This data set includes a monthly composite of 30 m × 30 m surface vegetation coverage products in the Qilian Mountain Area in 2019. In this paper, the maximum value composition (MVC) method is used to synthesize monthly NDVI products and calculate FVC by using the reflectance data of Landsat 8 and sentinel 2 red and near infrared channels. The data is monthly synthesized by Google Earth engine cloud platform, and the index is calculated by the model. The missing pixels are interpolated with good quality, which can be used in environmental change monitoring and other fields.
The data includes the county-level data of characteristic agriculture distribution in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, which lays the foundation for the spatial distribution and development of characteristic agriculture in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
1、 Data Description: the data includes the river flow data at the outlet of No.2 catchment of hulugou small watershed from May 4, 2016 to September 3, 2016. 2、 Sampling location: the coordinates of river flow monitoring section are located at the outlet of No. 2 catchment near the red wall, with the coordinates of 99 ° 52 ′ 58.40 ″ E and 38 ° 14 ′ 36.85 ″ n.
1、 Data Description: the data includes the observation data of groundwater level in the delta area of hulugou small watershed from July 24, 2014 to September 11, 2014, with the monitoring frequency of 1H / time. 2、 Sampling location: the groundwater level observation point is located at the top of the alluvial proluvial fan in front of the delta mountain, with the coordinates of 99 ° 52'45.38 "E, 38 ° 15'21.27" n.
1. data description Soil temperature monitoring in typical soil profile of hongnigou is divided into seven layers, with depth distribution of 20cm, 40cm, 60cm, 80cm, 120cm, 160cm and 230cm.The frequency of observation is 1 time /60 minutes.The time range of observation data is from August 25, 2013 to May 1, 2014. 2. Sampling location The soil temperature monitoring point of the typical soil profile in the small basin of cucurbitou was set in the middle and lower part of the red mud ditch, and its geographical coordinates were 99 ° 52 '25.98 "E, 38 ° 15' 36.11" N. 3. Test method Soil Temperature was observed using HOBO Pendant® Temperature/Light Data Logger 64k-ua-002-64 Temperature recorder.
In the permafrost area of the upper reaches of Heihe River, 11 numbered typical boreholes are selected, and the thickness values of permafrost and seasonal permafrost are calculated by the temperature interpolation of boreholes. The 0 degree isothermal surface is set as the bottom plate of permafrost and seasonal permafrost. The data include borehole number, longitude and latitude, thickness of frozen soil and type of frozen soil.
The output data of the distributed eco hydrological model (gbehm) in the upper reaches of Heihe River includes the spatial distribution data series of 1-km grid. Region: Heihe River (Yingluo gorge), Beida River (Binggou new land), temporal resolution: Monthly Scale, spatial resolution: 1km, period: 1960-2014. Data include precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff depth, soil volume water content (0-100cm). All data are in ASCII format. Please refer to the basin.asc file in the reference directory for the spatial range of the basin. Projection parameters of model results: sphere_Arc_Info_Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area
The output data of the distributed eco hydrological model (gbehm) in the upper reaches of Heihe River includes the spatial distribution data series of 1-km grid. Region: upper reaches of Heihe River (Yingluo gorge), temporal resolution: Monthly Scale, spatial resolution: 1km, period: 2015-2070 (future scenario). The data include precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff depth and average temperature. All data are in ASCII format. Please refer to the basin.asc file in the reference directory for the spatial range of the basin. Projection parameters of model results: sphere_Arc_Info_Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_Area
Based on the study of the terrace formation age in the upper reaches of heihe river, photoluminescence samples were collected from the sediments of grade 6 river terrace near the upper reaches of qilian river.The quartz particles (38-63 microns) in the sample were isolated in the laboratory, the equivalent dose and dose rate in the quartz particles were measured, and the photoluminescence age of the sample was finally obtained.The obtained ages range from 5ka to 82ka, corresponding to the years of cutting down the terraces of all levels.
1、 Data Description: the data includes the content of silica in snowmelt water and soil water in hulugou small watershed from May 2013 to April 2014. 2、 Sampling location: the sampling point of snowmelt water is located near 600m below No.2 meteorological station, with ground elevation of 3514.45m, longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 20.655 ″ e, 38 ° 14 ′ 14.987 ″ n. The sampling point of soil water is located at 300m above and below the No.2 meteorological station, with the longitude and latitude of 99 ° 53 ′ 31.333 ″ E and 38 ° 13 ′ 50.637 ″ n. 3、 Measurement method: the content of silica in the sample was measured by ICP-AES. Silicon dioxide is replaced by the value of Si in the solution.