Observation dataset of water and heat flux in alpine meadow ecosystem -- eddy covariance system of A'rou Superstation (2015-2017)

This data set contains the eddy correlation observation data of arou super station upstream of heihe hydrological and meteorological observation network on January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017.Site is located in qilian county, qinghai province, arou township grass daban village, the underlying surface is alpine grassland.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 100.4643E, 38.0473N, and the altitude is 3033m.The height of the vortex correlative instrument is 3.5m, the sampling frequency is 10Hz, the ultrasonic orientation is due north, and the distance between the ultrasonic wind speed temperature meter (CSAT3) and the CO2/H2O analyzer (Li7500A) is 15cm. The original observation data of the vortex correlator is 10Hz, and the published data are the 30-minute data processed by Eddypro. The main steps of the processing include: elimination of outliers, correction of delay time, coordinate rotation (quadratic coordinate rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction, etc.Quality assessment for each intercompared to at the same time, mainly is the atmospheric stability (Δ st) and turbulent characteristics of similarity (ITC) test.The 30min flux value output by Eddypro software was also screened :(1) to eliminate the data in case of instrument error;(2) data of 1h before and after precipitation were removed;(3) data with a miss rate of more than 10% per 30min in 10Hz original data were excluded;(4) observation data of weak turbulence at night (u* less than 0.1m/s) were excluded.The average period of observation data was 30 minutes, with 48 data in a day, and the missing data was marked as -6999.Suspicious data caused by instrument drift and other reasons are marked with red font. Among them, calibration data of vortex system Li7500A on April 16-17 is missing.When the memory card fails to store data, resulting in the loss of 10Hz data (9.20-10.21,11.3-11.18), the data is replaced by the 30min flux data output by the collector. The published observations include:Date/Time for the Date/Time, wind Wdir (°), Wnd horizontal wind speed (m/s), standard deviation Std_Uy lateral wind speed (m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature Tv (℃), the water vapor density H2O (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration CO2 (mg/m3), friction velocity Ustar) (m/s), Mr. Hoff length L (m), sensible heat flux Hs (W/m2), latent heat flux LE (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux Fc (mg/(m2s)), the quality of the sensible heat flux identifier QA_Hs, the quality of the latent heat flux identifier QA_LE,Mass identification of co2 flux.The quality of the sensible heat and latent heat, carbon dioxide flux identification is divided into three (quality id 0: (Δ st < 30, the ITC < 30);1: (Δ st < 100, ITC < 100);The rest is 2).The meaning of data time, for example, 0:30 represents the average of 0:00-0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).

0 2020-05-03

Observation of water and heat flux in alpine meadow ecosystem -- eddy covariance system of Dashalong station (2015-2017)

The data set contains the observed data of eddy covariance systemt in the upper reaches of heihe hydrometeorological observation network on January 1, 2015, solstice and December 25, 2017.The station is located in qilian county, qinghai province.The longitude and latitude of the observation point are 98.9406E, 38.8399N and 3739 m above sea level.The height of the vortex correlation instrument is 4.5m, the sampling frequency is 10Hz, the ultrasonic orientation is due north, and the distance between the ultrasonic wind speed and temperature instrument (CSAT3) and the CO2/H2O analyzer (Li7500) is 15cm. The original observation data of the vortex correlator is 10Hz, and the published data are the 30-minute data processed by Eddypro. The main steps of the processing include: elimination of outliers, correction of delay time, coordinate rotation (quadratic coordinate rotation), frequency response correction, ultrasonic virtual temperature correction and density (WPL) correction, etc.Quality assessment for each intercompared to at the same time, mainly is the atmospheric stability (Δ st) and turbulent characteristics of similarity (ITC) test.The 30min flux value output by Eddypro software was also screened :(1) to eliminate the data in case of instrument error;(2) data of 1h before and after precipitation were removed;(3) data with a miss rate of more than 10% per 30min in 10Hz original data were excluded;(4) observation data of weak turbulence at night (u* less than 0.1m/s) were excluded.The average period of observation data was 30 minutes, with 48 data in a day, and the missing data was marked as -6999.Suspect data caused by instrument drift and other reasons are marked in red font.Calibration of vortex system Li7500 on April 16-18, data missing;The CO2 concentration was abnormal after September 23, leading to errors in CO2 flux.When the memory card fails to store data, resulting in the loss of 10Hz data (1.8-3.8,7.23-9.13), the data is replaced by the 30min flux data output by the collector. The published observations include:Date/Time for the Date/Time, wind Wdir (°), Wnd horizontal wind speed (m/s), standard deviation Std_Uy lateral wind speed (m/s), ultrasonic virtual temperature Tv (℃), the water vapor density H2O (g/m3), carbon dioxide concentration CO2 (mg/m3), friction velocity Ustar) (m/s), Mr. Hoff length L (m), sensible heat flux Hs (W/m2), latent heat flux LE (W/m2), carbon dioxide flux Fc (mg/(m2s)), the quality of the sensible heat flux identifier QA_Hs, the quality of the latent heat flux identifier QA_LE,Mass identification of co2 flux.The quality of the sensible heat and latent heat, carbon dioxide flux identification is divided into three (quality id 0: (Δ st < 30, the ITC < 30);1: (Δ st < 100, ITC < 100);The rest is 2).The meaning of data time, for example, 0:30 represents the average of 0:00-0:30;The data is stored in *.xls format. For information of hydrometeorological network or site, please refer to Li et al. (2013), and for data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).

0 2020-05-03

Dataset of gridded daily precipitation in China (Version 2.0) (1961-2013)

The National Meteorological Information Center Meteorological Data Room has detected, controlled and corrected the quality of 2474 national-level ground stations' basic meteorological data and formed a set of high-quality, national and provincial ground-based basic data files. On the basis of the basic ground data of the precipitation data files, the thin-plate spline method is used, introducing the digital elevation data to eliminate the influence of the elevation on the precipitation precision under the unique terrain conditions in China. A dataset of 0.5°×0.5° grid values for the surface precipitation in China since 1961 is established. It provides a data basis for accurately describing the trends and magnitudes of precipitation changes in China. One of two data sources for the development of “Dataset of Gridded Daily Precipitation in China (Version 2.0)” was 1) the monthly and daily precipitation data of 2474 national-level stations in the country archived by the Meteorological Data Room for nearly 50 years. The information comes from the monthly information of the “Monthly Report of the Surface Meteorological Record” reported by the climate data processing departments of all the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions. That information is collected, organized and strictly checked and reviewed by the National Meteorological Information Center. Since the establishment of the station, many stations in the country have undergone historical changes such as business reform and station migration. In 1961, the total number of stations had stabilized above 2,000, and the number of backstage stations in the late 1970s reached 2,400. 2) The second data source was a Chinese range of 0.5°×0.5° digital elevation model data DEMs generated by GTOP030 data (resolution 30′′×30′′) resampling. For the quantitative analysis and evaluation of the data, please see the Dataset of Gridded Daily Precipitation in China - Data Specification.

0 2020-04-29

Solar radiation dataset in three poles (2001-2017)

Solar radiation data were obtained using the internationally accepted solar radiation meter (LI200SZ, LI-COR, Inc., USA). The measured data are total solar radiation, including direct and diffuse solar radiation, with a wavelength range of 400-1100 nm. The units of the measurement results are W/㎡, and the typical error under natural lighting is ±3% (within an incident angle of 60°). Data from different locations in the three poles (Everest Station and Namco Station on the Tibetan Plateau, Sodankylä Station in the Arctic, and Dome A Station in the Antarctic) are derived from site cooperation and website downloads. The temporal coverage of data from the Everest Station and Namco Station on the Tibetan Plateau is from 2009 to 2016, that from the Sodankylä Station in the Arctic is from 2001 to 2017, and that from the Dome A Station in the Antarctic is from 2005 to 2014.

0 2020-04-29

Aerosol optical property dataset of the Tibetan Plateau by ground-based observation (2009-2016)

The measurement data of the sun spectrophotometer can be directly used to perform inversion on the optical thickness of the non-water vapor channel, Rayleigh scattering, aerosol optical thickness, and moisture content of the atmospheric air column (using the measurement data at 936 nm of the water vapor channel). The aerosol optical property data set of the Tibetan Plateau by ground-based observations was obtained by adopting the Cimel 318 sun photometer, and both the Mt. Qomolangma and Namco stations were involved. The temporal coverage of the data is from 2009 to 2016, and the temporal resolution is one day. The sun photometer has eight observation channels from visible light to near infrared. The center wavelengths are 340, 380, 440, 500, 670, 870, 940 and 1120 nm. The field angle of the instrument is 1.2°, and the sun tracking accuracy is 0.1°. According to the direct solar radiation, the aerosol optical thickness of 6 bands can be obtained, and the estimated accuracy is 0.01 to 0.02. Finally, the AERONET unified inversion algorithm was used to obtain aerosol optical thickness, Angstrom index, particle size spectrum, single scattering albedo, phase function, birefringence index, asymmetry factor, etc.

0 2020-04-29

North american multi-model ensemble forecast (1982-2010)

The North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) Forecast is a multi-modal ensemble seasonal forecasting system jointly published by the US Model Center (including NOAA/NCEP, NOAA/GFDL, IRI, NCAR, and NASA) and the Canadian Meteorological Centre. The data include retrieval data from 1982 to 2010 and real-time weather forecast data from 2011 to the present. The forecasting system covers the whole world with a temporal resolution of one month and a horizontal spatial resolution of 1°. NMME has nine climate forecasting models, and each contains 6-28 ensemble members, with a forecasting period of 9-12 months. The name, source, ensemble members, and forecasting period of the climate models are as follows: 1) CMC1-CanCM3, Environment Canada, 10 models, 12 months 2) CMC2-CanCM4, Environment Canada, 10 models, 12 months 3) COLA-RSMAS-CCSM3, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 6 models, 12 months 4) COLA-RSMAS-CCSM34, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 10 models, 12 months 5) GFDL-CM2p1-aer04, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 10 models, 12 months 6) GFDL-CM2p5-FLOR-A06, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 12 models, 12 months 7) GFDL-CM2p5-FLOR-B01, NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, 12 models, 12 months 8) NASA-GMAO-062012, NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office, 12 models, 9 months 9) NCEP-CFSv2, NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction, 24/28 models, 10 months With the exception of the CFSv2 model (which includes only precipitation and average temperature), the variables of other models include precipitation, average temperature, maximum temperature, and minimum temperature. Each model ensemble member stores one NC file every month for each variable. The meteorological elements, variable names, units, and physical meanings of each variable are as follows: 1) Average temperature, tref, K, monthly average near-surface (2-m) average air temperature 2) Maximum temperature, tmax, K, monthly average near-surface (2-m) maximum air temperature 3) Minimum temperature, tmin, K, monthly average near-surface (2-m) minimum air temperature 4) Precipitation, prec, mm/day, monthly average precipitation. The dataset has been widely applied in climate forecasting, hydrological forecasting, and quantitatively estimating model forecasting uncertainty.

0 2020-04-29

Dataset of thin cloud micro physical characteristics based on the infrared radiation spectrum of the ground in Arctic Alaska (2000-2014)

Thin cloud inversion data, a remote sensing inversion product, was collected for an Arctic site in Alaska based on observations of the infrared radiation spectrum of the ground in conjunction with an optimization method. The temporal coverage of the data is from 2000 to 2014, and the temporal resolution is one hour. The data represent the average characteristics of the different cloud layers. The spatial coverage is one site in Arctic Alaska, with latitude and longitude coordinates of 71°19′22.8′′N, 156°36′32.4′′ W. The characteristic variables include cloud water effective radius, cloud water content, cloud ice effective radius, cloud ice content, and cloud optical thickness; the corresponding observation inversion error ranges are approximately 10%, 20%, 10%, 20%, and 15%, respectively. The data files are in the .dat format.

0 2020-04-29

Dataset of ERA-interim global surface air temperature reanalysis (1979-2016)

The data set of ERA-Interim global surface air temperature reanalysis (1979-2016) was obtained from the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) by adopting the ECMWF IFS forecasting system (T255, 60 layers) and using the four-dimensional variational assimilation system (8DVAR) with an analysis window of 12 hours to assimilate satellite remote sensing data (TOVS, GOES, Meteosat, etc.) and regular observations of the surface and upper atmosphere in different regions of the world and from different sources. The surface air temperature (2 m air temperature) data span the time range from January 1979 to December 2016 and cover the whole world with the projection of equal latitude and longitude, a temporal resolution of six hours, and a horizontal resolution of 0.75. The data were stored as a NetCDF format file once a month and included longitude, latitude, time, and temperature (t2m, unit: K), with 241 latitudinal grid points and 480 longitudinal grid points.

0 2020-04-29

A permafrost thermal type map on the Tibetan Plateau (2000-2010)

The past frozen soil map of the Tibetan Plateau was based on a small number of temperature station observations and used a classification system based on continuity. This data set used the geographically weighted regression model (GWR) to synthesize MODIS surface temperature, leaf area index, snow cover ratio and multimodel soil moisture forecast products of the National Meteorological Information Center through spatiotemporal reconstruction. In addition, precipitation observations of more than 40 meteorological stations, the precipitation products of FY2 satellite observations and the multiyear average temperature observation data of 152 meteorological stations from 2000 to 2010 were integrated to simulate the average temperature data of the Tibetan Plateau, and the permafrost thermal condition classification system was used to classify permafrost into several types: Very cold, Cold, Cool, Warm, Very warm, and Likely thawing. The map shows that, after deducting lakes and glaciers, the total area of permafrost on the Tibetan Plateau is approximately 1,071,900 square kilometers. Verification shows that this map has higher accuracy. It can provide support for future planning and design of frozen soil projects and environmental management.

0 2020-04-29

The total solar radiation and the total radiation of absorption and scattering material attenuation v1.0(2018)

The total solar radiation and the total radiation of absorption and scattering material attenuation are measured by the international general solar radiation meter (li200sz, li-cor, Inc., USA). The measured data are total solar radiation, including direct and diffuse solar radiation, with a wavelength range of 400-1100nm. The unit of measurement is w / m2, and the typical error is ± 3% (incidence angle is within 60 °) under natural lighting. The data of sodankyl ä station in the Arctic comes from cooperation with the site and website download. The coverage time of sodankyl ä station in the Arctic is updated to 2018.

0 2020-04-28