This data set includes the temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction and other daily values in the observation point of Kongque River Source. The data is observed from July 2, 2012 to September 15, 2017. It is measured by automatic meteorological station (Onset Company) and a piece of data is recorded every 2 hours. The original data forms a continuous time series after quality control, and the daily mean index data is obtained through calculation. The original data meets the accuracy requirements of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for meteorological observation. Quality control includes eliminating the systematic error caused by the missing point data and sensor failure.
The Sentinel-1 satellite is an Earth observation satellite of the Copernicus Plan of the European Space Agency (GMES), which carries a C-band synthetic aperture radar. It was launched on April 3, 2014 and was on trial operation on August 7. Sentinel-1 can be used for Arctic sea ice and average sea ice surveying and mapping, marine environmental monitoring and research, ground motion risk monitoring, forest mapping, and water and soil management and mapping to support humanitarian assistance and crisis situations. The Sentinel-1 orbital period is approximately 96 minutes, and the operational life is expected to be 7.25 years, allowing for up to 400 km of scanning. The Antarctic and Greenland Sentinel-1A SAR data sets are extra-wide (EW) mode data sets acquired by the Sentinel-1 satellite. The SAR data of this mode can be interfered by TOPSAR technology. It is mainly used in areas with large coverage and short revisit period such as the sea, glaciers and polar regions. The revisit period is 12 days, and the resolution is 20 m×40 m. The temporal coverage of the Antarctic is from July to December of 2015, and that of Greenland is from April to October of 2015. The Ground Range Detected (GRD) type Level-1 product in the data set comprises the focused data after multiview processing and WGS-84 elliptical projection. The pixel information represents the amplitude information of the detection area. Eliminating the heat noise can improve the image quality. The data for each scene are stored in a zip file. Each zip file consists of four folders (annotation, measurement, preview, and support), a manifest.safe file, and a pdf description file.
This dataset includes the temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind speed, wind direction and other daily values in the observation point of Shiquan River Source. The data is observed from July 2, 2012 to August 5, 2014, and from September 30, 2015 to December 25, 2015. It is measured by automatic meteorological station (Onset Company) and a piece of data is recorded every 2 hours. The original data forms a continuous time series after quality control, and the daily mean index data is obtained through calculation. The original data meets the accuracy requirements of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for meteorological observation. Quality control includes eliminating the systematic error caused by the missing point data and sensor failure. The data is stored as an excel file.
The data set contains eddy covariance System observation data of Barren-land Station which is located in the lower reaches of the Heihe Hydro-meteorological Observation Network from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015. The site is located in Sidaoqiao, Ejina Banner, Inner Mongolia, and the underlying surface is barren land. The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 101.1326E, 41.9993N, and the altitude is 878m. The mount height of the Eddy Covariance System is 3.5 m, the sampling frequency is 10 Hz, the ultrasonic orientation is north, and the distance between the ultrasonic wind speed temperature meter (CSAT3) and the CO2/H2O analyzer (Li7500) is 15 cm. The original observation data of the Eddy Covariance System is 10 Hz, and the released data is a 30-minute data processed by Eddypro software. The main steps of the processing include: outlier eliminating, delay time correction, coordinates rotation (secondary coordinates rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction, etc. Meanwhile, the quality evaluation of each flux value was performed,mainly includes atmospheric stability (Δst) test and turbulence similarity (ITC) test. The 30-min flux value output of Eddypro software was also screened: (1) Data from the instrument error was eliminated; (2) Data obtained with one hour before and after precipitation was removed; (3) Data with a deletion rate greater than 10% of the 10 Hz raw data every 30 minutes was eliminated; (4) Observation data of weak turbulence at night (u* less than 0.1 m/s) was excluded. The average period of observation data is 30 minutes, 48 data per day, and the missing data is marked as -6999. The data was missing due to Li7500 calibration of the eddy system on April 7 and 8; the suspicious data caused by instrument drift and other reasons was marked by red fonts. Published observation data include: date/time Date/Time, wind direction(°), horizontal wind speed(m/s), lateral wind speed standard deviation(m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature (°C), water vapor density (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration(mg/m3), friction velocity (m/s), length (m), sensible heat flux(W/m2), latent heat flux (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux (mg/(m2s)), sensible heat flux quality identification QA_Hs, latent heat flux quality identification QA_LE, carbon dioxide flux quality identification QA_Fc. The quality identification of sensible heat, latent heat, and carbon dioxide flux is divided into three levels (quality mark 0: (Δst <30, ITC<30); 1: (Δst <100, ITC<100); the rest is 2). The meaning of the data time, such as 0:30 represents an average data of 0:00-0:30; the data is stored in *.xls format. For hydro-meteorological network or station information, please refer to Li et al. (2013). For observation data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).
This data originates from the National Geographic Information Resources Catalogue Service System, which was provided free to the public by the National Basic Geographic Information Center in November 2017. We have spliced and cut the source of the three rivers as a whole, so as to facilitate the use of the study of the source area of the three rivers. The data trend is 2015. This data set includes 1:250,000 natural place names (AANP) in Sanjiangyuan area, including traffic element names, memorial sites and historic sites, mountain names, water system names, marine geographical names, natural geographical names, etc. Natural Place Name Data (AANP) Attribute Item Names and Definitions: Attribute Item Description Fill in Example NAME Name Ramsay Laboniwa PINYIN Chinese Pinyin Lamusailabaoniwa CLASS Toponymic Classification Code HB