Automatic monitoring data of groundwater level depth and salinity of three shallow groundwater observation Wells in ejin delta. Data contents include: observation well number, geographical coordinates, description of surface features, buried depth of groundwater level (unit: cm), salinity (unit: mS/cm). In terms of space, the dynamic monitoring of water and salt is set up in desert gobi area, natural oasis area and artificial oasis area in ejin delta, representing three typical underlying surface conditions.Since May 12, 2011, the frequency of observation has been 30 minutes.
Field survey data of ecological vegetation sample in ejin delta during the project implementation period. A sample of ecological vegetation survey near 31 groundwater salinity observation points in ejin delta.The main investigation items include: plant species, plant structure, number, height, base diameter, crown width, coverage, frequency, etc.Time: 2010 and 2011 (july-august).
Soil survey data corresponding to the ejin delta and the ecological vegetation sample during the project implementation period. Soil profile sampling corresponding to the ecological vegetation survey in ejin delta (5), 20 cm stratified sampling.Investigation items included: soil salinity, soil organic matter, C, N, P, etc., time: August 2011.
This data includes the fAPAR and Lai data collected in 2011. The acquisition equipment is SunScan and LAI-2000. Among them, fAPAR measures 4 times of spread value. The sampling points are located in Zhangye agricultural demonstration base on July 30, 2011, next to national highway 312 in Ejina banner on August 4, sandaoqiao in Ejina banner on August 5 and Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center on August 6, 2011. Around Zhangye from July 4 to July 15, 2012.
The dataset of photosynthesis was observed by LI-6400XT Portable Photosynthesis System in the natural oasis eco-hydrology experimental area of the Heihe River Basin. Observation items included the main vegetation type in the lower reaches of Heihe river: Populus forest, which located in the Populus forest station and the mixed forest station of Ejinaqi. Observation periods lasted from 2014-07-24 to 2014-07-31. This dataset included the raw observation data of the Populus forest observed by LI-6400 during the observation periods. 1） Objectives of observation The photosynthetic datasets can be used in the study of plant physiological ecology characteristic and the simulation and validation for the eco-hydrological models. 2） Instrument and theory of the observation Measuring instrument: LI-6400XT Portable Photosynthesis System. Measuring theory: Using the infrared gas analyzer to measure the change of CO2 concentration, and then measuring the differences of CO2 concentration between the sample chamber and the referenced chamber so as to acquire the net productivity of the leaf. 3） Time and site of observation Observation site in the Populus forest station. Observation time: 2014-07-24 Observation site in the mixed forest station. Observation time: From 2014-07-25 to 2014-07-31. 4） Data processing The raw data of LI-6400 were archived in text format and can be opened by text editor or excel, the preprocessed data were in Excel format. Every time period of observation was archived in a single document, named as “date + type”.