The land cover/use data in key areas of the Qilian Mountain (2018)
  • 2019-09-15
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This data set is the land use data of the key areas of Qilian mountain in 2018, spatial resolution 2m. This data set is based on the data of climate, altitude, topography, and land cover type of the Qilian mountain. Through the high-resolution remote sensing images to interprets the surface cover types. For the land types that cannot be reflected by the images, collect relevant data in the field, check and correct the land use types. At the same time, the maps and attribute information are uniformly entered and edited to form land use data in the Qilian Mountain area in 2018.

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300-m ESA climate change initiative land cover (CCI-LC) in Sanjiangyuan (1992-2015)
  • 2019-09-13
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The data set contains land cover data sets from the Yellow River Source, the Yangtze River Source, and the Lancang River from 1992 to 2015. A total of 22 land cover classifications based on the UN Land Cover Classification System were included. NOAA AVHRR, SPOT, ENVISAT, PROBA-V and other vegetation classification products were integrated. In China, (1) first, combined with the 1:100,000 vegetation classification (2007) of China, quality correction and control were performed, and (2) the vegetation classification of China emphasized the combination with climate zones, when correcting CCI-LC, climate divisions and the corresponding vegetation types were combined, and the data label was comprehensively revised.

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The 30-m land cover data of Tibetan Plateau (2010)
  • 2019-09-13
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These data contain two data files: GLOBELAND30 TILES (raw data) and TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC (mosaic data). The raw data were downloaded from the Global Land Cover Data website (GlobalLand3) (http://www.globallandcover.com) and cover the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas. The raw data were stored in frames, and for the convenience of using the data, we use Erdas software to splice and mosaic the raw data. The Global Land Cover Data (GlobalLand30) is the result of the “Global Land Cover Remote Sensing Mapping and Key Technology Research”, which is a key project of the National 863 Program. Using the American Landsat images (TM5, ETM+) and Chinese Environmental Disaster Reduction Satellite images (HJ-1), the data were extracted by a comprehensive method based on pixel classification-object extraction-knowledge checks. The data include 10 primary land cover types—cultivated land, forest, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, tundra, man-made cover, bare land, glacier and permanent snow—without extracting secondary types. In terms of accuracy assessment, nine types and more than 150,000 test samples were evaluated. The overall accuracy of the GlobeLand30-2010 data is 80.33%. The Kappa indicator is 0.75. The GlobeLand30 data use the WGS84 coordinate system, UTM projection, and 6-degree banding, and the reference ellipsoid is the WGS 84 ellipsoid. According to different latitudes, the data are organized into two types of framing. In the regions of 60° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 6° (longitude); in the regions of 60° to 80° north and south latitudes, the framing is carried out according to a size of 5° (latitude) × 12° (longitude). The framing is projected according to the central meridian of the odd 6° band. GLOBELAND30 TILES: The original, unprocessed raw data are retained. TIBET_ GLOBELAND30_MOSAIC: The Erdas software is used to mosaic the raw data. The parameter settings use the default value of the raw data to retain the original, and the accuracy is consistent with that of the downloading site.

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HiWATER: Simultaneous observation dataset of river surface temperature in the middle reaches of the Heihe River Basin on Jul. 3 and Jul. 4, 2012
  • 2019-09-12
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The aim of the simultaneous observation of river surface temperature is obtaining the river surface temperature of different places, while the sensor of thermal infrared go into the experimental areas of artificial oases eco-hydrology on the middle stream. All the river surface temperature data will be used for validation of the retrieved river surface temperature from thermal infrared sensor and the analysis of the scale effect of the river surface temperature, and finally serve for the validation of the plausibility checks of the surface temperature product from remote sensing. 1. Observation sites and other details Ten river sections were chosen to observe surface temperature simultaneously in the midstream of Heihe River Basin on 3 July and 4 July, 2012, including Sunan Bridge, Binhe new area, Heihe Bridge, Railway Bridge, Wujiang Bridge, Gaoya Hydrologic Station, Banqiao, Pingchuan Bridge, Yi’s Village, Liu’s Bridge. Self-recording point thermometers (observed once every 6 seconds) were used in Railway Bridge and Gaoya Hydrologic Station while handheld infrared thermometers (observed once of the river section temperature for every 15 minutes) were used in other eight places. 2. Instrument parameters and calibration The field of view of the self-recording point thermometer and the handheld infrared thermometer are 10 and 1 degree, respectively. The emissivity of the latter was assumed to be 0.95. All instruments were calibrated on 6 July, 2012 using black body during observation. 3. Data storage All the observation data were stored in excel.

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HiWATER: Dataset of surface temperature of water body in Er’ba Reservoir
  • 2019-09-12
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Er’ba Reservoir surface temperature of water body can offer in situ calibration data for TASI, WiDAS and L band sensor used in aerospace experiment. Observation Site: This site is 14 KM away from East of ZhangYe city. It’s located in Er’ba village, JianTan town, ZhangYe city. The coordinates of this site: 38°54′57.14" N, 100°36′57.39" E. Observation Instrument: The observation system consists of two SI-111 infrared radiometers (Campbell, USA) and two 109SS temperature probes (Campbell, USA). Two SI-111 sensors, one installed vertically downward to water surface, another face to south of zenith angle 35°. Temperature probes float under water surface at 0 cm. SI-111 sensor installed at 3.0 m height, 3.4 m away from water edge. Observation Time: This site operates from 27 May, 2012 to 27 September, 2012. Observation data laagered by every 5 seconds uninterrupted. Output data contained sample data of every 5 seconds and mean data of 1 minute. Accessory data: Water surface infrared temperature (by SI-111), sky infrared temperature (by SI-111), water surface temperature (by 109ss) can be obtained. Dataset is stored in *.dat file, which can be read by Microsoft excel or other text processing software (UltraEdit, et. al). Table heads meaning: TarT_Atm, Sky infrared temperature (℃) @ facing south of zenith angle 35°; SBT_Atm, body temperature of SI-111 sensor (℃) measured sky; TarT_Sur, water surface infrared temperature @ 3.0 m height; SBT_Sur, body temperature of SI-111 sensor (℃) measured water surface; WaterT_1, WaterT_2, water surface temperature (℃) measured by 109SS temperature probes. Dataset is stored day by day, named as: data format + site name + interval time + date + time. The detailed information about data item showed in data header introduction in dataset.

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Land cover dataset with 30m spatial resolution over Qilian Mountain area (1985-2017) V1.0
  • 2019-09-12
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This dataset contains land cover products in Qilian Mountain Area from 1985 to 2017 every 5 years. The dataset was produced by two steps. Firstly, land cover product in 2015 is produced using time series Landsat-8/OLI data. In view of the different NDVI time series curves of various land features with time variation, the knowledge of different land features is summarized, the extraction rules of different land features are set, and the land cover classification map in 2015 is obtained. The classification system refers to IGBP and FROM_LC classification system. It is divided into 10 categories: cultivated land, woodland, grassland, shrub, wetland, water body, impermeable surface, bare land, glacier and snow cover. According to the accuracy evaluation of Google Earth high-definition image and field survey data, the overall accuracy of land cover classification products in 2015 is as high as 92.19%. Secondly, taking the land cover classification products in 2015 as the base map, a large number of samples are selected according to the proportion of different types. Based on the Landsat series data and powerful data processing ability of Google Earth Engine platform, the random forest classifier is selected to train the band information and NDVI, MNDWI, NDBI and other indices by using the idea of in-depth learning. The land of each five-year period from 1985 to 2017 is produced. By comparing two classified products in 2015, it is concluded that the land cover classified products based on Google Earth Engine platform have good consistency with those based on time series method. In conclusion, the land cover data set in the core area of Qilian Mountains has high overall accuracy , and the method based on sample training of Google Earth Engine platform can expand the existing classification products in time and space, and the frequency of every five years can reflect more land cover type change information in long time series.

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Elaborate boundaries of Chinese major deserts (2013)
  • 2019-08-09
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The major deserts in China include the Taklamakan Desert, Gurban Tunggut Desert, Qaidam Desert, Kumtag Desert, Badain Jaran Desert, Tengger Desert, Ulan Buh Desert, Hobq Desert, MU US Desert, Hunshandake Desert, Hulunbuir Sands, and Horqin Sands. All the desert boundaries were derived from Google Earth Pro® via manual interpretation. We delineated the desert boundaries using the Digital Global Feature Imagery and SpotImage collections of Google Earth Pro®, whose spatial resolution is finer than 30 m. The acquisition time of most images was in 2013. The dataset could provide study reference for the science community of desert sciences.

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Dune-types of Chinese major deserts (2001-2015)
  • 2019-07-24
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According to ecological indicator, the dune-type is classified into mobile dune, semifixed dune and fixed dune. Vegetation cover is one of the most common indicators of dune type. We classified the dunes into mobile, semifixed, and fixed dunes according to the vegetation percentage (the percent tree cover plus the percent nontree vegetation) from 0 to 10, 10 to 30, and 30 to 100. The data used herein for dune-type classification was the MODIS Vegetation Continuous Field (VCF) product (MOD44B collection 6) with a spatial resolution of 231.656 m, time span was from 2001 to 2015, study area was Chinese major deserts, please see the Elaborate boundary of Chinese major deserts (2013). The dataset could provide study reference for the science community of desert sciences.

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Spatial distribution map of marsh in the source region of the Yellow River on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (2013)
  • 2019-06-23
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This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source region of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30 m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.

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