This data set includes daily average data of atmospheric temperature, relative humidity, precipitation, wind speed, wind direction, net radiance, and atmospheric pressure from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2016 derived from the Integrated Observation and Research Station of the Alpine Environment in Southeast Tibet. The data set has been used by students and researchers in the fields of meteorology, atmospheric environment and ecological research. The units of the various meteorological elements are as follows: temperature °C; precipitation mm; relative humidity %; wind speed m/s; wind direction °; net radiance W/m2; pressure hPa; and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm μg/m3. All the data are the daily averages calculated from the raw observations. Observations and data collection were carried out in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications and the guidelines published in relevant academic journals; data with obvious errors were eliminated during processing, and null values were used to represent the missing data. In 2015, due to issues related to the age of the observation probe at the station, only the wind speed data for the last 8 months were retained.
This data set includes daily average data on soil temperature, humidity and carbon flux obtained from a station in Southeast Tibet from 2007 to December 2016. The data collection site is the atmospheric environment observation site of the Integrated Observation and Research Station of the Alpine Environment in Southeast Tibet, which is run by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The site is located at longitude 94°44'18", latitude 29°45'56" and is at an elevation of 3326 m. The observation instrument models are as follows: Soil temperature: Campbell Co 107; Soil humidity: Campbell Co CS616; Carbon flux: Collector model: C3000, Measurement interval: 10 seconds; The observations and data collection were performed in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and the data have been published in relevant academic journals. Data with obvious errors were removed, and missing data were replaced with null values. Observation of the soil thermal flux was stopped in 2013. In 2015, due to damage to the station probe, soil temperature and humidity data were recorded only for the first two months, the probe was repaired in April 2016.
This data set contains the daily values of water temperature and water level change in Ranwu Lake in Tibet from May 15, 2009, to December 31, 2016. Observation instrument model: an automatic HOBO water level and temperature logger U20-001-01; acquisition time: 30 minutes. The data were collected automatically. The observations and data collection were performed in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and the data have been published in relevant academic journals. Data with obvious errors were removed, and the missing data were replaced by null values. Data collection location: Ranwu Lake, southeast Tibet Middle lake outlet: longitude: 96°46'16"; latitude: 29°29'28"; elevation: 3928 m. Lower Lake outlet: longitude: 96°38'52"; latitude: 29°28'52"; elevation: 3923 m. Laigu upper Lake: longitude: 94°49'49"; latitude: 29°18'07"; elevation: 4025 m. This data contains fileds as follows: Field 1: Site Number Data type: Alphanumeric characters (50) Field 2: Time Data type: Date type Field 3: Water temperature, °C Data type: Double-precision floating-point format Field 4: Relative water level, cm Data type: Double-precision floating-point format
This data set contains data on the concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and total suspended particulate (TSP) in the atmosphere at a station in southeastern Tibet (Lulang). The samples were collected using an atmospheric active sampler equipped with a tandem fibreglass membrane-polyurethane foam sampling head. The gaseous POPs and TSPs were collected. The sampling period for each sample was 2 weeks. The types of observed POPs include organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Only gaseous concentrations were detected for OCPs and PCBs, while both gaseous concentrations and particulate concentrations were detected for PAHs. All of the data contained in the data set are measurement data. The samples were collected in the field at the Integrated Observation and Research Station of the Alpine Environment in Southeast Tibet. The sampler was an atmospheric flow active sampler equipped with a tandem fibreglass membrane-polyurethane foam sampling head, in which the fibreglass membrane was used to collect TSPs and the polyurethane foam was used to adsorb gaseous pollutants in the atmosphere. During the sampling period, the sampler was run every other day for approximately 24 hours each time, and each sample was collected for 2 weeks. The atmospheric volume collected for each sample was 500-700 cubic metres. Both gaseous and particulate POP samples were prepared and analysed in the Key Laboratory of Tibetan Environment Changes and Land Surface Processes, CAS. The sample preparation steps included Soxhlet extraction, silica-alumina column purification, removal of macromolecular impurities by a GPC column, concentration to a defined volume, etc. The analytical test instrument was a gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometer (Finnigan-TRACE GC/PolarisQ) produced by Thermo Fisher Scientific. The column used to separate OCPs and PCBs was a CP-Sil 8CB capillary column (50 m × 0.25 mm × 0.25 μm), and the column used to separate PAHs was a DB-5MS capillary column (60 m x 0.25 mm x 0.25 μm). The total suspended particulate concentration in the atmosphere was determined by the gravimetric method, and the accuracy of the weighing balance was 1/100,000 g. The field samples were subjected to strict quality control with laboratory blanks and field blanks. The detection limit of a given compound was 3 times the standard deviation of the concentration of the corresponding compound in the field blank; if the compound was not detected in the field blank, the detection limit of the method was determined by the lowest concentration of the working curve. For a sample, concentrations above the detection limit of the method are corrected by subtracting the detection limit; concentrations below the detection limit of the method but higher than 1/2 times the detection limit are corrected by subtracting half the method detection limit; and concentrations below 1/2 times the detection limit are considered undetected. The recovery rate of PAH laboratory samples was between 65-120%, and that of OCPs was between 70-130%; the sample concentrations were not corrected by the recovery rate. In the table, undetected data are marked as BDL; data marked in black italics are data corrected by subtracting 1/2 the method detection limit.
This data set contains conventional ice surface meteorological data for Parlung Glacier No. 4 and debris-covered 24K Glacier in Southeast Tibet from June to September 2016. Meteorological observation instrument model: Campbell data logger CR1000; precipitation observation instrument models: T200B weighing rain cylinder for Parlung Glacier No. 4 and RG-3 tipping rain gauge for 24K Glacier. Acquisition time: 60 minutes. The data were collected automatically, and the data set was processed to form a continuous hourly time series after quality controlling the original data. The data collection sites were Parlung Glacier No. 4 (29.252°N; 96.932°E; 4800 m) and the debris-covered 24K glacier in Southeast Tibet (29.766°N; 95.712°E; 3900 m). Data for Parlung Glacier No. 4 at an elevation of 4800 m: Temperature, unit: °C Relative humidity, unit: % Wind speed, unit, m/s Downward shortwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Upward shortwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Downward longwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Upward longwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Precipitation, unit: mm Data for debris-covered 24K Glacier at an elevation of 3900 m (debris thickness: 25 cm): Temperature, unit: °C Relative humidity, unit: % Wind speed, unit, m/s Downward shortwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Upward shortwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Downward longwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Upward longwave radiation, unit: W/m2 Precipitation, unit: mm Temperature with a debris thickness of 5 cm, unit: °C Temperature with a debris thickness of 10 cm, unit: °C Temperature with a debris thickness of 20 cm, unit: °C
This data set mainly includes meteorological data and soil moisture data collected from 2005 to 2008 at the Sherjila Mountain Alpine Timberline Observation Site of the Integrated Observation and Research Station of the Alpine Environment in Southeast Tibet. The data set of alpine timberline observations in southeast Tibet includes 1) the meteorological data set and 2) the soil moisture data set. The meteorological data set includes wind speed, temperature (1, 3 m), relative humidity (1, 3 m), soil heat flux (-5, -20, -60 cm), soil temperature (-5, -20, -60 cm), air pressure, total radiation, net radiation, photosynthetically active radiation, infrared radiation (660, 730 nm), atmospheric longwave radiation, ground longwave radiation, surface temperature, precipitation, and snow thickness. The soil moisture data set includes vegetation type and soil water content (-5, -20, -60 cm). Instruments used for each variable: Temperature: Air temperature probe, produced in Taiwan, model TRH-S. Relative humidity: Model TRH-S, produced in Taiwan. Wind speed: Anemoscope, produced in Taiwan, model 03102. Barometric Pressure: Barometric pressure sensor, produced in Taiwan, model BP0611A. Atmospheric longwave radiation: Pyrgeometer, produced by the Kipp & Zonen Company of the Netherlands, model CG3. Ground longwave radiation: Pyrgeometer, produced by the Kipp & Zonen Company of the Netherlands, model CG3. Total radiation: Pyranometer, produced by the Kipp & Zonen Company of the Netherlands, model CM3. Net radiation: Net radiometer, produced by the Kipp & Zonen Company of the Netherlands, model NR-Lite. Photosynthetically active radiation: PAR-Sensor, produced by the Kipp & Zonen Company of the Netherlands, model MS-PAR. Infrared radiation: Infrared radiation sensor, produced by the Skye Company of the UK, model SKY110. Rainfall: Rain gauge, produced in Taiwan, model 7852 M. Snow thickness: Ultrasonic snow depth sensor, produced in the United States, model 260-700. Soil temperature: Soil temperature probe, produced by the Onset Company of the United States, model 12-Bit. Soil heat flux: Soil heat flux plate, produced by the Hukseflux Company of the Netherlands, model HFP01. Soil moisture content: Soil moisture sensor, produced by the Onset Company of the United States, model S-SMA-M003. The observations and data acquisition were carried out in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications. Each instrument was rigorously validated and calibrated by the supplier before installation to ensure the accuracy of the observation data. Data with significant errors were removed when processing the data table.
This data set contains observation data from glacier and hydrological stations in the Parlung Zangbo River Basin in southeastern Tibet. The data include measurements of the runoff from Parlung Glacier No. 4 and 24K Glacier. These monthly mean data therefore represent two different types of glaciers (debris-free and debris-covered glaciers). Observation instruments: Propeller Flow Velocity Meter (LS1206B), HOBO water level data logger. Parlung Glacier No. 4: Longitude: 96°55.19′; Latitude: 29°13.57′; Elevation: 4650 m. 24K Glacier: Longitude: 95°43.81′; Latitude: 29°45.41′; Elevation: 3800 m. The data contains two fields: Field 1: Date Field 2: Runoff, m³/s