Terrestrial evapotranspiration dataset across China (1982-2017)

This dataset (version 1.5) is derived from the complementary-relationship method, with inputs of CMFD downward short- and long-wave radiation, air temperature, air pressure, GLASS albedo and broadband longwave emissivity, ERA5-land land surface temperature and humidity, and NCEP diffuse skylight ratio, etc. This dataset covers the period of 1982-2017, and the spatial coverage is Chinese land area. This dataset would be helpful for long-term hydrological cycle and climate change research. Land surface actual evapotranspiration (Ea),unit: mm month-1. The spatial resolution is 0.1-degree; The temporal resolution is monthly; The data type is NetCDF; This evapotranspiration dataset is only for land surface.

0 2020-09-16

1:1 million wetland data of Heilongjiang Province (2000)

The data is tailored from "China's 1:1 million wetland data". "China's 1:1 million wetland data" mainly reflects the national wetland information in the 2000's, which is expressed by the decimal system of geographical coordinates. The main contents include: types of wetland, water supply types of wetland, soil types, main vegetation types, geographical areas, etc. The information classification and coding standard of China sustainable development information sharing system has been implemented. Data source of the database: 1:20 swamp map (internal version), 1:500000 swamp map of Qinghai Tibet Plateau (internal version), 1:1 million swamp survey data and 1:4 million swamp map of China; processing steps: data source selection, preprocessing, digitization and coding of swamp wetland elements, data editing and processing, establishment of topological relationship, edge connection processing, projection conversion, place name and other attribute databases Link and get property data.

0 2020-09-15

China meteorological forcing dataset (1979-2018)

The China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (CMFD) is a high spatial-temporal resolution gridded near-surface meteorological dataset that was developed specifically for studies of land surface processes in China. The dataset was made through fusion of remote sensing products, reanalysis dataset and in-situ observation data at weather stations. Its record starts from January 1979 and keeps extending (currently up to December 2018) with a temporal resolution of three hours and a spatial resolution of 0.1°. Seven near-surface meteorological elements are provided in CMFD, including 2-meter air temperature, surface pressure, specific humidity, 10-meter wind speed, downward shortwave radiation, downward longwave radiation and precipitation rate.

0 2020-09-03

Daily meteorological dataset of basic meteorological elements of China National Surface Weather Station (V3.0)(1951-2010)

"China's surface climate data daily value data set (V3.0)" contains 699 benchmarks and basic weather stations in China. Since January 1951, the station's air pressure, temperature, precipitation, evaporation, relative humidity, wind direction and wind speed, and sunshine hours. The number and the daily value data of the 0cm geothermal element. After the quality control of the data, the quality and integrity of each factor data from 1951 to 2010 is significantly improved compared with the similar data products released in the past. The actual rate of each factor data is generally above 99%, and the accuracy of the data is close. 100%. China Earth International Exchange Station Climate Data Daily Value Dataset (V3.0), mainly based on the ground-based meteorological data construction project archived "1951-2010 China National Ground Station data corrected monthly report data file (A0/A1/ A) The basic data set was developed. This data can provide a variety of basic drive data for other scientific research.

0 2020-08-25

Landuse dataset in China (1980-2015)

The remote sensing monitoring database of China's land use status is a multi temporal land use status database covering the land area of China after years of accumulation under the support of national science and technology support plan, important direction project of knowledge innovation project of Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data set includes seven periods: the end of 1980s, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The data production is based on the Landsat TM / ETM Remote Sensing Images of each period as the main data source, which is generated by manual visual interpretation. Data are missing from some islands in the South China Sea. Spatial resolution: 30m, projection parameters: Albers_ Conic_ Equal_ Area central meridian 105, standard weft 1: 25, standard weft 2: 47. The remote sensing monitoring database of China's land use status is a relatively high precision land use monitoring data product in China, which has played an important role in the national land resources survey, hydrology and ecological research. The land use types include six first-class types of cultivated land, woodland, grassland, water area, residential land and unused land, and 25 second-class types.

0 2020-08-24

The second glacier inventory dataset of China (version 1.0) (2006-2011)

China's second glacier inventory uses the high-resolution Landsat TM/ETM+ remote sensing satellite data as the main glacier boundary data source and extracts the data source with the latest global digital elevation model, SRTM V4, as the glacier attribute, using the current international ratio threshold segmentation method to extract the glacier boundary in bare ice areas. The ice ridge extraction algorithm is developed to extract the glacier ice ridge, and it is used for the segmentation of a single glacier. At the same time, the international general algorithm is used to calculate the glacier attributes, so that the vector data and attribute data that contain the glacier information of the main glacier regions in west China are obtained. Compared with some field GPS field measurement data and higher resolution remote sensing images (such as from QuickBird and WorldView), the glacial vector data in the second glacier inventory data set of China have higher positioning accuracy and can meet the requirements for glacial data in national land, water conservancy, transportation, environment and other fields. Glacier inventory attributes: Glc_Name, Drng_Code, FCGI_ID, GLIMS_ID, Mtn_Name, Pref_Name, Glc_Long, Glc_Lati, Glc_Area, Abs_Accu, Rel_Accu, Deb_Area, Deb_A_Accu, Deb_R_Accu, Glc_Vol_A, Glc_Vol_B, Max_Elev, Min_Elev, Mean_Elev, MA_Elev, Mean_Slp, Mean_Asp, Prm_Image, Aux_Image, Rep_Date, Elev_Src, Elev_Date, Compiler, Verifier. For a detailed data description, please refer to the second glacier inventory data description.

0 2020-07-29

Map of 1:10000 000 permafrost types in China (2008)

This map was compiled by Li Xin and others in 2008 in order to re-count the permafrost area in China and based on the analysis of the existing permafrost map in China. It consists of three parts, of which the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau part uses the simulated permafrost map of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (Nanzhuo Copper, 2002), the northeast part comes from the "14 million map of China's Glacier, Frozen Soil and Desert" (Institute of Environment and Engineering in Cold and Arid Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006), and the other part uses the map of China's permafrost zoning and types (1: 10 million) (Zhou Youwu and others, 2000). More Information References (Institute of Environment and Engineering in Cold and Arid Regions, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2006; Nanzhuo Copper, 2002; Zhou Youwu et al., 2000; Li et al, 2008)。

0 2020-07-20

Glacial lake inventory of the Pumqu Basin in the Himalayan Region of China (2004)

This glacial lake inventory receives joint support from the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and the United Nations Environment Programme/Regional Resources Centre for Asia and the Pacific (UNEP/RRC-AP), Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute (CAREERI). 9. This glacial lake cataloging uses Landsat (TM and ETM), Aster and other remote sensing data. It reflects the current situation of glacial lakes with areas larger than 0.01 km2 in the Himalayas in 2004. 10. Glacial lake catalogue coverage: the Himalayan region, Pumqu (Arun), Rongxer (Tama Koshi), Poiqu (Bhote-Sun Koshi), Jilongcangbu (Trishuli), Zangbuqin (Budhigandaki), Majiacangbu (Humla Karnali) and others. 11. Glacial Lake cataloging includes glacial lake cataloging, glacial lake type, glacial lake orientation, glacial lake width, glacial lake area, glacial lake depth, glacial lake length and other attributes. 12. Data projection information: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 False_Northing: 0.000000 Central_Meridian: 87.000000 Scale_Factor: 0.999600 Latitude_Of_Origin: 0.000000 Linear Unit: Meter (1.000000) Geographic Coordinate System: GCS_WGS_1984 Angular Unit: Degree (0.017453292519943299) Prime Meridian: Greenwich (0.000000000000000000) Datum: D_WGS_1984 Spheroid: WGS_1984 Semimajor Axis: 6378137.000000000000000000 Semiminor Axis: 6356752.314245179300000000 Inverse Flattening: 298.257223563000030000 For a detailed data description, please refer to the data file and report.

0 2020-06-09

China long-sequence surface freeze-thaw dataset——decision tree algorithm (1987-2009)

China long-sequence surface freeze-thaw dataset——decision tree algorithm (1987-2009), is derived from the decision tree classification using passive microwave remote sensing SSM / I brightness temperature data. This data set uses the EASE-Grid projection method (equal cut cylindrical projection, standard latitude is ± 30 °), with a spatial resolution of 25.067525km, and provides daily classification results of the surface freeze-thaw state of the main part of mainland China. The data set is stored by year and consists of 23 folders, from 1987 to 2009. Each folder contains the day-to-day surface freeze-thaw classification results for the current year. It is an ASCII file with the naming rule: SSMI-frozenYYYY ***. Txt, where YYYY represents the year and *** represents the Julian date (001 ~ 365 / 366). The freeze-thaw classification result txt file can be opened and viewed directly with a text program, and can also be opened with ArcView + Spatial Analyst extension module or Arcinfo's Asciigrid command. The original frozen and thawed surface data was derived from daily passive microwave data processed by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) since 1987. This data set uses EASE-Grid (equivalent area expandable earth grid) as a standard format . China's surface freeze-thaw long-term sequence data set-The decision tree algorithm (1987-2009) attributes consist of the spatial-temporal resolution, projection information, and data format of the data set. Spatio-temporal resolution: the time resolution is day by day, the spatial resolution is 25.067525km, the longitude range is 60 ° ~ 140 ° E, and the latitude is 15 ° ~ 55 ° N. Projection information: Global equal-area cylindrical EASE-Grid projection. For more information about EASE-Grid projection, see the description of this projection in data preparation. Data format: The data set consists of 23 folders from 1987 to 2009. Each folder contains the results of the day-to-day surface freeze-thaw classification of the year, and is stored as a txt file on a daily basis. File naming rules: For example, SMI-frozen1994001.txt represents the surface freeze-thaw classification results on the first day of 1994. The ASCII file of the data set is composed of a header file and a body content. The header file consists of 6 lines of description information such as the number of rows, the number of columns, the coordinates of the lower left point of the x-axis, the coordinates of the lower left point of the y-axis, the grid size, and the value of the data-less area. Array, with columns as the priority. The values ​​are integers, from 1 to 4, 1 for frozen, 2 for melting, 3 for desert, and 4 for precipitation. Because the space described by all ASCII files in this data set is nationwide, the header files of these files are unchanged. The header files are extracted as follows (where xllcenter, yllcenter and cellsize are in m): ncols 308 nrows 166 xllcorner 5778060 yllcorner 1880060 cellsize 25067.525 nodata_value 0 All ASCII files in this data set can be opened directly with a text program such as Notepad. Except for the header file, the main content is a numerical representation of the surface freeze-thaw state: 1 for frozen, 2 for melting, 3 for desert, and 4 for precipitation. If you want to display it with an icon, we recommend using ArcView + 3D or Spatial Analyst extension module to read it. During the reading process, a grid format file will be generated. The displayed grid file is the graphic representation of the ASCII code file. Reading method:  [1] Add 3D or Spatial Analyst extension module in ArcView software, and then create a new View;  [2] Activate View, click the File menu, select the Import Data Source option, the Import Data Source selection box pops up, select ASCII Raster in Select import file type: in this box, and a dialog box for selecting the source ASCII file automatically pops up Find any ASCII file in the data set and press OK;  [3] Type the name of the Grid file in the Output Grid dialog box (a meaningful file name is recommended for later viewing), and click the path where the Grid file is stored, press Ok again, and then press Yes (to select an integer) Data), Yes (call the generated grid file into the current view). The generated file can be edited according to the Grid file standard. This completes the process of displaying the ASCII file as a Grid file.  [4] During batch processing, you can use ARCINFO's ASCIIGRID command to write an AML file, and then use the Run command to complete in the Grid module: Usage: ASCIIGRID <in_ascii_file> <out_grid> {INT | FLOAT}

0 2020-06-09

The vegetation map at the 1:4,000,000 of China (1979)

This dataset: Editor-in-Chief: Hou Xueyu Drawing: Hou Xueyu, Sun Shizhou, Zhang Jingwei, He Miaoguang. Wang Yifeng, Kong Dezhen, Wang Shaoqing Publishing: Map Press Issue: Xinhua Bookstore Year: 1979 Scale: 1: 4,000,000 It took five years to complete from May 1972 to July 1976. In the process of drawing legends and mapping, referring to the vast majority of vegetation survey data (including maps and texts) after 1949 in China, we held more than a dozen mapping seminars involving researchers from inside and outside the institute. During the layout after the mapping work was completed, many new survey data were added, especially vegetation data in western Tibet. The nature of this map basically belongs to the current vegetation map, including two parts of natural vegetation and agricultural vegetation. The legend of natural vegetation is arranged according to the seven vegetation groups. They are mainly divided according to the appearance of plant communities and certain ecological characteristics. The concept of agricultural vegetation community, like the natural vegetation community, also has a certain life form (appearance, structure, layer), species composition and a certain ecological location. In 1990, the State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems of the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences completed the digitization of this map, and wrote relevant data description documents. The digitized data also adopt equal product cone projection and can be converted into other projections by GIS software. This data includes a vector file in e00 format, a Chinese vegetation coding design description, a dataset description, a vegetation data layer attribute data table, and a scanned "People's Republic of China Vegetation Map-Brief Description" and other files. Data projection: Projection: Albers false_easting: 0.000000 false_northing: 0.000000 central_meridian: 110.000000 standard_parallel_1: 25.000000 standard_parallel_2: 47.000000 latitude_of_origin: 0.000000 Linear Unit: Meter (1.000000) Geographic Coordinate System: Unknown Angular Unit: Degree (0.017453292519943299) Prime Meridian: Greenwich (0.000000000000000000) Datum: D_Unknown Spheroid: Clarke_1866 Semimajor Axis: 6378206.400000000400000000 Semiminor Axis: 6356583.799999999800000000 Inverse Flattening: 294.978698213901000000

0 2020-06-09