The dataset of spatio-temporal water resources distribution in the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River (1998-2017)
  • 2019-09-22
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This data is a simulated output data set of 5km monthly hydrological data obtained by establishing the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model of the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River, using temperature, precipitation and pressure as input data, and GAME-TIBET data as verification data. The dataset includes grid runoff and evaporation (if the evaporation is less than 0, it means deposition; if the runoff is less than 0, it means that the precipitation in the month is less than evaporation). This data is a model based on the WEB-DHM distributed hydrological model, and established by using temperature, and precipitation (from itp-forcing and CMA) as input data, GLASS, MODIA, AVHRR as vegetation data, and SOILGRID and FAO as soil parameters. And by the calibration and verification of runoff,soil temperature and soil humidity, the 5 km monthly grid runoff and evaporation in the source regions of Yangtze River and Yellow River from 1998 to 2017 was obtained. If asc can't open normally in arcmap, please delete the blacks space of the top 5 lines of the asc file.

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HiWATER: Dataset of intensive runoff observations in the midstream of the Heihe River Basin of the MUlti-Scale Observation EXperiment on Evapotranspiration over heterogeneous land surfaces 2012 (MUSOEXE-12)
  • 2019-09-15
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The site No. 1 EC towers were used for the intercomparison field in the Yingke irrigation district (1552.75 m, 38°59′51.71″ N, 100°24′38.76″ E). The land surface is homogeneous and dominated by vegetables in the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin. The precipitation comparison dataset was collected between 12 June, 2012, and 22 November, 2012. The dataset includes data for five different rain gauge types, i.e., pit gauge, Chinese standard manual precipitation gauge, siphon rain gauge, tipping bucket gauge, and weighting gauge. The mountain heights for these gauges were 0.0, 0.7, 1.2, 1.5, and 1.5 m, respectively. The data were recorded every 1 hour, 1 day, 10 minutes, 10 minutes, and 10 minutes, respectively. The main objective of the data collection was to perform an intercomparison of in situ rainfall measurements. The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: 1) The water level data which collected from the hydrological station were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. 2) Data out the normal range records were rejected. 3) Unphysical data were rejected. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2016) (for multi-scale observation experiment or sites information), He et al. (2016) (for data processing) in the Citation section.

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Surface meteorological observation data product of TP (1979-2016)
  • 2019-09-15
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1)Data content (including elements and meanings): surface meteorological observation data product of TP in 1979-2016 2)Data source and processing method: In .tif format, can be opened and analysed in arcgis. 3)Data quality description: daily resolution 4)Data application results and prospects: Based on the long-term observation data of the 17 stations of HORN, establish a series of data series of meteorological, hydrological and ecological elements in the Pan-Earth region; Strengthen observation and sample and sample verification, and complete the inversion of meteorological elements, lake water quantity and water quality, aboveground vegetation biomass, glacier and frozen soil changes; based on Internet of Things technology, develop multi-station networked meteorological, hydrological, The ecological data management platform realizes real-time acquisition and remote control and sharing of networked data.

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Hydrological characteristic values at the Jiangzi hydrological station on the Nianchu River in the Yarlung Zangbo River (1956-2000)
  • 2019-09-15
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This dataset contains the monthly hydrological characteristic values of the Jiangzi hydrological station on the Nianchu River in the Yarlung Zangbo River for many years (e.g., coefficient of variation, deviation factor, and nonuniform coefficient). It can be used to study the hydrological characteristics of the Yarlung Zangbo River. The original data are the national hydrological station data, and the quality requirements are the same as the national standards. This data sheet has four fields. Field 1: Time, month Field 2: Coefficient of variation Field 3: Deviation factor Field 4: Nonuniform coefficient

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Monthly MODIS and AVHRR-based land surface evapotranspiration dataset in Qilian Mountain area (ETHi-merge, V1) (1985-2015)
  • 2019-09-15
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This dataset contains monthly land surface evapotranspiration products in Qilian Mountain area every 5 years from 1985 to 2015. It has 0.05 degree spatial resolution from 1985 to 1995 and 0.01 degree spatial resolution from 2000 to 2015. The dataset was produced based on Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) method by fusing six satellite-derived evapotranspiration products including RS-PM (Mu et al., 2011), SW (Shuttleworth and Wallace., 1985), PT-JPL (Fisher et al., 2008), MS-PT (Yao et al., 2013), SEMI-PM (Wang et al., 2010a) and SIM (Wang et al.2008). The input variables for the evapotranspiration products include MODIS products, GIMMS AVHRR NDVI and China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (He Jie, Yang Kun. China Meteorological Forcing Dataset. Cold and Arid Regions Science Data Center at Lanzhou, 2011. doi:10.3972/westdc.002.2014.db).

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WATER: Dataset of runoff plot observations in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area from Jun to Oct, 2008
  • 2019-09-14
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The dataset of runoff plot observations was obtained in the Binggou watershed foci experimental area from Jun. 19 to Oct. 17, 2008. The runoff plot (38°03′, 100°13′, 3472m, with a slope of 20.16°) was 10m long, 5m wide and 80cm deep, with soil depth about 50cm and sandy clay and gravels beneath (50-80cm). The main vegetation type is scrub (about 20cm high) and grass (about 3cm high). Observation items included the surface flow, interflow (80cm down the land surface), and precipitation at a fixed point at the right of the runoff plot. One subfolder and two data files (directions on data observations and raw data) were archived.

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The meteorological data of Mt. Qomolangma, Namco, and Linzhi Stations on the Tibetan Plateau (2006-2008)
  • 2019-09-14
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The data set collects the long-term monitoring data on atmosphere, hydrology and soil from the Integrated Observation and Research Station of Multisphere in Namco, the Integrated Observation and Research Station of Atmosphere and Environment in Mt. Qomolangma, and the Integrated Observation and Research Station of the Alpine Environment in Southeast Tibet. The data have three resolutions, which include 0.1 seconds, 10 minutes, 30 minutes, and 24 hours. The temperature, humidity and pressure sensors used in the field atmospheric boundary layer tower (PBL) were provided by Vaisala of Finland. The wind speed and direction sensor was provided by MetOne of the United States. The radiation sensor was provided by APPLEY of the United States and EKO of Japan. Gas analysis instrument was provided by Licor of the United States, and the soil moisture content, ultrasonic anemometer and data collector were provided by CAMPBELL of the United States. The observing system is maintained by professionals on a regular basis (2-3 times a year), the sensors are calibrated and replaced, and the collected data are downloaded and reorganized to meet the meteorological observation specifications of the National Weather Service and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The data set was processed by forming a time continuous sequence after the raw data were quality-controlled, and the quality control included eliminating the systematic error caused by missing data and sensor failure.

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Daily MODIS-based land surface evapotranspiration dataset in Qilian Mountain Area (ETHi-merge V1) (2018)
  • 2019-09-13
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This dataset contains daily land surface evapotranspiration products of 2018 in Qilian Mountain area. It has 0.01 degree spatial resolution. The dataset was produced based on Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) method by fusing six satellite-derived evapotranspiration products including RS-PM (Mu et al., 2011), SW (Shuttleworth and Wallace., 1985), PT-JPL (Fisher et al., 2008), MS-PT (Yao et al., 2013), SEMI-PM (Wang et al., 2010a) and SIM (Wang et al.2008). The input variables for the evapotranspiration products include MODIS products and China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (He Jie, Yang Kun. China Meteorological Forcing Dataset. Cold and Arid Regions Science Data Center at Lanzhou, 2011. doi:10.3972/westdc.002.2014.db).

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Xinjiang water resources bulletin (2006-2012)
  • 2019-09-12
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The water resources bulletin is a comprehensive annual report reflecting the annual situation of water resources and its development and utilization and important water information, providing timely water resources information for the macro decision-making of relevant departments.The contents of the communique mainly include: precipitation, surface water and groundwater resources in xinjiang, water storage in water conservancy facilities, water consumption in xinjiang (production, ecological and domestic water), wastewater discharge (various industrial types), water quality evaluation of primary and secondary water systems, and flood disasters.This data comes from the xinjiang water resources department. Relying on the intensive basic hydrological monitoring sample points, it reflects the high level of true reliability of this data.This kind of data is suitable for inter-annual optimal allocation and scheduling of water resources.

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Water resource usage data of the Syr Dayra River Basin (1980-2015)
  • 2019-09-12
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The water resources use of the Syr Darya Basin is statistical type, the spatial resolution is watershed/sub-basin/site data, the time resolution is every 5 years, the time range is 1980-2015, the data format is *.xlsx, and the geographical range is mainly Involving the Syr Darya Basin; These data were mainly obtained by searching, reviewing and translating a large number of data from the Central Asian Syr Darya River Basin, including data published by Central Asian Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan (website download) and purchasing statistical yearbooks directly from Central Asia. Professional books, etc. The researchers went to the Syr Darya Basin and verified the relevant data obtained.

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