The data set contains the grassland types in Tibet from 1988 to 1994. The data were derived from the Tibet Society and Economics Statistical Yearbook and the Tibet Statistical Yearbook. The accuracy of the data is consistent with that of the statistical yearbook. The table contains 6 fields. Field 1: Year Interpretation: Year of the data Field 2: Grassland types Field 3: Main grassland Field 4: Vegetation Coverage Unit:% Field 5: General fresh grass yield Unit: kg/mu Field 6: Proportion in grassland of the whole region Unit:%
The Northwest Institute of Ec-Environment and Resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences organized a team of 9 and 5 people to carry out the research on "key technologies and demonstration for vegetation restoration and reconstruction in desertification land " from the middle and lower reaches of the Amu Darya River basin to the surrounding area of the Aral Sea from April 3, 2019 to April 30, 2019 and from September 16 to 28, 2019, respectively, and investigated the middle and lower reaches of the Amu Darya River basin to the surrounding area of the Aral Sea The site includes Tashkent, Samarkand, Navoi, Bukhara, Nukus, muinak, etc., with a total length of more than 4000 kilometers. It mainly conducts UAV low altitude remote sensing, plant community investigation, soil type, climate and soil moisture status comprehensive investigation in different degree of degradation desertification areas, and samples of plant, soil are taken. A total of 30 sample plots were investigated, and data sets of desertification degree and distribution characteristics, vegetation type and distribution, soil type and physical and chemical properties were obtained.
The data include the datasets of temporal changes in water level, water storage and area of the Aral sea (1911−2017), the inter-decadal change of ecosystem structure (NDVI—Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) of the Aral sea (1977−2017), and dust intensity (EDI—Enhanced Dust Index) in the Aral sea (2000−2018). Using data fusion technology in the construction of a lake basin terrain, terrain based on remote sensing monitoring and field investigation, on the basis of the analysis of the Aral sea terrain data, generalized analyses the water - area - the changes of water content, the formation of water - water - area of temporal variation data set, can clearly reflect the Aral sea water change process and the present situation, provide basic data for the Aral sea environmental change research. The NDVI was used to reflect the vegetation ecology in the receding area. Landsat satellite data, with a spatial resolution of 30 m, was used for NDVI analysis in 1977, 1987, 1997, 2007, and 2017. Based on ENVI and GIS software, remote sensing image fusion, index calculation, and water extraction were used to determine the lake surface and lakeshore line of the Aral sea. The lakeside line in the south of the Aral sea is taken as the starting point, and it extends for 3 km to the receding area. The variation characteristics of vegetation NDVI in the lakeside zone within 0-3 km are obtained to reflect the structural changes of the lakeside ecosystem. EDI was extracted from MODIS image data. This index is introduced into the dust optical density to enhance the dust information to form the enhanced dust index. Based on remote sensing monitoring, the use of EDI, established the Aral sea area-EDI index curve, the curve as the construction of the Aral sea dry lake bed dust release and meteorological factors, quantitative relationship laid the foundation of soil physical and chemical properties, in order to determine the control of sand/salt dust in the reasonable area of the lake.
The dataset is the land cover of Qing-Tibet Plateau in 2013. The data format is a TIFF file, spatial resolution is 300 meters, including crop land, grassland, forest land, urban land, and so on. The dataset offers a geographic fundation for studying the interaction between urbanization and ecological reservation of Qing-Tibet Plateau. This land cover data is a product of CCI-LC project conducted by European Space Agency. The coordinate reference system of the dataset is a geographic coordinate system based on the World Geodetic System 84 reference ellipsoid. There are 22 major classes of land covers. The data were generated using multiple satellite data sources, including MERIS FR/RR, AVHRR, SPOT-VGT, PROBA-V. Validation analysis shows the overall accuracy of the dataset is more than 70%, but it varies with locations and land cover types.
The data set includes the spatial distribution of grass yield in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2017. The gross primary productivity (GPP) of grassland in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau was simulated based on the ecological hydrological dynamic model VIP (vegetation interface process) with independent intellectual property of Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The net primary productivity (NPP) was estimated by empirical coefficient, and converted it into dry matter, and then the hay yield was estimated by root-shoot ratio. The spatial resolution is 1km. The data set will provide the basis for grassland resource management, development, utilization and the formulation of the strategy of "grass for livestock".
Ecosystem Net Primary Productivity (NPP) is a key parameter in the study of global change. It provides a basis for applying ecological methods to study the carbon flux, carbon storage and carbon cycle of ecosystems, and to evaluate the global carbon balance, regional contribution and response of ecosystems. At present, MODIS satellite data product is an important data source for retrieving the total primary productivity of ecosystems. The 500-meter and annual MODIS ecosystem net primary productivity dataset of key nodes (2002-2014) is obtained and stored by tailoring and estimating the biomass and organic carbon accumulation in 18 key nodes (Bangkok, Burma_Port, Chittagong, Colombo, Dhaka, Gwadar_Port, Hambantota, Huangjing_Port_and_Malacca, Karachi, Kolkata, Kuantan, Maldives, Mandalay, Mumbai, Sihanouk, Taizhong_Luoyong, Vientiane, Yangon) from 2002 to 2014 from MODIS products (MYD17A3H).
The data set contains the monthly net primary productivity data of 2012-2015. The data is based on the temperature, precipitation, solar radiation and other climatic elements of the daily value data set of China's surface climate data, as well as the data of evapotranspiration et, potential PET, photosynthetic effective absorption ratio FPAR, NDVI and maximum light utilization rate, which are calculated by CASA model. The calculation results are verified by the data of Sanjiangyuan sampling point, The correlation coefficient is 0.718. The data set can be directly used for the analysis of grassland vegetation change in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, providing the basis for dynamic monitoring of grassland change, and for the management of Grassland Change in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.
This data is the spatial distribution map of ecological shelters in Nursultan, the capital of Kazakhstan in 2018. The types of features in the map mainly include shelter forests, roads, buildings, lakes and rivers. The data source is four sentinel images in August 2018, with a resolution of 10 meters. At the same time, overlay the vector map of OSM global features. The data set is more accurate after correction. Through visual interpretation and field investigation, the extraction of shelter forest spot has high precision. The data reflects the spatial distribution of urban ecological shelters in Nursultan, the capital of Kazakhstan. At the same time, it has an important reference value for the long-term monitoring of the spatial and temporal pattern of shelter forests.
The net primary productivity (NPP) of vegetation reflects the efficiency of plant to fix and transform light energy into compounds. It refers to the amount of organic matter accumulated by green plants in unit time and unit area. It is the total amount of organic matter produced by plant photosynthesis (gross primary productivity, GPP) minus autotrophic respiration n. The remainder after RA), also known as net primary productivity. NPP, as an important part of surface carbon cycle, not only directly reflects the production capacity of vegetation community in the natural environment, but also an important part of measuring regional land use / cover change. The net primary productivity data product is a kind of multi-scale grid data product which is retrieved from a variety of satellite remote sensing data (Landsat, MODIS, etc.) by using the glow model algorithm. This data is also the main factor to determine and adjust the ecological process.
This data set is a three-level classification map of Eurasian grassland remote sensing in 2009. The data is in TIF grid format, with a spatial resolution of 1km. The three-level grassland is classified as: temperate meadow grassland, temperate typical grassland, temperate desertification grassland, temperate grassland desertification, and temperate desert. The data is processed according to the ESA global cover 2009 Product global cover map, combined with the historical meteorological data (precipitation, annual accumulated temperature, humidity coefficient, evaporation) and DEM data of ECMWF website. The data can be used to provide the basis for the distribution information and temporal and spatial variation analysis of warm grassland in Eurasia.