Basin scale hydrological and ecological processes and their impacts on global climate change data in the Loess Region

The hydrological ecological process at the loess basin scale and its response to global climate change is a project of the Major Research plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China - Environmental and Ecological Science in Western China. The project is led by liu wenzhao, a researcher from the institute of water and soil conservation, ministry of water resources, Chinese academy of sciences. The project runs from January 2003 to December 2005. The project submitted data: The CLIGEN parameter and output dataset of the Loess Plateau: It was generated during the evaluation and improvement of the practicality of the weather generator CLIGEN in the Loess Plateau. The dataset includes parameter data files for driving CLIGEN and 100-year daily weather data files generated by running CLIGEN from 71 meteorological stations on the Loess Plateau. The 71 sites are distributed in 7 provinces (Shanxi, Shanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Henan, and Qinghai). Each file is individually saved in ASCII format and can be opened for viewing with text programs. This data set is generated based on long-term serial daily meteorological data measured by 71 meteorological stations on the Loess Plateau. Daily meteorological parameters include: precipitation, maximum, minimum, and average temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, wind speed and direction. The data comes from the China Meteorological Science Data Sharing Service Network and the Loess Plateau Soil and Water Conservation Database. Among them, solar radiation data is available at only 12 sites on the Loess Plateau. The solar radiation parameters at other sites are generated by kriging space interpolation. The dew point temperature is calculated using the average temperature and relative humidity.

0 2020-04-07

China meteorological assimilation driving datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.1 (2008-2016)

CMADS V1.1(The China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.1) Version of the data set introduced the STMAS assimilation algorithm. It was constructed using multiple technologies and scientific methods, including loop nesting of data, projection of resampling models, and bilinear interpolation. The CMADS series of datasets can be used to drive various hydrological models, such as SWAT, the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model, and the Storm Water Management model (SWMM). It also allows users to conveniently extract a wide range of meteorological elements for detailed climatic analyses. Data sources for the CMADS series include nearly 40,000 regional automatic stations under China’s 2,421 national automatic and business assessment centres. This ensures that the CMADS datasets have wide applicability within the country, and that data accuracy was vastly improved. The CMADS series of datasets has undergone finishing and correction to match the specific format of input and driving data of SWAT models. This reduces the volume of complex work that model builders have to deal with. An index table of the various elements encompassing all of East Asia was also established for SWAT models. This allows the models to utilize the datasets directly, thus eliminating the need for any format conversion or calculations using weather generators. Consequently, significant improvements to the modelling speed and output accuracy of SWAT models were achieved. Most of the source data in the CMADS datasets are derived from CLDAS in China and other reanalysis data in the world. The integration of air temperature (2m), air pressure, humidity, and wind speed data (10m) was mainly achieved through the LAPS/STMAS system. Precipitation data were stitched using CMORPH’s global precipitation products and the National Meteorological Information Center’s data of China (which is based on CMORPH’s integrated precipitation products). The latter contains daily precipitation records observed at 2,400 national meteorological stations and the CMORPH satellite’s inversion precipitation products.The inversion algorithm for incoming solar radiation at the ground surface makes use of the discrete longitudinal method by Stamnes et al.(1988)to calculate radiation transmission. The resolutions for CMADS V1.0, V1.1, V1.2, and V1.3 were 1/3°, 1/4°, 1/8°, and 1/16°, respectively. In CMADS V1.0 (at a spatial resolution of 1/3°), East Asia was spatially divided into 195 × 300 grid points containing 58,500 stations. Despite being at the same spatial resolution as CMADS V1.0, CMADS V1.1 contains more data, with 260 × 400 grid points containing 104,000 stations. For both versions, the stations’ daily data include average solar radiation, average temperature (2m), average pressure, maximum and minimum temperature (2m), specific humidity, cumulative precipitation, and average wind speed (10m). The CMADS comprises other variables for any hydrological model(under 'For-other-model' folder): Daily Average Temperature (2m), Daily Maximum Temperature (2m), Daily Minimum Temperature (2m), Daily cumulative precipitation (20-20h), Daily average Relative Humidity, Daily average Specific Humidity, Daily average Solar Radiation, Daily average Wind (10m), and Daily average Atmospheric Pressure. Introduction to metadata of CMADS CMADS storage path description:(CMADS was divided into two datesets) 1.CMADS-V1.0\For-swat\ --specifically driving the SWAT model 2.CMADS-V1.0\For-other-model\ --specifically driving the other hydrological model(VIC,SWMM,etc.) CMADS--\For-swat-2009\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) 1).Station\ Relative-Humidity-58500\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Precipitation-58500\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation(mm) Solar radiation-58500\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Tmperature-58500\ Daily maximum and minimum 2m temperature(℃) Wind-58500\ Daily average 10m wind speed(m/s) Where R, P, S, T, W+ dimensional grid number - the number of longitude grid is the station in the above five folders respectively.(Where R,P,S,T,W respective Daily average relative humidity,Daily cumulative precipitation(24h),Daily mean solar radiation(MJ/m2),Daily maximum and minimum temperature(℃) and Daily mean wind speed (m/s)) respectively.Data format is (.dbf) 2).Fork\ (Station index table over East Asia) PCPFORK.txt (Precipitation index table) RHFORK.txt (Relative humidity index table) SORFORK.txt (Solar radiation index table) TMPFORK.txt (Temperature index table) WINDFORK.txt (Wind speed index) CMADS--\For-swat-2012\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) Storage structure is consistency with \For-swat- 2009\.However, all the data in this directory are only available in TXT format and can be readed by SWAT2012. 3)\For-other-model\ (Includes all weather input data required by the any hydrologic model (daily).) Atmospheric-Pressure-txt\ Daily average atmospheric pressure(hPa) Average-Temperature-txt\ Daily average 2m temperature(℃) Maximum-Temperature-txt\ Daily maximum 2m temperature(℃) Minimum-Temperature-txt\ Daily minimum 2m temperature(℃) Precipitation-txt\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation (mm) Relative-Humidity-txt\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Solar-Radiation-txt\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Specific-Humidity-txt\ Daily average Specific Humidity(g/kg) Wind-txt\ Daily average 10m wind speed(m/s) Data storage information: data set storage format is .dbf and .txt Other data information: Total data:45GB Occupied space: 50GB Time: From year 2008 to year 2014 Time resolution: Daily Geographical scope description: East Asia Longitude: 60° E The most east longitude: 160°E North latitude: 65°N Most southern latitude: 0°N Number of stations: 58500 stations Spatial resolution: 1/3 * 1/3 * grid points Vertical range: None

0 2020-04-02

China meteorological assimilation driving datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.0 (2008-2016)

CMADS V1.0(The China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT model Version 1.0)Version of the data set introduces the technology of STMAS assimilation algorithm . It was constructed using multiple technologies and scientific methods, including loop nesting of data, projection of resampling models, and bilinear interpolation. The CMADS series of datasets can be used to drive various hydrological models, such as SWAT, the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model, and the Storm Water Management model (SWMM). It also allows users to conveniently extract a wide range of meteorological elements for detailed climatic analyses. Data sources for the CMADS series include nearly 40,000 regional automatic stations under China’s 2,421 national automatic and business assessment centres. This ensures that the CMADS datasets have wide applicability within the country, and that data accuracy was vastly improved. The CMADS series of datasets has undergone finishing and correction to match the specific format of input and driving data of SWAT models. This reduces the volume of complex work that model builders have to deal with. An index table of the various elements encompassing all of East Asia was also established for SWAT models. This allows the models to utilize the datasets directly, thus eliminating the need for any format conversion or calculations using weather generators. Consequently, significant improvements to the modelling speed and output accuracy of SWAT models were achieved. Most of the source data in the CMADS datasets are derived from CLDAS in China and other reanalysis data in the world. The integration of air temperature, air pressure, humidity, and wind velocity data was mainly achieved through the LAPS/STMAS system. Precipitation data were stitched using CMORPH’s global precipitation products and the National Meteorological Information Center’s data of China (which is based on CMORPH’s integrated precipitation products). The latter contains daily precipitation records observed at 2,400 national meteorological stations and the CMORPH satellite’s inversion precipitation products.The inversion algorithm for incoming solar radiation at the ground surface makes use of the discrete longitudinal method by Stamnes et al.(1988)to calculate radiation transmission. The resolutions for CMADS V1.0, V1.1, V1.2, and V1.3 were 1/3°, 1/4°, 1/8°, and 1/16°, respectively. In CMADS V1.0 (at a spatial resolution of 1/3°), East Asia was spatially divided into 195 × 300 grid points containing 58,500 stations. Despite being at the same spatial resolution as CMADS V1.0, CMADS V1.1 contains more data, with 260 × 400 grid points containing 104,000 stations. For both versions, the stations’ daily data include average solar radiation, average temperature, average pressure, maximum and minimum temperature, specific humidity, cumulative precipitation, and average wind velocity. The CMADS comprises other variables for any hydrological model(under 'For-other-model' folder ): Daily Average Temperature, Daily Maximum Temperature, Daily Minimum Temperature, Daily cumulative precipitation (20-20h), Daily average Relative Humidity, Daily average Specific Humidity, Daily average Solar Radiation, Daily average Wind, and Daily average Atmospheric Pressure. Introduction to metadata of CMADS CMADS storage path description:(CMADS was divided into two datesets) 1.CMADS-V1.0\For-swat\ --specifically driving the SWAT model 2.CMADS-V1.0\For-other-model\ --specifically driving the other hydrological model(VIC,SWMM,etc.) CMADS--\For-swat-2009\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) 1).Station\ Relative-Humidity-58500\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Precipitation-58500\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation(mm) Solar radiation-58500\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Tmperature-58500\ Daily maximum and minimum temperature(℃) Wind-58500\ Daily average wind speed(m/s) Where R, P, S, T, W+ dimensional grid number - the number of longitude grid is the station in the above five folders respectively.(Where R,P,S,T,W respective Daily average relative humidity,Daily cumulative precipitation(24h),Daily mean solar radiation(MJ/m2),Daily maximum and minimum temperature(℃) and Daily mean wind speed (m/s)) respectively.Data format is (.dbf) 2).Fork\ (Station index table over East Asia) PCPFORK.txt (Precipitation index table) RHFORK.txt (Relative humidity index table) SORFORK.txt (Solar radiation index table) TMPFORK.txt (Temperature index table) WINDFORK.txt (Wind speed index) CMADS--\For-swat-2012\ folder contain:(Station\ and Fork\) Storage structure is consistency with \For-swat- 2009\.However, all the data in this directory are only available in TXT format and can be readed by SWAT2012. 3)\For-other-model\ (Includes all weather input data required by the any hydrologic model (daily).) Atmospheric-Pressure-txt\ Daily average atmospheric pressure(hPa) Average-Temperature-txt\ Daily average temperature(℃) Maximum-Temperature-txt\ Daily maximum temperature(℃) Minimum-Temperature-txt\ Daily minimum temperature(℃) Precipitation-txt\ Daily accumulated 24-hour precipitation (mm) Relative-Humidity-txt\ Daily average relative humidity(fraction) Solar-Radiation-txt\ Daily average solar radiation(MJ/m2) Specific-Humidity-txt\ Daily average Specific Humidity(g/kg) Wind-txt\ Daily average wind speed(m/s) Data storage information: data set storage format is .dbf and .txt Other data information: Total data: 33.6GB Occupied space: 35.2GB Time: From year 2008 to year 2016 Time resolution: Daily Geographical scope description: East Asia Longitude: 60°E The most east longitude: 160°E North latitude: 65°N Most southern latitude: 0°N Number of stations: 58500 stations Spatial resolution: 1/3 * 1/3 * grid points Vertical range: None

0 2020-04-02

China meteorological forcing dataset (1979-2018)

The China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (CMFD) is a high spatial-temporal resolution gridded near-surface meteorological dataset that was developed specifically for studies of land surface processes in China. The dataset was made through fusion of remote sensing products, reanalysis dataset and in-situ observation data at weather stations. Its record starts from January 1979 and keeps extending (currently up to December 2018) with a temporal resolution of three hours and a spatial resolution of 0.1°. Seven near-surface meteorological elements are provided in CMFD, including 2-meter air temperature, surface pressure, specific humidity, 10-meter wind speed, downward shortwave radiation, downward longwave radiation and precipitation rate.

0 2020-04-01

China regional atmospheric driving dataset based on geostationary satellites and reanalysis data (2005-2010)

Based on the geostationary satellites and reanalysis data, the China Regional Atmospheric Driving Dataset is a set of atmospheric driving data sets with high spatiotemporal resolution prepared by the China Meteorological Administration, with a spatial resolution of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° and a temporal resolution of 1 Hours, covering a range of 75 ° -135 ° east longitude and 15 ° -55 ° north latitude, include 6 elements of near-surface temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, near-surface wind speed, incident solar radiation on the ground, and ground precipitation rate. The preparation process of precipitation products is as follows: The 6-hour cumulative precipitation estimated from the multi-channel data of the China Fengyun-2 geostationary satellite is integrated with the 6-hour cumulative precipitation from conventional ground observations to obtain 6-hour cumulative precipitation spatial distribution data, and then use the high-resolution cloud classification information retrieved from the multi-channel inversion of the geostationary satellites determines the interpolation time weight of the cumulative precipitation and obtains an estimated one-hour cumulative precipitation. The preparation process of the radiation data is as follows: The surface incident solar radiation based on FY-2C, uses the radiation transmission model DISORT (Discrete Ordinates Radiative Transfer Program for a Multi-Layered Plane-parallel Medium) to calculate the radiation transmission and obtains the data of surface incident solar radiation in China. Preparation process of other elements: The space and time interpolation method is used for the NCEP reanalysis data of 1.0 ° × 1.0 ° to obtain driving factors such as near-surface air temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, and near-surface wind speed of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° per hour. Physical meaning of each variable: Meteorological Elements || Variable Name || Unit || Physical Meaning | Surface temperature || TBOT || K || Surface temperature (2m) | Surface pressure || PSRF || Pa || Surface pressure | Relative humidity on the ground || RH || kg / kg || Relative humidity near the ground (2m) | Wind speed on the ground || WIND || m / s || Wind speed near the ground (anemometer height) | Surface incident solar radiation || FSDS || W / m2 || Surface incident solar radiation | Precipitation Rate || PRECTmms || mm / hr || Precipitation Rate For more information, see the data documentation published with the data.

0 2020-03-31

Standard weather station annual data of the Yellow River’s Upstream (1952-2011)

Ⅰ. Overview This dataset contains annual meteorological data from the upper Yellow River and its surroundings from 1952 to 2011. The standard station data includes 38 elements: average station pressure, extreme maximum station pressure, date of extreme maximum station pressure, month of extreme maximum station pressure, month of extreme minimum station pressure, date of extreme minimum station pressure, day, extreme Lowest station pressure month, average temperature, extreme maximum temperature, extreme maximum temperature day, extreme maximum temperature month, extreme minimum temperature, extreme minimum temperature day, extreme minimum temperature month, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature , Average minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, minimum relative humidity occurrence day, minimum relative humidity occurrence month, precipitation, daily precipitation ≥0.1mm days, percentage of precipitation anomaly, maximum daily precipitation, maximum daily precipitation Appearance day, month of maximum daily precipitation, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, day of maximum wind speed, month of maximum wind speed, direction of maximum wind speed, day of maximum wind speed The month of maximum wind speed, the number of hours of sunshine, and the percentage of sunshine. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored as integers, the temperature unit is (0.1 ° C) value, the precipitation unit is (0.1 mm), and it is stored as an ASCII text file. Ⅲ. Data content description Standard station data, all meteorological elements are stored in one text, respectively: average own station pressure (V10004), extreme highest station pressure (V10201), extreme highest station pressure (V10201_001), extreme highest station pressure appears Month (V10201_002), Extreme Lowest Station Pressure (V10202), Extreme Lowest Station Pressure (V10202_001), Extreme Lowest Station Pressure (V10202_002), Average Temperature (V12001), Extreme Maximum Temperature (V12011), Extreme Maximum Temperature appearance day (V12011_101), extreme maximum temperature appearance month (V12011_102), extreme minimum temperature (V12012), extreme minimum temperature appearance day (V12012_101), extreme minimum temperature appearance month (V12012_102), average temperature anomaly (V12201), average Highest temperature (V12211), average minimum temperature (V12212), average relative humidity (V13003), minimum relative humidity (V13007), minimum relative humidity occurrence day (V13007_001), minimum relative humidity occurrence month (V13007_002), precipitation (V13011) , Daily precipitation ≥ 0.1mm days (V13011_000), percentage of precipitation anomaly (V13012), maximum daily precipitation (V13052), day of maximum daily precipitation (V13052_00 1), the month when the maximum daily precipitation occurs (V13052_002), the average wind speed (V11002), the maximum wind speed (V11041), the maximum wind speed (V11042), the direction of the maximum wind speed (V11043), and the day when the maximum wind speed appears (V11043_001) , The month of maximum wind speed (V11043_002), the direction of maximum wind speed (V11212), the day of maximum wind speed (V11212_001), the month of maximum wind speed (V11212_002), the number of hours of sunshine (V14032), and the percentage of sunshine (V14033). Ⅳ. Data usage description In terms of resources and environment, meteorological data is used to simulate the regional climate change and runoff, sediment, water and soil loss and vegetation change in the basin, and it is also a necessary input condition for remote sensing inversion.

0 2020-03-29

Standard weather station monthly data of the Yellow River’s Upstream (1952-2011)

I. Overview This dataset contains monthly meteorological data for the upper Yellow River and its surroundings from 1952 to 2011. The standard station data includes 30 elements: average station pressure, extreme maximum station pressure, date of extreme maximum station pressure, extreme minimum station pressure, date of extreme minimum station pressure, average temperature, and extreme maximum temperature. , Extreme high temperature appearance day, extreme minimum temperature, extreme minimum temperature appearance day, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature, average minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, minimum relative humidity occurrence date, precipitation, daily precipitation > = 0.1mm days, maximum daily precipitation, maximum daily precipitation occurrence day, percentage of precipitation anomaly, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, day of maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed , The day of maximum wind speed, the hours of sunshine, and the percentage of sunshine. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored as integers, the temperature unit is (0.1 ° C) value, the precipitation unit is (0.1 mm), and it is stored as an ASCII text file. Ⅲ. Data content description Standard station data, all meteorological elements are stored in one text, each element is: average own station pressure (V10004), extreme highest station pressure (V10201), extreme highest station pressure (V10201_001), extreme lowest station Barometric pressure (V10202), the day when the extreme minimum atmospheric pressure appeared (V10202_002), the average temperature (V12001), the extreme maximum temperature (V12011), the extreme maximum temperature (V12011_001), the extreme minimum temperature (V12012), the extreme minimum temperature (V12012_002), average temperature anomaly (V12201), average maximum temperature (V12211), average minimum temperature (V12212), average relative humidity (V13003), minimum relative humidity (V13007), minimum relative humidity occurrence date (V13007_001), precipitation Amount (V13011), daily precipitation> = 0.1mm days (V13011_000), maximum daily precipitation (V13052), maximum daily precipitation (V13052_001), percentage of precipitation anomaly (V13212), average wind speed (V11002), polar High wind speed (V11041), the day when the maximum wind speed appears (V11041_001), the maximum wind speed (V11042), the wind direction of the maximum wind speed (V11043), the wind direction of the maximum wind speed (V11212), the maximum wind speed Today (V11212_001), hours of sunshine (V14032), percentage of sunshine (V14033). Ⅳ. Data usage description In terms of resources and environment, meteorological data is used to simulate the regional climate change and runoff, sediment, water and soil loss and vegetation change in the basin, and it is also a necessary input condition for remote sensing inversion.

0 2020-03-29

Standard weather station diurnal data of the Yellow River’s Upstream (1952-2011)

Ⅰ. Overview This dataset contains daily meteorological data for the upper Yellow River and its surroundings from 1952 to 2011. Standard station data includes 15 elements: average pressure, maximum pressure, minimum pressure, average temperature, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, precipitation, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed and direction, Maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed and direction and sunshine hours. Ⅱ. Data processing description The data is stored as integers, the temperature unit is (0.1 ° C) value, the precipitation unit is (0.1 mm), and it is stored as an ASCII text file. Ⅲ. Data content description Standard station data. All meteorological elements are stored in one text. V0100 indicates the station number, v04001 indicates the year, v04002 indicates the month, v04003 indicates the day, v10004 indicates the average pressure, v10201 indicates the maximum pressure, v10202 indicates the minimum pressure, and v12001 indicates the average temperature. v12052 indicates the highest temperature, v12053 indicates the lowest temperature, v13003 indicates the average relative humidity, v13007 indicates the minimum relative humidity, v13201 indicates the precipitation, v11002 indicates the average wind speed, v11042 maximum wind speed, v11212 indicates the maximum wind speed and direction, v11041 indicates the maximum wind speed, and v11043 indicates Extreme wind speed and direction, v14032 represents sunshine hours. Ⅳ. Data usage description In terms of resources and environment, meteorological data is used to simulate the regional climate change and runoff, sediment, water and soil loss and vegetation change in the basin, and it is also a necessary input condition for remote sensing inversion.

0 2020-03-29

China meteorological forcing dataset (1979-2015)

The Chinese regional surface meteorological element data set is a set of near-surface meteorological and environmental element reanalysis data set developed by the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set is based on the existing Princeton reanalysis data, GLDAS data, GEWEX-SRB radiation data and TRMM precipitation data in the world, and is made by combining the conventional meteorological observation data of China Meteorological Administration. The temporal resolution is 3 hours and the horizontal spatial resolution is 0.1, including 7 factors (variables) including near-surface air temperature, near-surface air pressure, near-surface air specific humidity, near-surface full wind speed, ground downward short wave radiation, ground downward long wave radiation and ground precipitation rate. The physical meaning of each variable: | Meteorological Element || Variable Name || Unit || Physical Meaning | near-surface temperature ||temp|| K || instantaneous near-surface (2m) temperature | surface pressure || pres|| Pa || instantaneous surface pressure | specific humidity of near-surface air || shum || kg/ kg || instantaneous specific humidity of near-surface air | near ground full wind speed || wind || m /s || instantaneous near ground (anemometer height) full wind speed | downward short wave radiation || srad || W/m2 || 3-hour average (-1.5 HR ~+1.5 HR) downward short wave radiation | Downward Long Wave Radiation ||lrad ||W/m2 ||3-hour Average (-1.5 hr ~+1.5 hr) Downward Long Wave Radiation | precipitation rate ||prec||mm/hr ||3-hour average (-3.0 HR ~ 0.0 HR) precipitation rate For more information, please refer to the "User's Guide for China Meteorological Al Forcing Dataset" published with the data. The main changes in the latest version (01.06.0014) are: 1. Extend the data to December 2015 (except for short-wave and long-wave data, only until October 2015; the data from November to December 2015 are interpolated based on GLDAS data, and the error may be too large); 2. Set the minimum wind speed at 0.05 m/s; 3. Fixed a bug in the previous radiation algorithm to make our short wave and long wave data more reasonable in the morning and evening periods. 4. bug of precipitation data has been corrected, and the period involved in the change is 2011-2015.

0 2020-03-28

Monthly average humidity of Heihe river basin (1961-2010)

Based on the data information provided by the data management center of Heihe project, the daily humidity data of 21 regular meteorological observation stations in Heihe River Basin and its surrounding areas and 13 national reference stations around Heihe River were collected and calculated. The spatial stability analysis is carried out to calculate the coefficient of variation. If the coefficient of variation is greater than 100%, the geographical weighted regression is used to calculate the relationship between the station and the geographical terrain factors, and the monthly humidity distribution trend is obtained; if the coefficient of variation is less than or equal to 100%, the common least square regression is used to calculate the relationship between the station humidity value and the geographical terrain factors (latitude, longitude, elevation, slope, aspect, etc.) The residual after removing the trend was fitted and corrected by HASM (high accuracy surface modeling method). Finally, the monthly average humidity distribution of the Heihe River Basin in 1961-2010 is obtained by adding the trend surface results and the residual correction results. Time resolution: monthly average humidity for many years from 1961 to 2010. Spatial resolution: 500M.

0 2020-03-28