This dataset includes five scenes, covering the artificial oasis eco-hydrology experimental area of the Heihe River Basin, which were acquired on (yy-mm-dd) 2012-04-05, 2012-04-21, 2012-05-07, 2012-06-24, 2012-07-10. The data were all acquired around 11:50 (BJT) with data product of Level 2. Landsat ETM+ dataset was downloaded from http://glovis.usgs.gov/.
This dataset includes one scene acquired on (yy-mm-dd hh:mm, BJT) 2012-07-06 06:30, covering the artificial oasis eco-hydrology experimental area of the Heihe River Basin. This datum was acquired at Stripmap-Quad mode with product level of SLC, and this image includes VV, VH, HH and HV polarization with a spatial resolution of 8 m. Radarsat-2 dataset was acquired from the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Courtesy: Dr. Chen Quan).
The dataset contains all individual glacial storage (unit: km3) over the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in 1970s and 2000s. It is sourced from the resultant data of the paper entitled "Consolidating the Randolph Glacier Inventory and the Glacier Inventory of China over the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and Investigating Glacier Changes Since the mid-20th Century". The first draft of this paper has been completed and is planned to be submitted to Earth System Science Data journal. The baseline glacier inventories in 1970s and 2000s are the Randolph Glacier Inventory 4.0 dataset, and the Glacier Inventory of China, respectively. Based on the individual glacial boundaries extracted from the above-mentioned two datasets, the grid-based bedrock elevation dataset (https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/global/global.html, DOI: 10.7289/v5c8276m), and the glacier surface elevation obtained by a slope-dependent method, the individual glacier volumes in 1970s and 2000s are then calculated. In addition, the calculated results of individual glacier volumes in this study have been compared and verified with the existent results of several glacier volumes, relevant remote sensing datasets, and the global glacier thickness dataset based on the average of multiple glacier model outputs (https://www.research-collection.ethz.ch/handle/20.500.11850/315707, doi:10.3929/ethz-b-000315707), and the errors in the calculations have also been quantified. The established dataset in this study is expected to provide the data basis for the future regional water resources estimation and glacier ablation-involved researches. Moreover, the acquisition of the data also provides a new idea for the future glacier storage estimation.
1. Overview of data Based on the Google earth image data in 2012, the land use types of wetland parks were vectorized by visual interpretation method, which provided the data basis for wetland ecosystem service assessment. 2. Data content Land use types include wetland, farmland (corn, vegetables, wheat), water area, forest land, construction land, bare land, etc. Scale: 1: 50,000; Coordinate system: WGS84; Data type: vector polygon; Storage format: Dbf/Shp/Jpeg 3. Space-time range Coverage: Zhangye National Wetland Park; Total area: 46.02 square kilometers.
1) Initial data of community characteristics and main plant biological characteristics of the grass-animal equilibrium stage of the test grassland in 1983; 2) Livestock management data of 4-5 grazing grasslands; 3) Observation data of diversity, productivity and functional group of different grazing grassland communities; 4) Observation data on the height, coverage, biomass, and flower morphology, tillering, and leaf characteristics of main plants in different grazing gradient grasslands 5) Observation data of soil nutrients and litter in different grazing grasslands.
The social accounting matrix, also known as the national economy comprehensive matrix or the national economy circulation matrix, uses the matrix method to connect the various accounts of the national economy systematically, represents the statistical index system of the national economy accounting system, and reflects the circulation process of the national economy operation. It uses the matrix form to arrange the national accounts orderly according to the flow and stock, domestic and foreign. The data reflects the balanced value of social accounting matrix in Gaotai County.
The “Eco-Hydro Integrated Atlas of Heihe River Basin” is supported by the Synthetic Research on the Eco-hydrological Process of the Heihe River Basin– a key project to provide data collation and service for the Heihe River Basin eco-hydrological process integration study. This atlas will provide researchers with a comprehensive and detailed introduction to the Heihe River Basin background and basic data sets. The 1:100,000 topographic framing index of the Heihe River Basin is one of the basic geographs of the atlas, with a scale of 1:2500000, Lambert conformal conic projection, and a standard latitude: north latitude 25 47 . Data source: 1:100000 topographic map index data, Heihe River boundary.
The year-end ecological investigation was conducted in the late September and early October when plants stopped growing. There are 8 investigation and observation fields, they are: piedmont desert, piedmont Gobi, desert in the middle, Gobi in the middle reaches, desert in the middle reaches, downstream desert, downstream Gobi, and downstream desert, the size of each filed is 40m×40m. Three large quadrats of 20m×20m were selected in each observation field, named S1, S2, and S3, to conduce the regular shrub investigation; four small quadrats were selected from each large quadrat with a size of 5m×5m, named A, B, C, D, to conduct herbal investigation.
I. Overview The Yellow River is the second longest river in our country. The problem of the Yellow River's sediment has attracted the attention of people all over the world. The watershed is an important natural unit. Using the SRTM-DEM and ASTER-GEDEM data sets as the data source, under the ArcGIS software platform, the method of combining river burning method and river scalar method is used to extract the upper reaches of the Yellow River basin. The boundary of the basin from the source area of the Yellow River to the upper reaches of the Yellow River in Hekou Town. Ⅱ. Data processing description Using SRTM-DEM and ASTER-GDEM issued by the United States as data sources, under the ArcGIS software platform, the method of combining river burning method and river scalar method was used to extract the upper reaches of the Yellow River basin. Because the ratio of the rivers from the Three Lakes Estuary to Hekou Town is extremely small, there is a certain error in the boundary of the basin. Ⅲ. Data content description The map is stored in ArcGIS and .shp files. The river basin boundary spans five provinces (autonomous regions) of Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia, with a total area of 55.06 × 104 km2. Ⅳ. Data usage description Watershed boundary is an important natural unit for hydrology, soil erosion, and non-point source pollution research. By extracting watershed boundaries, the migration range of soil erosion and non-point source pollution can be delineated.