This data set is the water resources data of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau from 1990 to 2010, which is the sum of renewable surface and groundwater resources. The data is in vector format and the spatial resolution is in the scale of prefecture level administrative units. The data is obtained by checking the results of VIC (variable injection capacity) hydrological model. The simulated water resources are the sum of the surface runoff and underground runoff in the output results of hydrological simulation. The simulation results are verified by comparing with the runoff data of the measured stations. According to the statistics of water resources at the provincial level in China water resources bulletin, a correction coefficient α is introduced at the provincial level, so that the product of water resources and α in the hydrological model simulation province is equal to the statistics of water resources. Then the amount of water resources in the administrative unit is the product of the total amount of water resources and α.
The gridded desertification risk data in Central-Western Asia was calculated based on the environmentally sensitive area index (ESAI) methodology. The ESAI approach incorporates soil, vegetation, climate and management quality and is one of the most widely used approaches for monitoring desertification risk. Based on the ESAI framework, fourteen indicators were chosen to consider four quality domains. Each quality index was calculated from several indicator parameters. The value of each parameter was categorized into several classes, the thresholds of which were determined according to previous studies. Then, sensitivity scores between 1 (lowest sensitivity) and 2 (highest sensitivity) were assigned to each class based on the importance of the class’ role in land sensitivity to desertification and the relationships of each class to the onset of the desertification process or irreversible degradation. A more comprehensive description of how the indicators are related to desertification risk and scores is provided in the studies of Kosmas (Kosmas et al., 2013; Kosmas et al., 1999). The main indicator datasets were acquired from the Harmonized World Soil Database of the Food and Agriculture Organization, Climate Change Initiative (CCI) land cover of the European Space Agency and NOAA’s Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data. The raster datasets of all parameters were resampled to 1km and temporally assembled to the yearly values. Despite the difficulty of validating a composite index, two indirect validations of desertification risk were conducted according to the spatial and temporal comparison of ESAI values, including a quantitative analysis of the relationship between the ESAI and land use change between sparse vegetation and grasslands and a quantitative analysis of the relationship between the ESAI and net primary production (NPP). The verification results indicated that the desertification risk data is reliable in Central-Western Asia.
This data includes future population and GDP estimates based on the SSP2 scenario at the Mekong basin grid scale. The data comes from the global population projection data with a spatial resolution of 5 minutes (about 10km) and the GDP projection data with a spatial resolution of 0.5 degrees (about 50km) provided by the ISIMIP. The method of spatial interpolation is used to get 0.25-degree population projection data from 5-min population projection, and 0.5-degree GDP projection data is downscaled to obtain the 0.25 degree GDP data. The data provided by ISIMIP has passed the data with good quality control, and has not been further verified after data interpolation. The data can be used for the socio-economic impact assessment of climate change and extreme climate events in the Mekong River Basin.
This dataset contains cultivated land and impermeable surface products in Qilian Mountain key Area from 1990 to 2015 every 5 years. The dataset came from land cover products in Qilian Mountain key Area.
The data are construction land index of countries along the "the Belt and Road" in 2010 and 2015, also known as the construction land rate. It refers to the proportion of land used for construction in the total land area, including land for urban and rural housing and public facilities, land for industrial and mining purposes, land for energy, transportation, water conservancy, communications and other infrastructure, land for tourism and land for military purposes. The data come from the international statistics website. The area of construction land and relevant land that it had provided, divide the result of total land area of the country to get. It reflects the degree of development of a country's land area and the intensity of infrastructure development. At the same time, its value is also closely related to the national and regional economic development level, population density, urban residential density, traffic network density and so on. In the coordinated development of "the Belt and Road", they can provide important reference for the planning and implementation of national policies and programs, so as to accelerate the economic development of all countries.
This dataset includes the concentrations and spatial pattern of mercury (Hg) in the foliage of the local tree species over the easteran and the southern Tibetan Plateau. Fifty-three leaf samples were collected, and cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrophotometry (CVAFS) was used to analyse the Hg contents. The limit of detection (LOD) for this method is 1.8 ng/g. The standard reference material, foliage GB GSW-11, which is supplied by National Institute of Metrology P.R.China, was also analyzed for assessing the accuracy of this method, and the recoveries of this method were 94.6%±9.7%. This dataset will provide the informations of foliage absoprtion to Hg over the Tibetan Plateau.
The data includes 30 items of data in four categories: basic information, comprehensive economy, agriculture and industry, education, health and social security in Qinghai Province and Tibet Autonomous Region. It covers the basic data reflecting human activities, such as population, employees, industrial output value, agricultural machinery power, facility agriculture, etc. of the main county administrative units of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The data are sorted out according to the statistical yearbook data of China's counties from 2001 to 2018. For the convenience of application, the data of Qinghai and Tibet are independently tabulated and included in the data of each year. The data can be used to analyze human activities and social and economic development in the county, as well as agricultural and rural development and change process.
This data set contains 2018 global forest fire case data for the whole year and 2019, including the forest fire in California in November 2018, the forest fire in Attica, Greece in July 2018, and the forest fire in Shanxi Province in March 2019. Case data. Specific data include: fire intensity data of the monitoring range and data of vegetation index changes before and after the disaster. The data set is mainly used to describe the occurrence, development, impact and recovery of major global forest fire events in the first half of 2018-2019. The data mainly comes from NASA official website and EM-DAT database, it was processed by statistical and spatial analysis methods using EXCEL and ArcGIS tools. The data source is reliable, the processing method is scientific and rigorous, and it can be effectively applied to global (forest fire) disaster case analysis research.
Based on 2015 ESA global land cover data (ESA GlobCover, 300 m grid), combined with the tsinghua university global land cover data (FROM GLC, 30 m grid)、NASA MODIS global land cover data (MCD12Q1, 300 m grid)、the United States Geological Survey (USGS global land data (GFSAD30, 30 m)、Japanese global forest data (PALSAR/PALSAR - 2, 25 m),we build the LUC classification system in the Belt and Road’s region and the rest of the data transformation rules of the classification system.We also build the land cover classification confidence function and the rules of fusing land classification to finish the Integration and modification of land cover products and finally complet the land use data in the Belt and Road’s region V1.0(64 + 1 countries, 2015, 1 km x 1 km grid, the first level classification).
The dataset includes vector map of the lakes larger than 1k㎡ on Tibetan Plateau in 1970s, 1990, 2000, 2010. The lake boundry data was extracted from remote sensing image like Landsat MSS, TM, ETM+, by means of visual interpretation. The data type is vector data, and it's attribute class includes Area (km²). The Projected Coordinate System is Albers Conical Equal Area. It is mainly used in the study of changes in lakes, hydrological and meteorological on the Tibetan Plateau.