The data set includes data on precipitation, hail days and gale days in Tibet from 1989 to 1994. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The table contains 7 fields. Field 1: Year Interpretation: Year of the data Field 2: Location Field 3: Annual precipitation Unit: mm Field 4: Precipitation during May to October Unit: mm Field 5: Precipitation during November to the next April Unit: mm Field 6: Hail day Field 7: Gale day
This data set includes the daily values of temperature, pressure, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction, precipitation, radiation, and water vapor pressure observed from 22 international exchange stations in Sri Lanka from January 1, 2008 to October 1, 2018. The data was downloaded from the NCDC of NOAA. The data set processing method is that the original data is quality-controlled to form a continuous time series. It satisfies the accuracy of the original meteorological observation data of the National Weather Service and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and eliminates the systematic error caused by the failure of the tracking data and the sensor. The meteorological site information contained in this dataset is as follows: LATITUDE LONGITUDE ELEVATION  COUNTRY  STATION NAME +09.800  +080.067   +0015.0   SRI LANKA  KANKASANTURAI +09.650  +080.017   +0003.0   SRI LANKA  JAFFNA +09.267  +080.817   +0002.0   SRI LANKA  MULLAITTIVU +08.983  +079.917   +0003.0   SRI LANKA  MANNAR +08.750  +080.500   +0098.0   SRI LANKA  VAVUNIYA +08.539  +081.182   +0001.8   SRI LANKA  CHINA BAY +08.301  +080.428   +0098.8   SRI LANKA  ANURADHAPURA +08.117  +080.467   +0117.0   SRI LANKA  MAHA ILLUPPALLAMA +08.033  +079.833   +0002.0   SRI LANKA  PUTTALAM +07.706  +081.679   +0006.1   SRI LANKA  BATTICALOA +07.467  +080.367   +0116.0   SRI LANKA  KURUNEGALA +07.333  +080.633   +0477.0   SRI LANKA  KANDY +07.181  +079.866   +0008.8   SRI LANKA  BANDARANAIKE INTL COLOMBO +06.900  +079.867   +0007.0   SRI LANKA  COLOMBO +06.822  +079.886   +0006.7   SRI LANKA  COLOMBO RATMALANA +06.967  +080.767   +1880.0   SRI LANKA  NUWARA ELIYA +06.883  +081.833   +0008.0   SRI LANKA  POTTUVIL +06.817  +080.967   +1250.0   SRI LANKA  DIYATALAWA +06.983  +081.050   +0667.0   SRI LANKA  BADULLA +06.683  +080.400   +0088.0   SRI LANKA  RATNAPURA +06.033  +080.217   +0013.0   SRI LANKA  GALLE +06.117  +081.133   +0020.0   SRI LANKA  HAMBANTOTA
Based on the long-term observation data of each field station in the alpine network and overseas stations in the pan third polar region, a series of data sets of meteorological, hydrological and ecological elements in the pan third polar region are established; the inversion of data products such as meteorological elements, lake water quantity and quality, aboveground vegetation biomass, glacial and frozen soil changes are completed through enhanced observation and sample site verification in key regions; based on the IOT Network technology, the development and establishment of multi station network meteorological, hydrological, ecological data management platform, to achieve real-time access to network data and remote control and sharing. The data includes the daily meteorological observation data sets (air temperature, precipitation, wind direction and speed, relative humidity, air pressure, radiation and evaporation) of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau in 2014-2017 from 17 stations of China Alpine network. The data of the three river sources are missing.
This data set contains the data of meteorological elements observed in the pass station upstream of heihewen meteorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015.The site is located in da dong shu pass, qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.2421E, 38.0142N, and the altitude is 4148m.Data including two observation points, all in pass observatory, located about 10 m, a set of continuous observation in 2015 (30 min output), another set for September 18, 2015 in 10 m high pass new stations (10 min), specific include: air temperature, relative humidity sensors at 5 m, toward the north (two sets of observation, 10 min and 30 min output);The barometer is installed in the skid-proof box on the ground (two groups of observation, 10min and 30min output respectively);The tipping bucket rain gauge is installed at 10m;The wind speed and direction sensor is mounted at 10m, facing due north (two groups, 10min and 30min output respectively).The four-component radiometer consists of two observation points, one is installed at the meteorological tower 6m, facing due south (10min output), and the other is installed on the support 1.5m above the ground (30min output).Two infrared thermometers are installed at 6m, facing south, with the probe facing vertically downward;The soil temperature probe was buried at 0cm on the surface and 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm underground (the two groups were observed for 10min and 30min respectively).The soil moisture probe was buried in the ground at 4cm, 10cm, 20cm, 40cm, 80cm, 120cm and 160cm (the two groups were observed for 10min and 30min respectively).The soil heat flow plate was buried 6cm underground (observed in two groups, 10min (3 heat flow plates) and 30min (2 heat flow plates)). Observation projects are: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (unit: c, percentage), pressure (Press) (unit: hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_10m) (unit: m/s), wind (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit:C), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (unit: wattage/m2), soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (unit: water content by volume, percentage). Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) 144 or 48 data per day (every 10min or 30min) should be ensured.The four-component long-wave radiation output of 30min was between January 1, 2015 and January 1, 2015.The observation data was lost between 5.24 and 7.12 after 30min due to the collector problem.(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letters in the data is questionable data;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: 2015-9-10 10:30;(6) naming rules: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).
This data is conventional and satellite data of six hour resolution for the Great Lakes region of Central Asia. The conventional data include the observation of ground stations and sounding stations in the Great Lakes region of Central Asia and its surrounding areas (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Russia, Iran, Pakistan, India, etc.), and the observation elements include temperature, pressure, wind speed and humidity, with the average number of stations in each time It is about 600, and the interval between stations is between 10-100km; the satellite data comes from the cloud guide wind retrieved by polar orbiting satellites (NOAA series and MetOp Series). All the data are from the global telecommunication system (GTS), and the observation data with poor quality are eliminated through quality control. The data can be applied to the data assimilation of the Great Lakes region in Central Asia, and also to the numerical simulation of the Great Lakes region in Central Asia.
The data set contains the data of the meteorological element gradient observation system of the upper reaches of the heihe hydrological and meteorological observation network's arou super station on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017.Site is located in qilian county, qinghai province, arou township grass daban village, the underlying surface is alpine grassland.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.4643E,38.0473N, and the altitude is 3033m.The air temperature, relative humidity and wind speed sensors are installed at 1m, 2m, 5m, 10m, 15m and 25m, respectively. There are 6 floors in total, facing due north.Wind direction sensor is mounted at 10m, facing due north;The barometer is installed at 2m;The tilting rain gauge is installed on the 40m observation tower of the super station in aru.The four-component radiometer is installed at 5m, facing due south;Two infrared thermometers are mounted at 5m, facing due south, with the probe facing down vertically;The photosynthetic effective radiometer was installed at 5m, facing south, and the probe direction was vertical upward.Part of the soil sensor is buried 2m away from the south of the tower, and the soil heat flow plate (self-calibration) (3 pieces) are all buried 6cm underground.Mean soil temperature sensor (tcavr) was buried 2cm and 4cm underground.The soil temperature probe is buried at the surface 0cm and underground 2cm, 4cm, 6cm, 10cm, 15cm, 20cm, 30cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm, 160cm, 200cm, 240cm, 280cm and 320cm. There are three duplicates in the two layers of 4cm and 10cm.The soil moisture sensor was buried in the ground at 2cm, 4cm, 6cm, 10cm, 15cm, 20cm, 30cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm, 160cm, 200cm, 240cm, 280cm and 320cm respectively, and there were three replications in the two layers of 4cm and 10cm. Observation items include: wind speed (WS_1m, WS_2m, WS_5m, WS_10m, WS_15m, WS_25m) (unit: m/s), wind direction (WD_10m) (unit: degrees), air temperature and humidity (Ta_1m, Ta_2m, Ta_5m, Ta_10m, Ta_15m, Ta_25m and RH_1m, RH_2m, RH_5m, RH_10m, RH_5m) (unit: Celsius, percentage), air pressure (Press) (unit:Hundred mpa), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), the radiation of four component (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watts per square meter), the surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit: c), photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) (unit: second micromoles/m2), the average soil temperature (TCAV) (unit: c), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (unit:W/m2), soil moisture (Ms_2cm, Ms_4cm_1, Ms_4cm_2, Ms_4cm_3, Ms_6cm, Ms_10cm_1, Ms_10cm_2, Ms_10cm_3, Ms_15cm, Ms_20cm, Ms_30cm, Ms_60cm, Ms_80cm, Ms_120cm, Ms_160cm, Ms_280cm, Ms_320cm) (unit:Soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_2cm, Ts_4cm_1, Ts_4cm_2, Ts_4cm_3, Ts_6cm, Ts_10cm_1, Ts_10cm_2, Ts_15cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_30cm, Ts_60cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm, Ts_280cm, Ts_320cm) (unit:Degrees Celsius. Processing and quality control of observation data :(1) 144 data per day (every 10min) should be ensured.The data of soil temperature and humidity and soil heat flux were missing between September 9, 2015 and September 19, 2015 and between September 30 and October 20, 2015 due to power supply problems.(2) eliminate the moments with duplicate records;(3) data that obviously exceeds the physical significance or the range of the instrument is deleted;(4) the part marked with red letters in the data is questionable data;(5) the format of date and time is uniform, and the date and time are in the same column.For example, the time is: June 10, 2015 10:30;(6) naming rules: AWS+ site name. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).
This data set contains the eddy correlation observation data of arou super station upstream of heihe hydrological and meteorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017.Site is located in qilian county, qinghai province, arou township grass daban village, the underlying surface is alpine grassland.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.4643E, 38.0473N, and the altitude is 3033m.The height of the vortex correlative instrument is 3.5m, the sampling frequency is 10Hz, the ultrasonic orientation is due north, and the distance between the ultrasonic wind speed temperature meter (CSAT3) and the CO2/H2O analyzer (Li7500A) is 15cm. The original observation data of the vortex correlator is 10Hz, and the published data are the 30-minute data processed by Eddypro. The main steps of the processing include: elimination of outliers, correction of delay time, coordinate rotation (quadratic coordinate rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction, etc.Quality assessment for each intercompared to at the same time, mainly is the atmospheric stability (Δ st) and turbulent characteristics of similarity (ITC) test.The 30min flux value output by Eddypro software was also screened :(1) to eliminate the data in case of instrument error;(2) data of 1h before and after precipitation were removed;(3) data with a miss rate of more than 10% per 30min in 10Hz original data were excluded;(4) observation data of weak turbulence at night (u* less than 0.1m/s) were excluded.The average period of observation data was 30 minutes, with 48 data in a day, and the missing data was marked as -6999.Suspicious data caused by instrument drift and other reasons are marked with red font. Among them, calibration data of vortex system Li7500A on April 16-17 is missing.When the memory card fails to store data, resulting in the loss of 10Hz data (9.20-10.21,11.3-11.18), the data is replaced by the 30min flux data output by the collector. The published observations include:Date/Time for the Date/Time, wind Wdir (°), Wnd horizontal wind speed (m/s), standard deviation Std_Uy lateral wind speed (m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature Tv (℃), the water vapor density H2O (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration CO2 (mg/m3), friction velocity Ustar) (m/s), Mr. Hoff length L (m), sensible heat flux Hs (W/m2), latent heat flux LE (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux Fc (mg/(m2s)), the quality of the sensible heat flux identifier QA_Hs, the quality of the latent heat flux identifier QA_LE,Mass identification of co2 flux.The quality of the sensible heat and latent heat, carbon dioxide flux identification is divided into three (quality id 0: (Δ st < 30, the ITC < 30);1: (Δ st < 100, ITC < 100);The rest is 2).The meaning of data time, for example, 0:30 represents the average of 0:00-0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).
The hydrological ecological process at the loess basin scale and its response to global climate change is a project of the Major Research plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China - Environmental and Ecological Science in Western China. The project is led by liu wenzhao, a researcher from the institute of water and soil conservation, ministry of water resources, Chinese academy of sciences. The project runs from January 2003 to December 2005. The project submitted data: The CLIGEN parameter and output dataset of the Loess Plateau: It was generated during the evaluation and improvement of the practicality of the weather generator CLIGEN in the Loess Plateau. The dataset includes parameter data files for driving CLIGEN and 100-year daily weather data files generated by running CLIGEN from 71 meteorological stations on the Loess Plateau. The 71 sites are distributed in 7 provinces (Shanxi, Shanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Henan, and Qinghai). Each file is individually saved in ASCII format and can be opened for viewing with text programs. This data set is generated based on long-term serial daily meteorological data measured by 71 meteorological stations on the Loess Plateau. Daily meteorological parameters include: precipitation, maximum, minimum, and average temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, wind speed and direction. The data comes from the China Meteorological Science Data Sharing Service Network and the Loess Plateau Soil and Water Conservation Database. Among them, solar radiation data is available at only 12 sites on the Loess Plateau. The solar radiation parameters at other sites are generated by kriging space interpolation. The dew point temperature is calculated using the average temperature and relative humidity.
The China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (CMFD) is a high spatial-temporal resolution gridded near-surface meteorological dataset that was developed specifically for studies of land surface processes in China. The dataset was made through fusion of remote sensing products, reanalysis dataset and in-situ observation data at weather stations. Its record starts from January 1979 and keeps extending (currently up to December 2018) with a temporal resolution of three hours and a spatial resolution of 0.1°. Seven near-surface meteorological elements are provided in CMFD, including 2-meter air temperature, surface pressure, specific humidity, 10-meter wind speed, downward shortwave radiation, downward longwave radiation and precipitation rate.
Based on the geostationary satellites and reanalysis data, the China Regional Atmospheric Driving Dataset is a set of atmospheric driving data sets with high spatiotemporal resolution prepared by the China Meteorological Administration, with a spatial resolution of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° and a temporal resolution of 1 Hours, covering a range of 75 ° -135 ° east longitude and 15 ° -55 ° north latitude, include 6 elements of near-surface temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, near-surface wind speed, incident solar radiation on the ground, and ground precipitation rate. The preparation process of precipitation products is as follows: The 6-hour cumulative precipitation estimated from the multi-channel data of the China Fengyun-2 geostationary satellite is integrated with the 6-hour cumulative precipitation from conventional ground observations to obtain 6-hour cumulative precipitation spatial distribution data, and then use the high-resolution cloud classification information retrieved from the multi-channel inversion of the geostationary satellites determines the interpolation time weight of the cumulative precipitation and obtains an estimated one-hour cumulative precipitation. The preparation process of the radiation data is as follows: The surface incident solar radiation based on FY-2C, uses the radiation transmission model DISORT (Discrete Ordinates Radiative Transfer Program for a Multi-Layered Plane-parallel Medium) to calculate the radiation transmission and obtains the data of surface incident solar radiation in China. Preparation process of other elements: The space and time interpolation method is used for the NCEP reanalysis data of 1.0 ° × 1.0 ° to obtain driving factors such as near-surface air temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, and near-surface wind speed of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° per hour. Physical meaning of each variable: Meteorological Elements || Variable Name || Unit || Physical Meaning | Surface temperature || TBOT || K || Surface temperature (2m) | Surface pressure || PSRF || Pa || Surface pressure | Relative humidity on the ground || RH || kg / kg || Relative humidity near the ground (2m) | Wind speed on the ground || WIND || m / s || Wind speed near the ground (anemometer height) | Surface incident solar radiation || FSDS || W / m2 || Surface incident solar radiation | Precipitation Rate || PRECTmms || mm / hr || Precipitation Rate For more information, see the data documentation published with the data.