Datasets of key technologies and demonstration for vegetation restoration and reconstruction in desertification land of Amu darya valley(2019)

The Northwest Institute of Ec-Environment and Resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences organized a team of 9 and 5 people to carry out the research on "key technologies and demonstration for vegetation restoration and reconstruction in desertification land " from the middle and lower reaches of the Amu Darya River basin to the surrounding area of the Aral Sea from April 3, 2019 to April 30, 2019 and from September 16 to 28, 2019, respectively, and investigated the middle and lower reaches of the Amu Darya River basin to the surrounding area of the Aral Sea The site includes Tashkent, Samarkand, Navoi, Bukhara, Nukus, muinak, etc., with a total length of more than 4000 kilometers. It mainly conducts UAV low altitude remote sensing, plant community investigation, soil type, climate and soil moisture status comprehensive investigation in different degree of degradation desertification areas, and samples of plant, soil are taken. A total of 30 sample plots were investigated, and data sets of desertification degree and distribution characteristics, vegetation type and distribution, soil type and physical and chemical properties were obtained.

0 2021-08-09

Digital soil mapping dataset of hydrological parameters in the Heihe River Basin (2012)

According to the principle of soil landscape model, the key hydrological parameters spatial distribution map data products are made by digital soil mapping method. The source data of this data set comes from the soil profile data integrated by the major research plan integration project of Heihe River Basin (soil data integration and soil information product generation of Heihe River Basin, 91325301). Scope: Heihe River Basin; Projection: WGS · 1984 · Albers / Albers · conic · equal · area; Spatial resolution: 90m; Data format: TIFF; Data content: spatial distribution of saturated water content, field water capacity, wilting water content and saturated conductivity Prediction method: enhanced regression tree Environmental variables: main soil forming factors Dataset content: Pr_0kpsm.tif: saturated water content (unit:%) Pr_33kp SM. TIF: field capacity (unit:%) X1500kp sm.tif: wilting water content (unit:%) SHC sm.tif: saturated hydraulic conductivity (unit: KS / (mm · min-1))

0 2020-03-27

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0 2020-03-27

WATER: Dataset of forest structure parameter survey at the fixed sampling plot in the Pailugou watershed and Dayekou watershed foci experiment area (2003)

The main contents of this data set are forest, shrub and grassland sample plot survey data.The fixed samples are located in the drainage ditch valley of qilian mountain and the dayaokou valley where the hydrology observation and test site of the water source conservation forest research institute of gansu province is located. The information of the sample is as follows: Number elevation quadrat size longitude latitude surface type G1 2715 20 × 20 100 ° 17 '12 "38 ° 33' 29" qinghai spruce forest G2 2800 20×36 100°17 '07 "38°33' 27" moss spruce forest G3 2840 20×20 100°17 '37 "38°33' 05" moss spruce forest G4 2952 20 × 20 100 ° 17 '59 "38 ° 32' 47" qinghai spruce forest G5 3015 20 × 20 100 ° 18 '06 "38 ° 32' 42" qinghai spruce forest G6 3100 20 × 20 100 ° 18 '13 "38 ° 32' 31" thicket qinghai spruce forest G7 3300 23.5 × 20 thickets qinghai spruce forest G8 2800 20×20 100°13 '30 "38°33' 29" moss spruce forest B1 2700 12.8×25 moss spruce forest B2 2800 20×20 100°17 '38 "38°32' 59" moss spruce forest B3 2900 20×20 100°17 '59 "38°32' 51" grass spruce forest B4 3028 20×20 100°17 '59 "38°32' 39" moss spruce forest B5 3097 20×20 100°18 '02 "38°32' 32" moss spruce forest B6 3195 20 × 20 100 ° 18 '06 "38 ° 32' 25" qinghai spruce forest B7 2762 20 × 20 100 ° 17 '08 "38 ° 33' 21" qinghai spruce forest B8 2730 20×20 100°17 '06 "38°33' 27" moss spruce forest GM1 3690 5×5 100°18 '02 "38°32' 02" caragana scrub (middle) GM2 3690 5×5 100°18 '02 "38°32' 02" caragana scrub (rare) GM3 3700 5×5 100°18 '03 "38°32' 03" caragana + jilaliu shrub (dense) GM4 3600 5×5 100°18 '10 "38°32' 06" caragana + jila willow thicket (middle) GM5 3600 5×5 100°18 '10 "38°32' 06" caragana + jila willow shrub (sparse) GM6 3600 5×5 100°18 '10 "38°32' 06" caragana + jila willow thicket (dense) GM7 3500 5×5 100°18 '14 "38°32' 08" caragana + jila willow thicket (middle) GM8 3500 5×5 100°18 '14 "38°32' 08" caragana + jila willow thicket (dense) GM9 3500 5×5 100°18 '14 "38°32' 08" caragana + jila willow thicket (rare) GM10 3400 5×5 100°18 '18 "38°32' 12" golden pheasant scrub (rare) GM11 3400 5×5 100°18 '18 "38°32' 12" golden pheasant + golden raspberry shrub (dense) GM12 3400 5×5 100°18 '18 "38°32' 12" golden pheasant scrub (rare) GM13 3300 5 × 5 100 ° 18 '21 "38 ° 32' 21" giraliu thicket GM14 3300 5 × 5 100 ° 18 '21 "38 ° 32' 21" caragana + jila shrub GM15 3300 5 × 5 100 ° 18 '21 "38 ° 32' 21" caragana + jila shrub YC3 2700 1×1 100°17 '14 "38°33' 33" needle thatch field YC4 2750 1×1 100°17 '18 "38°33' 32" needle thatch field YC5 2800 1×1 100°17 '21 "38°33' 33" needle thatch field YC6 2850 1×1 100°17 '25 "38°33' 33" needle thatch field YC7 2900 1×1 100°17 '31 "38°33' 32" aster + needle thatch field YC8 2950 1×1 100°17 '44 "38°33' 23" needle thatch field YC9 2980 1×1 100°17 '48 "38°33' 25" needle thatch field The sample geodesic tree data were surveyed from July to August 2007.The survey included: 1. Basic survey of sample plots in drainage ditch basin: A) sample land setting: sample land number, elevation, slope direction, slope position, slope, soil layer thickness, sample land size, longitude and latitude, community type, soil type, operation status, age B) survey of each wood in the sample plots: sample plot number, tree number, tree species, tree classification, chest diameter, tree height, undershoot height, crown radius 2. Soil profile survey record sheet Including forest/vegetation status, major tree species, forest age, soil name, surface soil erosion, parent rock and material, drainage conditions, land use history, soil profile (soil layer, moisture, color, texture, structure, root system, gravel content) 3. Standard ground cover factor Standard land area, dominant tree species, stand/vegetation origin, elevation, slope direction, slope position, slope, cutting and utilization method, afforestation land preparation type, survey method, canopy coverage, living ground cover, dead cover cover, litter thickness (undivided strata, semi-decomposed layer, decomposed layer) 4. Canopy survey: 5. Draft quadrat (1m×1m) survey record sheet Including species name, number, coverage, average height 6. Results of determination of soil physical properties in source forest of qilian mountain (land sample survey) Contains the soil physical properties measurement process (+ wet mud weight aluminum box, aluminum box, soil moisture content, suddenly bulk density, etc.), bringing biomass measurement (total fresh weight of shrub and herb, fresh weight of sample, sample dry weight, etc.), litter dry weight (including mosses) layer and the largest capacity calculation process (of moss and litter thickness, total fresh weight, fresh weight of samples, the dry weight of the sample, soaking for 24 h after heavy, maximum water holding capacity, the largest water depth, the biggest hold water rate, maximum moisture capacity) 7. Bush sample survey: Including species name, number, coverage, average height 8. Standard sample land setting and questionnaire for each wooden inspection ruler Including tree species, tree classification, age, chest diameter, number of height, undershoot height, crown radius 9. Litter layer survey record sheet Including litter (decomposed layer, semi-decomposed layer, decomposed layer) thickness 10. Update survey records: Including tree species, natural regeneration (height <30cm, height 31-50cm, height >51cm), artificial regeneration (height <30cm, height 31-50cm, height >51cm) This data set can provide ground measured data for remote sensing inversion of forest structure parameters.

0 2020-03-10

WATER: Dataset of soil moisture profile observations in the Pailugou watershed foci experimental area

The dataset of soil moisture profile observations was obtained (once every ten days) in the Pailugou watershed foci experimental area during 2007 and from May to Sep. 2008. The soil profile was the moss litter layer, 0-10cm, 10-20cm, 20-40cm, 40-60cm and 60-80cm. It was fetched by the cutting ring and was measured through oven drying. Land cover types included spruce forest located in different elevation levels of 2600m, 2700m, 2900m, 3100m and 3300m, scrub of 3300m, 3400m and 3500m, and tailo grassland of 2600m, 2700m, 2800m and 2900m. Data were archived in Excel format.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of soil moisture observations at the super site around the Dayekou Guantan forest station

The dataset of soil moisture observations (VWC%) was obtained at the super site (100m×100m) around the Dayekou Guantan forest station on Jun. 5, 2008. The super site was divided into 16 subplots (25m×25m). 10 points were measured by TDR 300 (with the probe 20cm long) at random location in each subplot. The serial number and the cover type of the subplot, the number of the sample points and soil moisture (%) were recorded. Those provide reliable data for the construction of the 3D structure of the forest scene, and for the modeling of active and passive remote sensing mechanisms and the simulation of remote sensing images.

0 2019-05-23

WATER: Dataset of ground truth measurements synchronizing with Envisat ASAR in the Linze station foci experimental area from Sep. 12 to Sep. 15, 2007 during the pre-observation period

The dataset of ground truth measurements synchronizing with Envisat ASAR was obtained in the Linze station foci experimental area from Sep. 12 to Sep. 15, 2007 during the pre-observation period. One scene of Envisat ASAR image was captured on Sep. 19. The data were in AP mode and VV/VH polarization combinations, and the overpass time was approximately at 11:29 BJT. Observation items included: (1) GPS by GARMIN GPS 76 (2) LAI by LAI-2000 (3) photosynthesis measured by LI6400 from Linze station carried out according to WATER specifications. Raw data were archived in the user-defined format , which can be opened by notepat and processed by Excel. (4) object spectrum of typical ground objects measured by ASD FieldSpec Spectroradiometer (350~2 500 nm) from Gansu Meteorological Administration. The reference whiteboard was attached therein. Raw spectral data were archived as binary files, which were recorded daily in detail, and pre-processed data on reflectance were archived as text files (.txt). (5) infrared temperature measured by the handheld infrared thermometer from Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, which was calibrated. The infrared temperature of the crown, the vertical canopy, 45 degrees frontlight and backlight were measured respectively. The data were archived as Excel files. (6) soil profile (0-10cm, 10-20cm, 20-40cm and 40-60cm), and soil moisture measured by the cutting ring method. Profile photos were taken meanwhile. (7) quadrate (1m×1m) investigations, including the quadrate number, species, quantities, coverage, the total quadrate coverage, the mean height, biomass number, the total green weight and the total dry weight. (8) repeated measurements on chlorophyll content of different species measured by SPAD 502. (9) photos taken by Nikon D80 with a lens of Sigma 8mm F3.5 EX DG CIRCULAR FISHEYE, shooting straight downwards at the height of 1.5m (10) atmospheric parameters at Daman Water Management office measured by CE318 (produced by CIMEL in France). The total optical depth, aerosol optical depth, Rayleigh scattering coefficient, column water vapor in 936 nm, particle size spectrum and phase function were then retrieved from these observations. The optical depth in 1020nm, 936nm, 870nm, 670nm and 440nm were all acquired by CE318. Those data include the raw data in .k7 and can be opened by ASTPWin. ReadMetext files (.txt) is attached for detail. Processed data (after retrieval of the raw data) in Excel are on optical depth, rayleigh scattering, aerosol optical depth, the horizontal visibility, the near surface air temperature, the solar azimuth, zenith, solar distance correlation factors, and air column mass number.

0 2019-05-23