The data set includes meteorological data from the Ngari Desert Observation and Research Station from 2009 to 2017. It includes the following basic meteorological parameters: temperature (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: Celsius), relative humidity (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: %), wind speed (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: m/s), wind direction (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: degrees), atmospheric pressure (1.5 m from the ground, once every half hour, unit: hPa), precipitation (once every 24 hours, unit: mm), water vapour pressure (unit: kPa), evaporation (unit: mm), downward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward shortwave radiation (unit: W/m2), downward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), upward longwave radiation (unit: W/m2), net radiation (unit: W/m2), surface albedo (unit: %). The temporal resolution of the data is one day. The data were directly downloaded from the Ngari automatic weather station. The precipitation data represent daily precipitation measured by the automatic rain and snow gauge and corrected based on manual observations. The other observation data are the daily mean value of the measurements taken every half hour. Instrument models of different observations: temperature and humidity: HMP45C air temperature and humidity probe; precipitation: T200-B rain and snow gauge sensor; wind speed and direction: Vaisala 05013 wind speed and direction sensor; net radiation: Kipp Zonen NR01 net radiation sensor; atmospheric pressure: Vaisala PTB210 atmospheric pressure sensor; collector model: CR 1000; acquisition interval: 30 minutes. The data table is processed and quality controlled by a particular person based on observation records. Observations and data acquisition are carried out in strict accordance with the instrument operating specifications, and some data with obvious errors are removed when processing the data table.
Ecological carrying capacity refers to the maximum population scale with a certain level of social and economic development that can be sustainably carried by the ecosystem without damaging the production capacity and functional integrity of the ecosystem, per person/square kilometer. Spatial distribution data of ecological carrying capacity were calculated based on NPP data simulated by VPM model and FAO production and trade data of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry. Based on NPP data and combined with the land use data of cci-ci and biomass ratio parameters of various ecosystems, ANPP data was obtained to serve as ecological supply quantity. Based on agricultural, forestry and animal husbandry production and trade data and combined with population data, per capita ecological consumption standards of countries along the One Belt And One Road line were obtained, and then national scale data space was rasterized. The spatial rasterized ecological bearing data are obtained by dividing the ecological supply data with the per capita ecological consumption standard.
The interaction mechanism project between major road projects and the environment in western mountainous areas belongs to the major research plan of "Environment and Ecological Science in Western China" of the National Natural Science Foundation. The person in charge is Cui Peng researcher of Chengdu Mountain Disaster and Environment Research Institute, Ministry of Water Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project runs from January 2003 to December 2005. Data collected for this project: Engineering and Environmental Centrifugal Model Test Data (word Document): Consists of six groups of centrifugal model test data, namely: Test 1. Centrifugal Model Test of Soil Cutting High Slope (6 Groups) Test 2. Centrifugal Model Experiment of Backpressure for Slope Cutting and Filling (4 Groups) Test 3. Centrifugal Model Experimental Study on Anti-slide Piles and Pile-slab Walls (10 Groups) Test 4. Centrifugal Model Tests for Different Construction Timing of Slope (5 Groups) Test 5. Migration Effect Centrifugal Model Test (11 Groups) Test 6. Centrifugal Model Test of Water Effect on Temporary Slope (8 Groups) The purpose, theoretical basis, test design, test results and other information of each test are introduced in detail.
The data is clipped from "1: 1 million wetland data of China". "1: 1 million wetland data of China" mainly reflects the national marsh wetland information in the 2000s. It is expressed in geographic coordinates using the decimal degree. The main contents include: marsh wetland types, wetland water supply types, soil types, main vegetation types, geographical area, etc. Implemented the "Standard for Information Classification and Coding of Sustainable Development Information Sharing System of China". Data source of this database: 1:20 swamp map (internal version), Tibetan Plateau 1: 500,000 swamp map (internal version), swamp survey data 1: 1 million and national 1: 4 million swamp map; processing steps are: data source selection, preprocessing, digitization and encoding of marsh wetland elements, data editing processing, establishing topological relationships, edge processing, projection conversion, linking with attribute databases such as place names and obtaining attribute data.
Shule River Basin is one of the three inland river basins in Hexi corridor. In recent years, with the obvious change of climate and the aggravation of human activities, the shortage of water resources and the problem of ecological environment in Shule River Basin have become increasingly prominent. It is of great significance to study the runoff change of Shule River Basin in the future climate situation for making rational water resources planning and ecological environment protection. The Shule River basin boundary is cut from "China's 1:100000 desert sand data set". Taking the 2000 TM image as the data source, it interprets, extracts, revises, and uses remote sensing and geographic information system technology to combine with the 1:100000 scale mapping requirements to carry out thematic mapping of desert, sand and gravel gobi. Data attribute table: Area (area), perimeter (perimeter), ash_ (sequence code), class (desert code), ash_id (desert code). The desert code is as follows: mobile sand 2341010, semi mobile sand 2341020, semi fixed sand 2341030, Gobi 2342000, salt alkali land 2343000. Collect and sort out the basic, meteorological, topographical and geomorphic data of Shule River Basin, and provide data support for the management of Shule River Basin.
In the previous project, three different types of desert investigation and observation sites in the lower reaches of Heihe River were set up. Different kinds of desert plants with the same average growth and size as the observation site were selected for the above ground biomass and underground biomass total root survey. The dry weight was the dry weight at 80 ℃, and the root shoot ratio was the dry weight ratio of the underground biomass to the aboveground biomass. Species: Elaeagnus angustifolia, red sand, black fruit wolfberry, bubble thorn, bitter beans, Peganum, Tamarix and so on.
Geographical distribution of major ecological protection and construction projects on the Tibetan plateau. There are four main projects, i.e. forest protection and construction project, grassland protection and construction project, desertification control project, soil erosion comprehensive control project. Processing method: classified summary, and the county as a unit of the regional distribution.
In May and September 2018, fish in Tibetan lakes were collected by net-catching and electric-catching methods. The sampling range from east to west can be roughly summarized into three areas: the Qiangtang Plateau in northern Tibet, southern Tibet and the angle between Kunlun Mountains and Karakoram Mountains. A total of 27 lakes have captured fish. The specimens include more than 2,000 specimens of the genus Triplophysa and more than 600 specimens of subfamily Schizothoracinae. This work is a part of the project of “Building Methods for Detection of Aquatic Organisms in the Lake System of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau”, using traditional fish survey data to generate a list of species in the lake system, which will then be used to combine multiple lakes in Medog and the plateaus. High-throughput molecular data acquired from the system's environmental water samples and tested for visual parameters (lake size, isolation, geographic location, and spectral characteristics) that can be used to predict aquatic biodiversity.
Net Primary Productivity (NPP) reflects the efficiency of plant fixation and conversion of light energy as a compound. It refers to the amount of organic matter accumulated per unit time and unit area of green plants. It is the organic matter produced by plant photosynthesis. The remainder of the Gross Primary Productivity (GPP) minus Autotrophic Respiration (RA), also known as net primary productivity. As an important part of the surface carbon cycle, NPP not only directly reflects the production capacity of vegetation communities under natural environmental conditions, but also is an important component to measure regional land use/cover change. The net primary productivity data product uses the light energy utilization (GLOPEM) model algorithm to invert multiple scale raster data products obtained from various satellite remote sensing data (Landsat, MODIS, etc.), which is also the main factor for determining and regulating ecological processes.
The data include the datasets of temporal changes in water level, water storage and area of the Aral sea (1911−2017), the inter-decadal change of ecosystem structure (NDVI—Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) of the Aral sea (1977−2017), and dust intensity (EDI—Enhanced Dust Index) in the Aral sea (2000−2018). Using data fusion technology in the construction of a lake basin terrain, terrain based on remote sensing monitoring and field investigation, on the basis of the analysis of the Aral sea terrain data, generalized analyses the water - area - the changes of water content, the formation of water - water - area of temporal variation data set, can clearly reflect the Aral sea water change process and the present situation, provide basic data for the Aral sea environmental change research. The NDVI was used to reflect the vegetation ecology in the receding area. Landsat satellite data, with a spatial resolution of 30 m, was used for NDVI analysis in 1977, 1987, 1997, 2007, and 2017. Based on ENVI and GIS software, remote sensing image fusion, index calculation, and water extraction were used to determine the lake surface and lakeshore line of the Aral sea. The lakeside line in the south of the Aral sea is taken as the starting point, and it extends for 3 km to the receding area. The variation characteristics of vegetation NDVI in the lakeside zone within 0-3 km are obtained to reflect the structural changes of the lakeside ecosystem. EDI was extracted from MODIS image data. This index is introduced into the dust optical density to enhance the dust information to form the enhanced dust index. Based on remote sensing monitoring, the use of EDI, established the Aral sea area-EDI index curve, the curve as the construction of the Aral sea dry lake bed dust release and meteorological factors, quantitative relationship laid the foundation of soil physical and chemical properties, in order to determine the control of sand/salt dust in the reasonable area of the lake.