This dataset includes component temperatures measured by the thermal infrared (TIR) radiometers at the Mixed Forest and Sidaoqiao stations between 22 July, 2014 and 19 July, 2016. The Mixed Forest (101.1335 °E, 41.9903 °N, 874 m.a.s.l.) and Sidaoqiao (101.1374 °E, 42.0012 °N, 873 m.a.s.l.) stations were located in the downstream of the Heihe River basin, Dalaihubu Town, Ejin Banner, Inner Mongolia. At the Mixed Forest station, two TIR radiometers (SI-111, Apogee Instruments Inc., USA) connected to a data logger (CR800, Campbell Scientific Inc., USA) measured component temperatures of the sunlit canopy and shaded canopy. TIR radiometers were mounted horizontally at 5 m height on iron rods just south and north of a tree and pointed to its canopy. The distance from the sensor to the canopy was ~1 m. At the Sidaoqiao station, two SI-111 TIR radiometers connected to a CR800 data logger measured component temperatures of the soil and shrub. The first sensor pointed from 2 m height under a viewing zenith angle of 45° to bare soil; the second sensor was mounted at 1-m height and pointed horizontally into the shrub canopy.
This dataset includes component temperatures measured by the thermal imager at the Mixed Forest and Sidaoqiao stations between 23 July and 18 August, 2014. The Mixed Forest (101.1335 °E, 41.9903 °N, 874 m.a.s.l.) and Sidaoqiao (101.1374 °E, 42.0012 °N, 873 m.a.s.l.) stations were located in the downstream of the Heihe River basin, Dalaihubu Town, Ejin Banner, Inner Mongolia. At the Mixed Forest station, a Testo 890-2 thermal imager (Testo Inc., Germany) with a resolution of 640 × 480 pixels was employed to acquire brightness temperature images. The imager was manually operated from a 10-m height platform of the tower between 10:00-16:00 (China Standard Time, CST) with an observation interval of 1-h on cloudless days. On August 4th observations were acquired between 11:00 and 17:00 at an interval of 10-min to match observations acquired with an airborne TIR imager. The ground based imager was pointed to five viewing directions (southeast-SE, east-E, northeast-NE, northwest-NW, and southwest-SW) and was inclined 25°–45° below the horizon depending on viewing direction. At Sidaoqiao station, a Testo 875-2i imager (Testo Inc., Germany) with a resolution of 160 × 120 pixels was manually operated from a 10-m high platform to acquire brightness temperature images in directions SW, SE, NE, and NW. Depending on the targets in each viewing direction, the imager was inclined to 30°–45° below the horizon. Observations at Sidaoqiao and Mixed Forest stations were almost synchronous. Furthermore, visible images were taken simultaneously with the aforementioned two TIR imagers (2048 × 1536 pixels for Testo 890-2 and 640 × 480 pixels for Testo 875-2i).
The dataset of ground truth measurements synchronizing with EO-1 Hyperion was obtained in the Yingke oasis foci experimental area from Sep. 5 to Sep. 10, 2007 during the pre-observation period. It was carried out by the 6th sub-project of Chinese State Key Basic Research Project along Zhangye city-Yingke oasis-Huazhaizi, and on the very day of 10, one scene was captured. The key site in the forest hydrology experimental area and the upper stream arid region hydrology experimental area of the Heihe river basin was chosen. It mainly included vicinity of Linze township and that of Zhangye city. The observation items were the forest, the farmland (with patches of single vegetation), the grassland (with patches of single vegetation) and the bare land, all with an area of at least 90m×90m. 42 points were selected, including maize with ears and maize without ears, the beet, the cabbage and the pea. For another observation aim, the relationship between soil reflectance and the metallic element content, 49 bare land points were selected, and biochemical parameters including chlorophyll consistency, the leaf area, water content (green weight and dry weight), and LAI were measured by GARMIN GPS 76. The data were archived as .txt files. (1) chlorophyll consistency both by portable SPAD and by acetone method, archived as .txt files (2) the leaf area by LI-3000 and by LAI-2000 respectively, archived as .txt files (3) photosynthesis by LI-6400 from Institute of Remote Sensing Applications. Raw data were archived in the user-defined format (by notepat.exe) and processed data were as Excel files. (4) ground object reflectance spectra by ASD FieldSpec (350～2500 nm) from Institute of Remote Sensing Applications. The reference grey board was used. The maize canopy reflectance was collected at the height of 3m with the help of bamboo poles. Soil reflectance (bare land preferred) was measured at three points by the same way at a hight of 40cm.. Raw data were binary files direct from ASD (by ViewSpecPro), which were recorded daily in detail, and pre-processed data on reflectance were in .txt format. (5) radiometric calibration by ASD FieldSpec (350～2500 nm) from Remote Sensing Institute. The reference grey board was used. The cement playground of Hexi University was chosen as the bright target and the dark water target was chosen in a park in Zhangye city. Raw data were binary files direct from ASD (by ViewSpecPro), which were recorded daily in detail, and pre-processed data on reflectance were in .txt format. This data set provides reliable ground data for developing and validating retrieval methods of biophysical parameters from EO-1 Hyperion images.