 200-0 m). The Hipparion fossils were previously found at the bottom of the Oma Fm. The late Cenozoic sediments in the Dati Basin have a thickness of ~300 m, iucluding the lower mudstone, sandstone and sandy conglomerate member of fluvio-lacustrine faceis (Dati Fm., 80-305 m), and the upper conglomerate member of alluvial fan facies (Gongba Fm., 80-0 m). The Hipparion fossils were previously found at the upper part of the Dati Fm. By comparing with the Zhada Basin in the west part of the Himalaya orogen, it shows that these rift basins experienced the similar sedimentary evolution history and have the comparable Hipparion fossils. Establishing the precise chronology of these sediments and carrying out comprehensive comparison analyses between the rift basins play important roles in understanding the formation and evolution of the STRS, the uplift and deformation processes of the southern Tibetan Plateau and the climate change in the surrounding areas.

0 2020-06-02

Ages of geomorphic surfaces along the Heihe River Basin

According to the formation age of the river terraces in the upper reaches of the Heihe River, the Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating analysis was performed on the sediments of Heihe terrace. The samples were mainly fluvial sand reservoirs, and the measuring object was quartz grains in sand. The formation age of the 6th-order terrace near Qilian in the upper reaches of the Heihe River was measured by Optically Stimulated Luminescence dating. The terrace age results showed that the terraces were mainly formed since the late Pleistocene (60ka-7ka). The sample sites of the chronological data are distributed near the mainstream of the Heihe River in the northwest of Qilian County in the upper reaches of the Heihe River.

0 2020-06-01

Palaeogeographic distribution of Early, Middle and Late Triassic lithofacies in Pan-Third Pole area

Guided by plate tectonics, palaeogeography, petroleum basin analysis and sedimentary basin dynamics , a large number of data and achievements in recent years of geological and petroleum geology research in Pan-Third Pole have been collected, including basic materials such as strata, sediments, palaeontology, palaeogeography, palaeoenvironments, palaeoclimate, structure, petroleum (sylvine) geology, especially Palaeomagnetism and palaeozoic. On the basis of material, detrital zircon and geochemical data, and combined with the results of typical measured stratigraphic profiles, the lithofacies and climatic palaeogeographic pattern of the Triassic period were restored and reconstructed, and the Palaeogeographic distribution of Early, Middle and Late Triassic lithofacies in Pan-Third Pole area as well as the paleoclimatic distribution maps were obtained, aiming at discussing the control and influence of palaeogeography, palaeostructure and Palaeoclimate on hydrocarbon (potassium-bearing) resources In order to reveal the geological conditions of oil and gas formation and the law of resource distribution, and provide scientific basis and technical support for overseas and domestic oil and gas exploration and deployment in China. The boundary line between different lithofacies and climate is clear, which better reveals the paleogeographic pattern of lithofacies and climate in the Triassic period, which is of certain indicative significance for the study of the control and influence of paleogeography, paleostructure and paleoclimate on oil and gas (including potash) resources, as well as the geological conditions for the formation of oil and gas and the distribution of resources.

0 2020-05-29

Spring hydroclimate reconstruction on the south-central Tibetan Plateau

Data content: Standard ring-width chronology derived from Wilson juniper shrub around the northern shore of the Nam Co Lake; May-June SZI (Standardized Moisture Anomaly Index) drought reconstruction for the Nam Co region. Time span: 1605 to 2010. Temporal resolution: Yearly. Application and prospects: Hydroclimate study on the south-central Tibetan Plateau.

0 2020-05-28

Jurassic climatic, lithofacies paleogeography map of Pan third pole

Guided by the theories of plate tectonics, paleogeography, petroliferous basin analysis and sedimentary basin dynamics, we have collected a large number of data and achievements of geological research and oil-gas geological research in Pan third pole in recent years, including basic materials such as stratum, sedimentation, paleontology, paleogeography, paleoenvironment, paleoclimate, structure, oil-gas (potash) geology, especially paleomagnetism and paleogenesis On the basis of zircon and geochemical data, combined with the results of typical measured stratigraphic sections, the lithofacies and climate palaeogeographic pattern of Jurassic period are restored and reconstructed, and the paleogeographic map of lithofacies and climate of Pan third extremely early, middle and late Jurassic (3 sheets) and pan third extremely early, middle and late Jurassic (3 sheets) are obtained, aiming to discuss paleogeography and paleostructure The control and influence of paleoclimate on oil and gas (including potash) resources, in order to reveal the geological conditions and resource distribution rules of oil and gas formation, and provide scientific basis and technical support for overseas and domestic oil and gas exploration and deployment in China.

0 2020-05-25

Sporopollen Dataset of the Outcrops Retrived from Qaidam Basin

This dataset includes few pollen data and high-resolution microcharcoal dataset in a ~4000 m-thick sedimentary outcrops retrieved from the Huatutou, Qaidam Basin. Pollen data from the sediment are rare, only 15 samples got enough pollen grains for pollen assemblages division and analysis, the results indicates that during the early period, the vegetation are favor a relatively warm and wet climate correlated with the global warming stages (only ice-sheet accumulated in the Antarctic), then along with the global cooling, the xerophytic taxa increased and the vegetation types became similar than before. Sedimentary microcharcoals from fine grains (e.g., mudstone, siltstone and sandstone) are one of the typical wildfire proxies commonly used in paleoclimatic studies, as they have the potential to record past variations in wildfire history related with the vegetation and precipitation. The sediment samples were grounded and treated with 10% HCl and 40% HF to remove carbonates and silica. Separation of the microcharcoals from the residue was accomplished using a 10-lm nylon sieve. Finally, they were mounted in glycerin jelly. Based on the data of outcrops in the Qaidam Basin, the evolution history of wildfire and arid environment together vegetation in the west Qaidam Basin since the early Oligocene can be reconstructed, allowing further exploring of trends, variability and mechanisms of vegetation and wildfire history.

0 2020-05-12

DNA sequencing data of 10 ancient environmental samples on Tibet Plateau

1) Data content: this data is the DNA data of the paleoenvironmental sediments generated from the study of four archaeological sites in the downstream of Yarlung Zangbo River in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, including Changguogou, Liding, Liena and, Qugong. It includes the sequence of Hiseqx metagenomic data of 10 samples of the paleoenvironmental sediments in four archaeological sites. It can be used to study the research methods and feasibility of the ancient environment DNA in the archaeological sites of the Tibet Plateau and its possible important role in the research of the ancient agricultural development processes. 2) Data source and processing method: it is the own data of our research group, and the data is detected by using the pair-end library building method and Illumina Hiseqx sequencing method. 3) Data quality: 279M data volume, Q30 > 85%. 4) Achievements and prospects of data application: data are used to reveal the ancient agriculture in the Tibet Plateau at the level of ancient environmental DNA.

0 2020-04-30