In order to explore the inorganic hydrochemical characteristics of Naqu basin, river water and groundwater were collected in Naqu basin in September 2020 and September 2021. Collect river water and groundwater with 550ml plastic bottles on site. The main anions and anions (ca2+, na+, mg2+, k+, so42- and cl-) are measured with an ion chromatograph (metrohm ecoic, Switzerland), with a measurement accuracy of 1 μ G/l. Bicarbonate (hco3-) is titrated with acid-base indicator and determined with 50ml acid burette. The purpose is to reveal the inorganic hydrochemical characteristics of water bodies in Naqu basin and provide data support for the analysis of groundwater recharge sources in Naqu basin.
From September 3 to September 9, 2020, groundwater and surface water were collected in the upper reaches of Nujiang River Basin (i.e. Naqu basin in Nujiang River source area), and the samples were immediately put into 100 ml high density polyethylene (HDPE) bottles. 18O and D are analyzed and tested by liquid water isotope analyzer (picarro l2140-i, USA), and the stable isotope ratio is expressed by the thousand difference relative to Vienna "standard average seawater" (VSMOW). δ 18O and δ The analysis error of D is ± 0.1 ‰ and ± 1 ‰ respectively. It provides basic data support for subsequent analysis of groundwater source analysis in Naqu basin.
The near surface atmospheric forcing and surface state dataset of the Tibetan Plateau was yielded by WRF model, time range: 2000-2010, space range: 25-40 °N, 75-105 °E, time resolution: hourly, space resolution: 10 km, grid number: 150 * 300. There are 33 variables in total, including 11 near surface atmospheric variables: temperature at 2m height on the ground, specific humidity at 2m height on the ground, surface pressure, latitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, longitudinal component of 10m wind field on the ground, proportion of solid precipitation, cumulative cumulus convective precipitation, cumulative grid precipitation, downward shortwave radiation flux at the surface, downward length at the surface Wave radiation flux, cumulative potential evaporation. There are 19 surface state variables: soil temperature in each layer, soil moisture in each layer, liquid water content in each layer, heat flux of snow phase change, soil bottom temperature, surface runoff, underground runoff, vegetation proportion, surface heat flux, snow water equivalent, actual snow thickness, snow density, water in the canopy, surface temperature, albedo, background albedo, lower boundary Soil temperature, upward heat flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface and upward water flux (sensible heat flux) at the surface. There are three other variables: longitude, latitude and planetary boundary layer height.
The dataset of groundwater table in the middle and lower Heihe River Basin at the north of Qilian Mountains (2001-2015) is stimulated by the Hydrological-Ecological Integrated watershed Flow Model (HEIFLOW). HEIFLOW is a three-dimensional distributed eco-hydrological coupling model, integrating the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS) with the Modular Groundwater Flow Model (MODFLOW) and several ecological modules, which can completely describe the hydrological cycle and vegetation ecological process of the basin. For the modeling details of generating this data, please refer to Han et al. (2021), and for the technical details of HEIFLOW model, please refer to Han et al. (2021), Tian et al. (2018), and sun et al. (2018)
This project is based on the gsflow model of USGS to simulate the surface groundwater coupling in Zhangye basin in the middle reaches of Heihe River. The space-time range and accuracy of the simulation are as follows: Simulation period: 1990-2012; Simulation step: day by day; The spatial scope of simulation: Zhangye basin; The spatial accuracy of simulation: the underground part is 1km × 1km grid (5 layers, the total number of grids in each layer is 150 × 172 = 25800, among which the active grid 9106); the surface part is based on the hydrological response unit (HRU) (588 in total, each HRU covers an area of several square kilometers to dozens of square kilometers). The data include: surface infiltration, actual evapotranspiration, average soil moisture content, surface groundwater exchange, shallow groundwater level, simulated daily flow of Zhengyi gorge, simulated monthly flow of Zhengyi gorge, groundwater extraction and river diversion
1. Data overview: This data set is the daily scale groundwater level data of Qilian station from November 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011. In October 2011, two groundwater monitoring wells were arranged in hulugou small watershed. Well 1 is located beside the general control hydrological section of hulugou watershed, with a depth of 12.8m and an aperture of 12cm. Well 2 is located in the east of the Delta, about 100m away from the river, with a depth of 14.7m and an aperture of 12cm. 2. Data content: U20hobo water level sensor is arranged in the groundwater well, which is mainly used to monitor the change of groundwater level and temperature in hulugou small watershed. The data content is the temperature and atmospheric pressure inside the hole, and the data is the daily scale data. 3. Space time scope: Geographic coordinates of well 1: longitude: longitude: 99 ° 53 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 16 ′ n; altitude: 2974m (near the hydrological section at the outlet of the basin). Geographic coordinates of well 2: longitude: 99 ° 52 ′ E; latitude: 38 ° 15 ′ n; altitude: 3204.1m (east side of the East Branch of the delta).
The data include the collection of elements and isotopes of river water and groundwater (including spring water) in hulugou small watershed of Heihe River. Sampling location: (1) There are two river water sampling points, one of which is located at the outlet weir of hulugou small watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 47.7 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11 ″ n. The second sampling point is located at the outlet of hulugou area II in the upper reaches of Heihe River, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n. (2) The sampling points of groundwater spring and well water are located at 20m to the east of the drainage basin outlet, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 50.9 ″ E and 38 ° 16 ′ 11.44 ″ n. The well water sampling point is located near the intersection of East and West Branch ditches, with longitude and latitude of 99 ° 52 ′ 45.38 ″ E and 38 ° 15 ′ 21.27 ″ n. Data Description: 1. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were analyzed. The DOC and DIC values of the samples were tested by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C. 2. From July to September 2014, the δ D and δ 18O values of precipitation, river water and groundwater in hulugou small watershed were measured by Picaro l2130-i ultra-high precision liquid water and water vapor isotope analyzer. The results were expressed by δ values relative to the international standard material v-smow, with the measurement accuracy of 0.038 ‰ and 0.011 ‰ respectively. 3. Doc values of river water and soil water at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from May to September 2013 were determined by analytikjena multi n / C 3100 total nitrogen and total carbon tester. 4. Doc and DIC values of river water and groundwater at the outlet of hulugou small watershed from July to September 2014 were measured by oiaurora 1030w TOC instrument, and the detection range was 2ppb c-30000ppm C.
Data source: simulation results of the Heihe groundwater model from Tsinghua University; Summary of content: 2003-2012 simulation water level of the observation well : the letters indicate the area where the observation well is located (L-Linze, Z-Zhangye, G-Gaotai, J-Jinta, E-Ejina), and the number indicates the number of the observation well. Time range: 2003-2012 month data
Through e-Sense / diver hydrological monitoring equipment and dynamic remote monitoring system, the hydrological monitoring data of key stations in Heihe River Basin in the three years from 2013 to 2015 in non freezing period are obtained, mainly including the temperature and water level of three groundwater (Qilian station, Linze station, Ejina station) and six river surface water (Yingluoxia station, Gaoya station, Zhengyixia station, shaomaying station, langxinshan station, Juyanhai station) According to the data, the time resolution is 1H.
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese Cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, to provide parameters and validation data for the development of response and feedback model of frozen soil, glacier and snow cover to global change under GIS framework; on the other hand, it is to systemically sort out and rescue valuable cryospheric data, to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and division for it Analysis tools. The basic datasets of the Tibet Plateau mainly takes the Tibetan Plateau as the research region, ranging from longitude 70 -- 105 ° east and latitude 20 -- 40 ° north, containing the following types of data: 1. Cryosphere data. Includes: Permafrost type (Frozengd), (Fromap); Snow depth distribution (Snowdpt) Quatgla (Quatgla) 2. Natural environment and resources. Includes: Terrain: elevation, elevation zoning, slope, slope direction (DEM); Hydrology: surface water (Stram_line), (Lake); Basic geology: Quatgeo, Hydrogeo; Surface properties: Vegetat; 4. Climate data: temperature, surface temperature, and precipitation. 3. Socio-economic resources (Stations) : distribution of meteorological Stations on the Tibetan Plateau and it surrounding areas. 4. Response model of plateau permafrost to global change (named "Fgmodel"): permafrost distribution data in 2009, 2049 and 2099 were projected. Please refer to the following documents (in Chinese): "Design of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.doc", "Datasheet of Chinese Cryospheric Information System.DOC", "Database of the Tibetan Plateau.DOC" and "Database of the Tibetan Plateau 2.DOC".