In the lower reaches of Tarim River, groundwater is the only water source to maintain the survival of natural vegetation. The change of groundwater level directly affects the growth and decline of plants and controls the evolution and composition of plant communities. Strengthening the research on chemical characteristics of groundwater is an important content of water resources quality evaluation, which is of great significance to the utilization mode, sustainable development, management and protection and construction of ecological environment of watershed water resources. At fixed points and on a regular basis, 40 groundwater level monitoring wells in the lower reaches of the Tarim River were collected with groundwater samples, sealed and sent to the laboratory for chemical analysis. The analysis content includes 13 indexes including salinity, pH, CO3=, HCO3-, Cl-, SO4=, Ca++, Mg++, Na+, K+, etc. The analysis methods are as follows: (1) Salinity: gravimetric method; (2) Total alkalinity, HCO3- and CO3=: double indicator titration; (3) Cl-: silver nitrate titration; (4) SO4 =: EDTA volumetric method and barium chromate photometric method; (5) Total hardness: EDTA volumetric method; (6) Ca++, Mg++: EDTA volumetric method and atomic absorption spectrophotometry;
In the lower reaches of Tarim River, groundwater is the only water source to maintain the survival of natural vegetation. The change of groundwater level directly affects the growth and decline of plants and controls the evolution and composition of plant communities. Strengthening the research on chemical characteristics of groundwater is an important content of water resources quality evaluation, which is of great significance to the utilization mode, sustainable development, management and protection and construction of ecological environment of watershed water resources. Groundwater level data: In order to understand the change of groundwater level in the process of water conveyance in the lower reaches of the Tarim River, nine groundwater monitoring sections (Figure 1) have been established along the water conveyance channel of the lower reaches of the Tarim River-Qiwenkuoer River. Each section has a spacing of about 20 km. Below Daxi Haizi Reservoir, there are 9 sections such as Akdun (A), Yahefu Mahan (B), Yingsu (C), Abodah Le (D), Khaldayi (E), Tuguemaile (F) and Arakan (G), Yigan Buma (H) and Kaogan (1). Among them, the spacing of the last three sections is 45 km. In the horizontal direction, one underground water level monitoring well (well depth 8-17 m) is arranged at intervals of 100 m or 200 m in each section, and a total of 40 underground water monitoring wells are arranged to monitor the underground water level, water and salt dynamic changes and the influence range on the underground water level in each section during the water delivery process to the lower reaches of Tarim River. The monitoring frequency is once a month, and the monitoring frequency is increased during the water delivery process. Groundwater level data are monitored by conductivity method. Observation sections include: 1. Akerdun Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 2. Yahefu Mahan Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 3. Yingsu Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 4. Abodah-Le Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 5. Karadayi Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 6. Tuguemaile Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 7. Arakan Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River 8. The lower reaches of Tarim River are not as good as the Ma section 9. Kaogan Section in Lower Reaches of Tarim River
The data format is word table, and the monitoring indexes include: Na +, K +, Mg2 +, Ca2 +, Sr2 + (ppb), Ba2 + (ppb), F -, Cl -, Br -, NO3 -, hpo42 -, SO42 -, HCO3 -. Sampling points include: zhangshandi well water, Maocun, Shanwan clastic rock CF1, langshiunderground River, Shanwan laolongshui, jilaigushuxia No.1 spring, jilaigushu2 spring, jilaigushu3 spring, jilaigushu, jilaigusho, etc.
This data is from the central station of environmental monitoring in gansu province. The data includes three observation elements that are disclosed on the network, namely PH, permanganate index and ammonia nitrogen. The data format is a text file. The first column is the city name, the second column is PH, the third column is permanganate index, the fourth column is ammonia nitrogen, and the fifth column is the observation date. The data include 6 sections of gushuizi, niubei village, wufo temple, shichuan bridge, xincheng bridge and bikou. Gansu section of the Yellow River: xincheng bridge (lanzhou upstream section), shichuan bridge (lanzhou - baiyin junction section), wufo temple (gansu-ningxia junction section), niubei village (gansu-shaanxi junction section).Bailong river wudu section :(section of gushuizi village). Lanzhou city bridge automatic water quality monitoring station is located in xigu district, lanzhou city, gansu province.Point coordinates 103 degrees 35 minutes 02 seconds east longitude, 36 degrees 07 minutes 20 seconds north latitude.Yellow River system (Yellow River main stream), state - controlled provincial boundary section.By lanzhou city environmental monitoring station custody.It's 35 kilometers away.Built in March 2001. PH: the index that characterizes the acidity and alkalinity of water. When the pH value is 7, it is neutral, less than 7 is acidic, and greater than 7 is alkaline.The pH value of natural surface water is generally between 6 and 9. When algae grow in the water, they absorb carbon dioxide due to photosynthesis, resulting in an increase in surface pH value. Permanganate index (CODMn) : the amount consumed when treating surface water samples with potassium permanganate as the oxidant, expressed as mg/L of oxygen.Under these conditions, reductive inorganic substances (ferrous salts, sulphides, etc.) and organic pollutants in water can consume potassium permanganate, which is often used as a comprehensive indicator of the degree of surface water pollution by organic pollutants.Also known as the chemical oxygen demand potassium permanganate method, as distinct from the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the potassium dichromate method, which is often used to monitor wastewater discharge. Ammonia nitrogen (nh3-n) : ammonia nitrogen exists in water in the form of dissolved ammonia (also known as free ammonia, NH3) and ammonium salt (NH4+). The ratio of the two depends on the pH value and water temperature of the water, and the content of ammonia nitrogen is expressed by the amount of N element.The main sources of ammonia nitrogen in the water are domestic sewage and some industrial wastewater (such as coking and ammonia synthesis industry) and surface runoff (mainly refers to the fertilizer used in farmland entering rivers, lakes, etc.). This data will be updated automatically and continuously according to the data source.
The runoff record of Pailugou watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, dated from January 2011 to September 2012. The data measuring device is the measuring weir at the exit of the small watershed, the unit of the data is m³/day.
1、 Data description Data include doc values of river water and soil water at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from May to September 2013. The sampling frequency is once a week. 2、 Sampling location The river water sampling point is located at the outlet flow weir of hulugou Small Watershed at the upper reaches of Heihe River, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The soil water sampling point is located at the lower soil profile 300m above the No.2 meteorological station, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 31.333 ″ E and 38 ° 13 ′ 50.637 ″ n 3、 Test method The doc value of the sample was determined by analytikjena multi n / C 3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester.
1. Data Overview: This data includes groundwater buried depth observation datal from 4 observation points in Ganzhou District of Zhangye Basin in the middle reaches of the Heihe River (The nursery garden of Xindun Town, Suijia temple of Xindun Town, the Wuzhi management house of Dangzhai Town, Shangqin Station of Shangqin Town). The data was obtained from July 12, 2012 to July 5,2014. 2. Data Content: The HOBO water level sensor is installed in the underground well, which is mainly used to monitor the dynamic change of groundwater level in Ganzhou District of Zhangye. The data contents are absolute air pressure (kPa), temperature (°C), and groundwater depth (m). The data was recorded hourly. 3. Time and Space Range: The geographical coordinates of the nursery garden well of Xindun Town (1559 m) : Longitude 100°20.8′E; Latitude: 38°54′N; The geographical coordinates of Suijia temple well of Xindun Town(1518 m) : Longitude: 100°23.9′E; Latitude: 38°54.1′N; The geographical coordinates of Wuzhi management house well of Dangzhai Town (1675 m): Longitude: 100°30.7′E; Latitude: 38°52.8′N; The geographical coordinates of Shangqin Station well of Shangqin Town(1480 m): Longitude: 100°31.7′E; Latitude: 38°54.5′N. Note: The number in brackets is elevation.
The data set is the lake distribution map of the qaidam river basin, with a scale of 250,000, projection: longitude and latitude, data including spatial data and attribute data, lake attribute fields: NAME (NAME of the lake), CODE (CODE of the lake).
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of cryospheric data over China. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, and provide parameters and verification data for the development of response and feedback models of permafrost, glacier and snow cover to global changes under GIS framework. On the other hand, the system collates and rescues valuable cryospheric data to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and analysis tool. Chinese Cryospheric Information System selected three regions with different spatial scales as its main research areas to highlight the research focus. The research area along the Qinghai-Tibet highway is mainly about 700 kilometers long from Xidatan to Naqu, and 20 to 30 kilometers wide on both sides of the highway. The datasets of the Tibetan highway contains the following types of data: 1. Cryosphere data.Including: snow depth distribution. 2. Natural environment and resources.Include: Digital elevation topography (DEM) : elevation elevation, elevation zoning, slope and slope direction; Fundamental geology: Quatgeo 3. Boreholes: drilling data of 200 boreholes along the qinghai-tibet highway. Engineering geological profile (CAD) : lithologic distribution, water content, grain fraction data, etc 4. Model of glacier mass equilibrium distribution along qinghai-tibet highway: prediction of frozen soil grid data. The graphic data along the qinghai-tibet highway includes 13 map scales of 1:250,000.The grid size is 100×100m. For details, please refer to the documents (in Chinese): "Chinese Cryospheric Information System design. Doc", "Chinese Cryospheric Information System data dictionary. Doc", "Database of the Tibetan highway. Doc".
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese Cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, to provide parameters and validation data for the development of response and feedback model of frozen soil, glacier and snow cover to global change under GIS framework; on the other hand, it is to systemically sort out and rescue valuable cryospheric data, to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and division for it Analysis tools. The basic datasets of the Tibet Plateau mainly takes the Tibetan Plateau as the research region, ranging from longitude 70 -- 105 ° east and latitude 20 -- 40 ° north, containing the following types of data: 1. Cryosphere data. Includes: Permafrost type (Frozengd), (Fromap); Snow depth distribution (Snowdpt) Quatgla (Quatgla) 2. Natural environment and resources. Includes: Terrain: elevation, elevation zoning, slope, slope direction (DEM); Hydrology: surface water (Stram_line), (Lake); Basic geology: Quatgeo, Hydrogeo; Surface properties: Vegetat; 4. Climate data: temperature, surface temperature, and precipitation. 3. Socio-economic resources (Stations) : distribution of meteorological Stations on the Tibetan Plateau and it surrounding areas. 4. Response model of plateau permafrost to global change (named "Fgmodel"): permafrost distribution data in 2009, 2049 and 2099 were projected. Please refer to the following documents (in Chinese): "Design of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.doc", "Datasheet of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.DOC", "Database of the Tibetan Plateau.DOC" and "Database of the Tibetan Plateau 2.DOC".