Glacier temperature dataset of Xiaodong Kemadi (2012-2015)

This is the daily temperature observation data set of 6 points in Xiaodong Kemadi, 4 points in Yangbajing, and 4 points in Hariqin during 2012-2015.

0 2019-11-22

Meteorological observation data of Kunsha Glacier (2015-2017)

This data set includes the temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction and other daily values in the observation point of Kunsha Glacier. The data is observed from October 3, 2015 to September 19, 2017. It is measured by automatic meteorological station (Onset Company) and a piece of data is recorded every 2 hours. The original data forms a continuous time series after quality control, and the daily mean index data is obtained through calculation. The original data meets the accuracy requirements of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for meteorological observation. Quality control includes eliminating the systematic error caused by the missing point data and sensor failure. The data is stored as an excel file.

0 2019-11-17

Meteorological observation data of the terminus of Naimona'nyi Glacier (2011-2017)

This data set includes the temperature, relative humidity, and other daily values at the end of the observation point of the terminus of Naimona’nyi Glacier The data is observed from July 3, 2011 to September 15, 2017. It is measured by automatic meteorological station (Onset Company) and a piece of data is recorded every 60minutes. The original data forms a continuous time series after quality control, and the daily mean index data is obtained through calculation. The original data meets the accuracy requirements of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for meteorological observation. Quality control includes eliminating the systematic error caused by the missing point data and sensor failure. The data is stored as an excel file.

0 2019-11-17

Dataset of resources and environment of Cryosphere in Urumqi River Basin

The dataset contains: I. document Dataset description file 二. Grid The Urumqi River Basin in Tianshan is divided into two sub regions: the upper reaches and the No. 1 glacier area. The data scale of the upstream area is 1:50000, and the grid size of the two kinds of precision digital elevation model is 2000 × 2000m and 100 × 100m respectively; the data scale of the source area is 1:5000, and the grid size of the digital elevation model is 5*5m. Digital elevation model of glacier in Headwater Area Digital elevation model of No.1 glacier in 1973、1980 and 1986; digital elevation model of No.2 glacier in 1963、1968、1973、1980 and 1986. 三, Map Thumbnails of various data types 四. rsimage TM, ETM,remote sensing image 五. Vector includes: (1) soil type map (Soil): geocode soil type (2) land resource evaluation map (Landeval): geocode, land type , subclass (3) land type map(Landtype): geocode, category, subclass (4) landuse map(Landuse): geocode, category, subclass (5) current situation of water resources utilization (wateruse): geocode, category, subclass (6) human activity(activity): geocode , category 2、 glaicer: No.1 glacier map (73, 80, 86 years), No.2 glacier map (62, 64, 73, 80years), including glacier, glacier boundary, contour data 3、 upstream sub area UP: (1) boundary (2) Subregional drainage system(River)(3) soil type map (Soil) (4) land resource evaluation map (Landeval) (5) land type map(Landtype) (6)landuse map(Landuse) (7) current situation of water resources utilization (wateruse) (8) human activity(activity) (9) Glacier distribution map(Glacier) Data projection: Project: reverse & Mercator False_easting: 500000.000000 False_northing: 0.000000 Central_meridian: 87.000000 Scale factor: 1.000000 Latitude_Of_Origin: 0.000000 Linear Unit: Meter (1.000000) Geographic Coordinate System: GCS_Krasovsky_1940

0 2019-11-14

Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings (1970s-2000s)

This data set is collected from the supplementary information part of the paper: Yao, T. , Thompson, L. , & Yang, W. . (2012). Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in tibetan plateau and surroundings. Nature Climate Change, 1580, 1-5. This paper report on the glacier status over the past 30 years by investigating the glacial retreat of 82 glaciers, area reductionof 7,090 glaciers and mass-balance change of 15 glaciers. This data set contains 8 tables, the names and content are as follows: Data list: The data name list of the rest tables; t1: Distribution of Glaciers in the TP and surroundings; t2: Data and method for analyzing glacial area reduction in each basin; t3: Glacial area reduction during the past three decades from remote sensing images in the TP and surroundings; t4: Glacial length fluctuationin the TP and surroundings in the past three decades; t5: Detailed information on the glaciers for recent mass balance measurement in the TP and surroundings; t6: Recent annual mass balances in different regions in the TP; t7: Mass balance of Long-time series for the Qiyi, Xiaodongkemadi and Kangwure Glaciers in the TP. See attachments for data details: Supplementary information.pdf, Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings.pdf.

0 2019-10-09

The dataset of spatio-temporal water resources distribution in the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River (1998-2017)

This data is a simulated output data set of 5km monthly hydrological data obtained by establishing the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model of the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River, using temperature, precipitation and pressure as input data, and GAME-TIBET data as verification data. The dataset includes grid runoff and evaporation (if the evaporation is less than 0, it means deposition; if the runoff is less than 0, it means that the precipitation in the month is less than evaporation). This data is a model based on the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model, and established by using temperature, and precipitation (from itp-forcing and CMA) as input data, GLASS, MODIA, AVHRR as vegetation data, and SOILGRID and FAO as soil parameters. And by the calibration and verification of runoff,soil temperature and soil humidity, the 5 km monthly grid runoff and evaporation in the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River from 1998 to 2017 was obtained. If asc can't open normally in arcmap, please delete the blacks space of the top 5 lines of the asc file.

0 2019-09-22

Inventory dataset of glacial lakes in Himachal Pradesh, India (2004)

This glacial lake inventory receives joint support from the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and United Nations Environment Programme/Regional Resource Centre, Asia and the Pacific (UNEP/RRC-AP). 5. This glacial lake inventory referred to Landsat 4/5 (MSS and TM), SPOT(XS), IRS-1C/1D(LISS-III) and other remote sensing data. It reflects the current situation of glacial lakes with areas larger than 0.01 km2 in 2004. 6. Glacial Lake Inventory Coverage: Yamuna basin, Ravi basin, Chenab basin, Satluj River Basin and others. 7. The Glacial Lake Inventory includes glacial lake inventory, glacial lake type, glacial lake width, glacial lake orientation, glacial lake length from the glacier and other attributes. 8. Projection parameter: Projection: Albers Equal Area Conic Ellipsoid: WGS 84 Datum: WGS 1984 False easting: 0.0000000 False northing: 0.0000000 Central meridian: 82° 30’E Central parallel: 0° 0’ N Latitude of first parallel: 20° N Latitude of second parallel: 35° N For a detailed data description, please refer to the data file and report.

0 2019-09-15

Surface DEM for typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau (Version 1.0) (2003)

The DEMs of the typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau were provided by the bistatic InSAR method. The data were collected on November 21, 2013. It covered Puruogangri and west Qilian Mountains with a spatial resolution of 10 meters, and an elevation accuracy of 0.8 m which met the requirements of national 1:10 000 topographic mapping. Considering the characteristics of the bistatic InSAR in terms of imaging geometry and phase unwrapping, based on the TanDEM-X bistatic InSAR data, and adopting the improved SAR interference processing method, the surface DEMs of the two typical glaciers above were generated with high resolution and precision. The data set was in GeoTIFF format, and each typical glacial DEM was stored in a folder. For details of the data, please refer to the Surface DEMs for typical glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau - Data Description.

0 2019-09-15

Dataset of typical glacier changes on Tibetan Plateau and Its surrounding areas (2005-2016)

This is the data set of typical glacier changes on the Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding areas, which includes the Qiangyong Glacier near Yamdrog Yumtso, the Palong Glacier in the Palongzangbu River Basin, the Xiaodongkemadi Glacier on Tanggula Mountain in the central Tibetan Plateau, the No. 2 Anglong Glacier in the Ngari Prefecture in the western Tibetan Plateau, the Aerqieteke Glacier in the Muztagata region, the No. 15 Glacier, the Qiaodumake Glacier, and the Qiyi Glacier in the Qilian Mountains on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. It can be used to study the response of typical glaciers in typical areas of the plateau to climate change. On the ice surface of a typical glacier in a typical area, a steam drill is used to set a length rod. The height of the rod is measured at a fixed time every year and combined with snow pit observations to observe the glacier mass balance. Marks are set on the ground near the terminus of the glacier, and the distance between the marker and the terminus of the glacier is measured to observe changes in the position of the terminus of the glacier. Among the glaciers, there are terminus change data for the Qiaodumake Glacier and No. 94 Palong Glacier. In the data set processing method, a continuous sequence of time and space is formed after the quality control of the original data. It conforms to the accuracy of conventional glacier monitoring and research in China and the world, and it meets the requirements of the comparative study of glacier changes and related climate change records.

0 2019-09-15

Oxygen isotope, dust, anion and accumulation data from the Guliya ice core (1992)

This data set contains the oxygen isotope, dust, anion and accumulation data obtained from the deep ice core drilled in 1992 in the Guliya ice cap, which is located in the west Kunlun Mountains on the Tibetan Plateau. The length of the ice core was 308.6 m. The ice core was cut into samples, 12628 of which were used to measure the oxygen isotope values, 12480 of which were used to measure the dust concentrations, and 9681 of which were used to measure the anion concentrations. Data Resource: National Centers for Environmental Information(http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/data-access/paleoclimatology-data/datasets/ice-core). Processing Method: Average. The data set contains 4 tables, namely: oxygen isotope, dust and anion data from different depths in the Guliya ice core, 10-year mean data of oxygen isotopes, dust, anions and net accumulation in the Guliya ice core, 400-year mean data of oxygen isotopes, dust and anions in the Guliya ice core, and chlorine-36 data from different depths. Table 1: Data on oxygen isotopes, dust and anion concentrations at different depths in the Guliya ice core. a. Name explanation Field 1: Depth Field 2: Oxygen isotope value Field 3: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63 to 20 µm) Field 4: Cl- Field 5: SO42- Field 6: NO3- b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: m Field 2: ‰ Field 3: particles/mL Field 4: ppb Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Table 2: 10-year mean oxygen isotope, dust, anion and net accumulation data for the Guliya ice core (0-1989) a. Name explanation Field 1: Start time Field 2: End time Field 3: Oxygen isotope value Field 4: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63 -20 µm) Field 5: Cl- Field 6: SO42- Field 7: NO3- Field 8: Net accumulation b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: Dimensionless Field 2: Dimensionless Field 3: ‰ Field 4: particles/mL Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Field 7: ppb Field 8: cm/year Table 3: 400-year mean oxygen isotope, dust and anion data for the Guliya ice core. a. Name explanation Field 1: Time Field 2: Oxygen isotope Field 3: Dust concentration (diameter 0.63-20 µm) Field 4: Cl- Field 5: SO42- Field 6: NO3- b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: Millennium Field 2: ‰ Field 3: particles/mL Field 4: ppb Field 5: ppb Field 6: ppb Table 4: Chlorine-36 data at different depths a. Name explanation Field 1: Depth Field 2: 36Cl Field 3: 36Cl error Field 4: Year b. Dimensions (unit of measure) Field 1: m Field 2: 104 atoms g-1 Field 3: % Field 4: Millennium

0 2019-09-15