Typical case dataset of major global flood disasters (2018.01-2018.12)
  • 2019-09-30
  • 0
  • 1

The data set analyzes the spatial and temporal distribution, impact and loss of typical global flood disasters from 2018 to 2019. In 2018, there were 109 flood disasters in the world, with a death toll of 1995. The total number of people affected was 12.62 million. The direct economic loss was about 4.5 billion US dollars, which was at a low level in the past 30 years. The number of global flood incidents in 2018 was higher in the first half of the year than in the second half of the year, and the frequency of occurrence was higher from May to July. Therefore, based on three typical disaster events such as the hurricane flood in Florence in the United States in 2018, the flooding of the Niger River in Nigeria in 2018, and the Shouguang flood in Shandong Province in 2018, the disaster background, hazard factors, and disaster situation were analyzed. .

More
Global drought intensity and major meteorological factors anomaly dataset (2018)
  • 2019-09-30
  • 0
  • 1

This dataset mainly includes the spatial distribution of global SPEI in 1218 in 2018, the global drought intensity in 2018, and the anomalies of precipitation, land surface temperature, 0-10 cm soil moisture and the past 10 years (2009-2018); The flat index method, the maximum value synthesis method and the trend analysis method calculate the global drought intensity and the main meteorological factor anomaly data for 2018. The data time scale is 2018-01-01 to 2018-12-31, and the spatial resolution is 0.5 degree. The data can provide a scientific reference for the analysis of global drought distribution and drought assessment in 2018.

More
Dataset of tropical cyclone Idai and subsequent flood disaster in Southern Africa (March 2019)
  • 2019-09-30
  • 0
  • 1

1) The data includes the path data of the tropical cyclone “Idai” that occurred in the southern hemisphere in March 2019, and the data on the flooding in southern Africa caused by it. It is an important data source supplement to the major tropical cyclone disasters in 2019. 2) The tropical cyclone path data is compiled from the monitoring data of the National Satellite Meteorological Center, and the ArcGIS software is used to read the latitude and longitude coordinates. The flooded area data of the floods in southern Africa is extracted by the high-resolution satellite imagery of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Remote Sensing. 3) Data quality is OK. 4) It can be used for path analysis, affected situation analysis and damage assessment of tropical cyclone “Idai”.

More
Dataset of spatial and temporal distribution of global strong earthquakes (1989-2018)
  • 2019-09-29
  • 0
  • 1

This data set is used to analyze the global activity level of strong earthquakes (Mw 5) in the past 30 years, and to present it spatially. It can be used to obtain the distribution areas of strong earthquakes with high frequency and activity level in recent years. By comparing the distribution of strong earthquakes in 2018 with that in 1989-2018, the distribution characteristics of global strong earthquakes in 2018 are obtained. The original data of strong earthquakes are from USGS, and the local density is calculated as frequency information. The magnitudes of all earthquake cases are interpolated globally, and then the frequency and magnitude are multiplied as the activity level of strong earthquakes. The data set is in TIff format with a spatial resolution of about 80 km. The data set can provide a reference for the analysis of strong earthquake activity level on the global scale, and is helpful for the analysis of global earthquake risk and the construction of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction system.

More
Global Typhoon path dataset (2018)
  • 2019-09-29
  • 0
  • 1

1) The data includes data on 29 typhoon path points occurring in the Pacific Northwest in 2018. The data includes time, latitude and longitude, central air pressure, wind speed wind power, future direction, future speed, and wind level; 2) The data comes from the Central Meteorological Observatory Typhoon Network (http://typhoon.nmc.cn/web.html), using python to capture the typhoon path data published by the webpage, and sorting the extracted excel data table into shapefile form. According to the typhoon wind level classification standard, the wind level is given to each path point; 3) The data quality is good; 4) The data can be applied to typhoon characteristics and impact analysis based on typhoon path point movement, wind speed, wind power, and the like.

More
Dataset of major global forest fire disasters (2018.01-2019.06)
  • 2019-09-29
  • 0
  • 1

This data set contains 2018 global forest fire case data for the whole year and 2019, including the forest fire in California in November 2018, the forest fire in Attica, Greece in July 2018, and the forest fire in Shanxi Province in March 2019. Case data. Specific data include: fire intensity data of the monitoring range and data of vegetation index changes before and after the disaster. The data set is mainly used to describe the occurrence, development, impact and recovery of major global forest fire events in the first half of 2018-2019. The data mainly comes from NASA official website and EM-DAT database, it was processed by statistical and spatial analysis methods using EXCEL and ArcGIS tools. The data source is reliable, the processing method is scientific and rigorous, and it can be effectively applied to global (forest fire) disaster case analysis research.

More
Dataset of Soil Erosion (water) Intensity with 300m resoluton in Tibetan Plateau (1992, 2005, 2015)
  • 2019-09-16
  • 0
  • 1

1)The data content includes three stages of soil erosion intensity in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in 1992, 2005 and 2015, and the grid resolution is 300m. 2) China soil erosion prediction model (CSLE) was used to calculate the soil erosion amount of more than 4,000 investigation units on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Soil erosion was interpolated according to land use on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. According to the soil erosion classification standard, the soil erosion intensity map of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was obtained. 3) By comparing the differences of three-stage soil erosion intensity data, it conforms to the actual change law and the data quality is good. 4) The data of soil erosion intensity are of great significance to the study of soil erosion in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the sustainable development of local ecosystems. In the attribute table, "Value" represents the erosion intensity level, from 1 to 6, the value represents slight, mild, moderate, intense, extremely intense and severe. "BL" represents the percentage of echa erosion intensity in the total area.

More
Data on the concentrations of persistent organic pollutants and total suspended particulate in the atmosphere at a station in Southeast Tibet (2008-2011)
  • 2019-09-15
  • 0
  • 1

This data set contains data on the concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and total suspended particulate (TSP) in the atmosphere at a station in southeastern Tibet (Lulang). The samples were collected using an atmospheric active sampler equipped with a tandem fibreglass membrane-polyurethane foam sampling head. The gaseous POPs and TSPs were collected. The sampling period for each sample was 2 weeks. The types of observed POPs include organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Only gaseous concentrations were detected for OCPs and PCBs, while both gaseous concentrations and particulate concentrations were detected for PAHs. All of the data contained in the data set are measurement data. The samples were collected in the field at the Integrated Observation and Research Station of the Alpine Environment in Southeast Tibet. The sampler was an atmospheric flow active sampler equipped with a tandem fibreglass membrane-polyurethane foam sampling head, in which the fibreglass membrane was used to collect TSPs and the polyurethane foam was used to adsorb gaseous pollutants in the atmosphere. During the sampling period, the sampler was run every other day for approximately 24 hours each time, and each sample was collected for 2 weeks. The atmospheric volume collected for each sample was 500-700 cubic metres. Both gaseous and particulate POP samples were prepared and analysed in the Key Laboratory of Tibetan Environment Changes and Land Surface Processes, CAS. The sample preparation steps included Soxhlet extraction, silica-alumina column purification, removal of macromolecular impurities by a GPC column, concentration to a defined volume, etc. The analytical test instrument was a gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometer (Finnigan-TRACE GC/PolarisQ) produced by Thermo Fisher Scientific. The column used to separate OCPs and PCBs was a CP-Sil 8CB capillary column (50 m × 0.25 mm × 0.25 μm), and the column used to separate PAHs was a DB-5MS capillary column (60 m x 0.25 mm x 0.25 μm). The total suspended particulate concentration in the atmosphere was determined by the gravimetric method, and the accuracy of the weighing balance was 1/100,000 g. The field samples were subjected to strict quality control with laboratory blanks and field blanks. The detection limit of a given compound was 3 times the standard deviation of the concentration of the corresponding compound in the field blank; if the compound was not detected in the field blank, the detection limit of the method was determined by the lowest concentration of the working curve. For a sample, concentrations above the detection limit of the method are corrected by subtracting the detection limit; concentrations below the detection limit of the method but higher than 1/2 times the detection limit are corrected by subtracting half the method detection limit; and concentrations below 1/2 times the detection limit are considered undetected. The recovery rate of PAH laboratory samples was between 65-120%, and that of OCPs was between 70-130%; the sample concentrations were not corrected by the recovery rate. In the table, undetected data are marked as BDL; data marked in black italics are data corrected by subtracting 1/2 the method detection limit.

More
The hypocentre parameters of shallow-focus earthquakes in the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau area (1991-2014)
  • 2019-09-15
  • 0
  • 1

The data set describes the hypocentre parameters of shallow-focus earthquakes that occurred in the Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau area from 1990 to 2014. Accurate seismic focal depth and focal mechanism solutions can provide an elementary scientific basis for deep Earth deformation and seismogenic structure research. The seismic waveform data are from the IRIS website (http://ds.iris.edu/wilber3/find_event). Teleseismic waveform fitting is used in processing data. The focal depth error is ±3 km. Earthquake number: earthquake number ID for different areas in chronological order Origin Time: mm/dd/yyyy (month/day/year), hh:mm (hour/minute) Earthquake location: longitude, latitude, depth Earthquake magnitude: moment magnitude (Mw) Focal mechanism solution: trend / inclination / inclination angle (strike / dip / slip) Error: the least squares method is used to determine the variance between the theoretical waveform and the observed waveform (misfit) Moho Depth: Moho

More
The hypocentre parameters of intermediate- and deep-focus earthquakes in the Pamir-Hindu Kush Region (1964-2011)
  • 2019-09-15
  • 0
  • 1

The data set describes the hypocentre parameters of intermediate- and deep-focus earthquakes in the Pamir-Hindu Kush region from 1964 to 2011. The earthquake relocation results clarified the complex deformation characteristics of underground structures in the deep subduction area in the Pamir-Xindu Kush region. The seismic waveform data are from the IRIS website (http://ds.iris.edu/wilber3/find_event), and the arrival time data are from the ISC website (http://www.isc.ac.uk/) and the CEDC website (http:// Data.earthquake.cn/data/index.jsp?id=11number=9). Seismic location was determined using the teleseismic waveform fitting and the multi-scale double-difference (Multi-DD) method developed in this study. The errors in latitude and longitude data are approximately ±7 km and ±7 km, respectively. Origin Time: yyyy (year), mm (month), dd (day), hh (hour), mm (minute), ss.ss (second) Earthquake Magnitude: Magnitude (from the ISC seismic catalogue) Earthquake Location: Latitude, Longitude, Depth Hypocentre determination method: Hypocentres marked with an "F" were determined by the waveform fitting method

More