Spatial distribution of measured salinity of lakes on TP

Lake salinity is an important parameter of lake water environment, an important embodiment of water resources, and an important part of climate change research. This data is based on the measured salinity data of lakes in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The salinity is characterized by the practical salinity unit (PSU), which is converted from the specific conductivity (SPC) measured by the conductivity sensor. ArcGIS software was used to convert the measured data into space vector format. SHP format, and the measured salinity spatial distribution data file was obtained. The data can be used as the basic data of lake environment, hydrology, water ecology, water resources and other related research reference.

0 2021-06-11

In-situ water quality parameters of the lakes on the Tibetan Plateau (2009-2020)

This dataset provides the in-situ lake water parameters of 124 closed lakes with a total lake area of 24,570 km2, occupying 53% of the total lake area of the TP.These in-situ water quality parameters include water temperature, salinity, pH,chlorophyll-a concentration, blue-green algae (BGA) concentration, turbidity, dissolved oxygen (DO), fluorescent dissolved organic matter (fDOM), and water clarity of Secchi Depth (SD).

0 2021-06-11

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (Large aperture scintillometer of A'rou Superstation, 2020)

This dataset contains the flux measurements from the large aperture scintillometer (LAS) at Arou Superstation in the Heihe integrated observatory network from January 18 to December 31 in 2020. There were two types of LASs at Arou Superstation: BLS900 and RR-RSS460, produced by Germany and China, respectively. The north tower was set up with the RR-RSS460 receiver and the BLS900 transmitter, and the south tower was equipped with the RR-RSS460 transmitter and the BLS900 receiver. The site (north: 100.471° E, 38.057° N; south: 100.457° E, 38.038° N) was located in Caodaban village of A’rou town in Qilian county, Qinghai Province. The underlying surface between the two towers was alpine meadow. The elevation is 3033 m. The effective height of the LASs was 13.0 m, and the path length was 2390 m. The data were sampled 1 minute at both BLS900 and RR-RSS460. The raw data acquired at 1 min intervals were processed and quality controlled. The data were subsequently averaged over 30 min periods, in which sensible heat flux was iteratively calculated by combining Cn2 with meteorological data according to the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. The main quality control steps were as follows: (1) The data were rejected when Cn2 exceeded the saturated criterion (BLS900: Cn2>7.25E-14, RR-RSS460: Cn2>7.84E-14). (2) The data were rejected when the demodulation signal was small (BLS900: Average X Intensity<1000; RR-RSS460: Demod>-20mv). (3) The data were rejected when collected during precipitation. (4) The data were rejected if collected at night when weak turbulence occurred (u* was less than 0.1 m/s). In the iteration process, the universal functions of Thiermann and Grassl (1992) and Andreas (1988) were selected for BLS900 and RR-RSS460, respectively. Detailed can refer to Liu et al. (2011, 2013). Due to instrument adjustment and inadequate power supply, the date of missing data for the large aperture scintillator is:2020.09.25-2020.10.16. Several instructions were included with the released data. (1) The data were primarily obtained from BLS900 measurements, and missing flux measurements from the BLS900 instrument were substituted with measurements from the RR-RSS460 instrument. The missing data were denoted by -6999. Due to the problems of storing and wireless transmission. (2) The dataset contained the following variables: Date/time (yyyy/m/d h:mm), the structural parameter of the air refractive index (Cn2, m-2/3), and the sensible heat flux (H, W/m^2). In this dataset, a time of 0:30 corresponds to the average data for the period between 0:00 and 0:30, and the data were stored in *.xlsx format. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) (for data processing) in the Citation section.

0 2021-06-11

Terrestrial evapotranspiration dataset across China (1982-2017)

This dataset (version 1.5) is derived from the complementary-relationship method, with inputs of CMFD downward short- and long-wave radiation, air temperature, air pressure, GLASS albedo and broadband longwave emissivity, ERA5-land land surface temperature and humidity, and NCEP diffuse skylight ratio, etc. This dataset covers the period of 1982-2017, and the spatial coverage is Chinese land area. This dataset would be helpful for long-term hydrological cycle and climate change research. Land surface actual evapotranspiration (Ea),unit: mm month-1. The spatial resolution is 0.1-degree; The temporal resolution is monthly; The data type is NetCDF; This evapotranspiration dataset is only for land surface.

0 2021-06-10

Total organic carbon, total nitrogen and total inorganic carbon in surface sediments of Qinghai Lake (2017)

In 2017, 27 surface sediments were collected in Qinghai Lake by gravity sampler, and the top 1cm was taken as the surface layer, which was freeze-dried and ground into powder after being taken back to the laboratory. Before testing the content of organic carbon and nitrogen, 1mol / L hydrochloric acid should be used to stir the reaction for more than 10 hours, so that the carbonate is completely removed, then dried and ground, and the organic carbon and nitrogen are tested on the element analyzer. The total inorganic carbon content is the carbonate content of the whole rock powder sample measured by infrared spectrum, which is then calculated as the total inorganic carbon content. The contents of organic carbon and inorganic carbon constitute the total carbon content of the lake, and they are close to each other, indicating that the inorganic carbon burial flux and organic carbon burial flux of Qinghai Lake are similar.

0 2021-06-10

In-situ measurement data set (2019) of the soil moisture and temperature wireless sensor network within the Shandian River Basin

This data set contains in-situ measurements of soil moisture, soil temperature and precipitation at 34 stations from a wireless Soil Moisture Network within the ShanDian River basin (referred to as the SMN-SDR hereafter). The coverage of entire network is about 10,000 km2 (115.5-116.5°E, 41.5-42.5°N). The topography of the SMN-SDR is relatively flat, and land surfaces are typically dominated by grasslands and croplands. A total of 34 stations are set up in the network with three sampling scales including 100 km (large scale), 50 km (medium scale), and 10 km (small scale). The soil moisture sensors used are Decagon 5TM with five measuring depths (3, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cm) installed for each station. Of the 34 station, there are 20 stations equipped with HOBO rain gauges. Undisturbed soil samples at each layer of soil for each station was taken to analyze the gravimetric/volumetric water content, bulk density, and soil texture for a further specific calibration. The power supply is provided by solar panels and all data can be transmitted wirelessly to a server. The sampling interval of the data recording time is 10 (before June 2019) or 15 minutes (after June 2019). This network can improve the comprehensive observation capabilities of key water cycle parameters in the ShanDian River basin and provide long-term ground reference data for satellite- and model-based soil moisture products.

0 2021-06-09

Daily MODIS-based Land Surface Evapotranspiration Dataset of 2020 in Qilian Mountain Area (ETHi-merge V1.0)

This dataset contains daily land surface evapotranspiration products of 2020 in Qilian Mountain area. It has 0.01 degree spatial resolution. The dataset was produced based on Gaussian Process Regression (GPR) method by fusing six satellite-derived evapotranspiration products including RS-PM (Mu et al., 2011), SW (Shuttleworth and Wallace., 1985), PT-JPL (Fisher et al., 2008), MS-PT (Yao et al., 2013), SEMI-PM (Wang et al., 2010a) and SIM (Wang et al.2008). The input variables for the evapotranspiration products include MODIS products, MERRA meteorological data, and China Meteorological Forcing Dataset.

0 2021-06-09

In-situ measurement data set (2018) of the soil moisture and temperature wireless sensor network within the Shandian River Basin

This data set contains in-situ measurements of soil moisture, soil temperature and precipitation at 34 stations from a wireless Soil Moisture Network within the ShanDian River basin (referred to as the SMN-SDR hereafter). The coverage of entire network is about 10,000 km2 (115.5-116.5°E, 41.5-42.5°N). The topography of the SMN-SDR is relatively flat, and land surfaces are typically dominated by grasslands and croplands. A total of 34 stations are set up in the network with three sampling scales including 100 km (large scale), 50 km (medium scale), and 10 km (small scale). The soil moisture sensors used are Decagon 5TM with five measuring depths (3, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cm) installed for each station. Of the 34 station, there are 20 stations equipped with HOBO rain gauges. Undisturbed soil samples at each layer of soil for each station was taken to analyze the gravimetric/volumetric water content, bulk density, and soil texture for a further specific calibration. The power supply is provided by solar panels and all data can be transmitted wirelessly to a server. The sampling interval of the data recording time is 10 (before June 2019) or 15 minutes (after June 2019). This network can improve the comprehensive observation capabilities of key water cycle parameters in the ShanDian River basin and provide long-term ground reference data for satellite- and model-based soil moisture products.

0 2021-06-09

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Heihe integrated observatory network (eddy covariance system of mixed forest station, 2020)

This dataset contains the flux measurements from the mixed forest station eddy covariance system (EC) in the downstream reaches of the Heihe integrated observatory network from January 1 to December 31 in 2020. The site (101.1335° E, 41.9903° N) was located in the Sidaoqiao County, in Ejina Banner in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region . The elevation is 874 m. The EC was installed at a height of 3.2 m, and the sampling rate was 10 Hz. The sonic anemometer faced north, and the separation distance between the sonic anemometer and the CO2/H2O gas analyzer (CSAT3B & Li7500DS) was 0.17 m. The raw data acquired at 10 Hz were processed using the Eddypro post-processing software, including the spike detection, lag correction of H2O/CO2 relative to the vertical wind component, sonic virtual temperature correction, coordinate rotation (2-D rotation), corrections for density fluctuation (Webb-Pearman-Leuning correction), and frequency response correction. The EC data were subsequently averaged over 30 min periods. The observation data quality was divided into three classes according to the quality assessment method of stationarity (Δst) and the integral turbulent characteristics test (ITC): class 1-3 (high quality), class 4-6 (good), class 7-8 (poor, better than gap filling data), class9 (rejected). In addition to the above processing steps, the half-hourly flux data were screened in a four-step procedure: (1) data from periods of sensor malfunction were rejected; (2) data collected before or after 1 h of precipitation were rejected; (3) incomplete 30 min data were rejected when the missing data constituted more than 10% of the 30 min raw record. There were 48 records per day, and the missing data were replaced with -6999. Suspicious data were marked in red. The water vapor density data were rejected when the negative values occurred. Data during May 8 to 20, 2020 were missing due to instrument malfunction. The released data contained the following variables: data/time, wind direction (Wdir, °), wind speed (Wnd, m/s), the standard deviation of the lateral wind (Std_Uy, m/s), virtual temperature (Tv, ℃), H2O mass density (H2O, g/m3), CO2 mass density (CO2, mg/m3), friction velocity (ustar, m/s), stability (L), sensible heat flux (Hs, W/m2), latent heat flux (LE, W/m2), carbon dioxide flux (Fc, mg/ (m2s)), quality assessment of the sensible heat flux (QA_Hs), quality assessment of the latent heat flux (QA_LE), and quality assessment of the carbon flux (QA_Fc). In this dataset, the time of 0:30 corresponds to the average data for the period between 0:00 and 0:30; the data were stored in *.xls format. Detailed information can be found in the suggested references. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) for data processing) in the Citation section.

0 2021-06-09

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0 2021-06-08