This data is from the central station of environmental monitoring in gansu province. The data includes three observation elements, namely sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and inhalable particles, which are published on the network. The data format is a text file. The first column is the city name, the second column is sulfur dioxide, the third column is nitrogen dioxide, the fourth column is pm10, and the fifth column is the observation date. The data included lanzhou, jiayuguan, jinchang, baiyin, tianshui, qingyang, pingliang, dingxi, longnan, wuwei, zhangye, jiuquan and linxia. This data will be updated automatically and continuously according to the data source.
The China Meteorological Forcing Dataset (CMFD) is a high spatial-temporal resolution gridded near-surface meteorological dataset that was developed specifically for studies of land surface processes in China. The dataset was made through fusion of remote sensing products, reanalysis dataset and in-situ observation data at weather stations. Its record starts from January 1979 and keeps extending (currently up to December 2018) with a temporal resolution of three hours and a spatial resolution of 0.1°. Seven near-surface meteorological elements are provided in CMFD, including 2-meter air temperature, surface pressure, specific humidity, 10-meter wind speed, downward shortwave radiation, downward longwave radiation and precipitation rate.
The micro-meteorological field is located in the grassland of Pailugou watershed of Qilian Mountain with an altitude of 2700m. The data were recorded from January 2011 to July 2012, and the time interval was half an hour, including 1.5m humidity, 3m temperature, 2.8m air pressure, 1.3m rainfall, 2.2m wind speed, 3.1m total radiation, the units are %, °C, Pa, m, m/s, W•M-2.
Precipitation is one of the elements of meteorological monitoring and a measurement basis of regional precipitation. Precipitation is the only source of water for plants’ survival in mountain areas. Therefore, precipitation is the main link of the forest hydrological cycle. This data only provides precipitation of the Pailugou watershed during the growing season.
The meteorological field is located at 3200m above sea level in Pailugou watershed of Qilian Mountain, which belongs to the high mountain forest line zone, the ecotone of Picea crassifolia forest and alpine shrub. This data set includes precipitation, air temperature, radiation, wind speed, etc., with units are mm, ℃, W/m^2 and m/s respectively. The date of data recording is from June 2012 to October 2013, in which the temperature data is partially missing due to the instrument.
Based on the geostationary satellites and reanalysis data, the China Regional Atmospheric Driving Dataset is a set of atmospheric driving data sets with high spatiotemporal resolution prepared by the China Meteorological Administration, with a spatial resolution of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° and a temporal resolution of 1 Hours, covering a range of 75 ° -135 ° east longitude and 15 ° -55 ° north latitude, include 6 elements of near-surface temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, near-surface wind speed, incident solar radiation on the ground, and ground precipitation rate. The preparation process of precipitation products is as follows: The 6-hour cumulative precipitation estimated from the multi-channel data of the China Fengyun-2 geostationary satellite is integrated with the 6-hour cumulative precipitation from conventional ground observations to obtain 6-hour cumulative precipitation spatial distribution data, and then use the high-resolution cloud classification information retrieved from the multi-channel inversion of the geostationary satellites determines the interpolation time weight of the cumulative precipitation and obtains an estimated one-hour cumulative precipitation. The preparation process of the radiation data is as follows: The surface incident solar radiation based on FY-2C, uses the radiation transmission model DISORT (Discrete Ordinates Radiative Transfer Program for a Multi-Layered Plane-parallel Medium) to calculate the radiation transmission and obtains the data of surface incident solar radiation in China. Preparation process of other elements: The space and time interpolation method is used for the NCEP reanalysis data of 1.0 ° × 1.0 ° to obtain driving factors such as near-surface air temperature, relative humidity, ground pressure, and near-surface wind speed of 0.1 ° × 0.1 ° per hour. Physical meaning of each variable: Meteorological Elements || Variable Name || Unit || Physical Meaning | Surface temperature || TBOT || K || Surface temperature (2m) | Surface pressure || PSRF || Pa || Surface pressure | Relative humidity on the ground || RH || kg / kg || Relative humidity near the ground (2m) | Wind speed on the ground || WIND || m / s || Wind speed near the ground (anemometer height) | Surface incident solar radiation || FSDS || W / m2 || Surface incident solar radiation | Precipitation Rate || PRECTmms || mm / hr || Precipitation Rate For more information, see the data documentation published with the data.
Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, and provide parameters and verification data for the development of response and feedback models of permafrost, glacier and snow cover to global changes under GIS framework. On the other hand, the system collates and rescues valuable cryospheric data to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and analysis tool. Chinese Cryospheric Information System contains three basic databases of different research regions. The basic database of Urumqi river basin is one of three basic databases, which covers the Urumqi river basin in tianshan mountain, east longitude 86-89 °, and north latitude 42-45 °, mainly containing the following data: 1. Cryospheric data.Include: Distribution of glacier no. 1 and glacier no. 2; 2. Natural environment and resources.Include: Terrain digital elevation: elevation, slope, slope direction; Hydrology: current situation of water resource utilization;Surface water; Surface characteristics: vegetation type;Soil type;Land resource evaluation map;Land use status map; 3. Social and economic resources: a change map of human action; Please refer to the documents (in Chinese): "Chinese Cryospheric Information System design. Doc" and "Chinese Cryospheric Information System data dictionary. Doc".
This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the Alpine meadow and grassland ecosystem Superstation from August 31 to December 24, 2018. The site (98°35′41.62″E, 37°42′11.47″N) was located in the alpine meadow and alpine grassland ecosystem, near the SuGe Road in Tianjun County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3718m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 10m of the platform in west by north of tower), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m, Ta_15 m, Ta_20 m, Ta_30 m, and Ta_40 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m, RH_15 m, RH_20 m, RH_30 m, and RH_40 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m, Ws_15 m, Ws_20 m, Ws_30 m, and Ws_40 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m, WD_15 m, WD_20 m, WD_30m, and WD_40 m) (°), air pressure (press) (hpa), precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_400cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_400cm) (%, volumetric water content), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.
The experimental project of vegetation degradation mechanism and reconstruction in Yuanjiang dry-hot valley in Yunnan belongs to the major research program of "Environmental and Ecological Science in Western China" of the National Natural Science Foundation. The principal is researcher Cao Kunfang of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The project runs from January 2004 to December 2007. Data collected for this project include: 1. Excel table of multi-year average temperature and rainfall in Yuanjiang dry-hot valley (1961-2004), with attribute fields including monthly average temperature and monthly average rainfall. 2. excel table of annual average temperature (1750-2006) in the middle of Hengduan Mountain in China based on tree ring, with attribute fields including year and reconstructed average temperature. 3. excel table of summer temperatures (1750-2006) in the central Hengduan Mountains in southern China based on tree rings. The attribute fields include the year and the reconstructed average temperature in summer (April-September). 4. excel table of drought index (1655-2005) in central Hengduan Mountains of China based on tree rotation, with attribute fields including year and reconstruction of drought index in spring (March-May). 5. pdf file of growth dynamic graph of leaves and branches. it records the growth dynamic trend line and leaf dynamic trend graph of plants with s-type, f-type, intermediate-type and S+SD-type branches from March 22, 2004 to April 8, 2005. 6.32 Phenological Summary Tables of Woody Plants (word Document: Specific Name, Number of Observed Plants/Branches, Type of Branch Extension, Leaf Phenology, Length of Current Year Branches (cm), Total Leaves on Branches, Leaf Area (cm2), Non-leaf Period (Months), Flowering Period, Fruit Ripening Period and Fruit Type) 7. Seasonal Changes of Relative Water Content of Plant Leaves in Yuanjiang Dry-hot Valley (March 2003-February 2004) Excel Table 8. Seasonal Changes of Photosynthesis of 6 Representative Plants in Yuanjiang Dry-hot Valley (Maximum Photosynthetic Rate, Stomatal Conductance, Water Use Efficiency, Maximum Subefficiency of photosystem II) excle Table (2003-2005) 9. excle Table of Long-term Water Use Efficiency (Isotope) Data of Representative Plants in Yuanjiang Dry-hot Valley (Water Use Efficiency in Dry and Wet Seasons of Shrimp Flower, Red-skin Water Brocade Tree, Three-leaf Lacquer, Phyllanthus emblica, Pearl Tree, Dried Sky Fruit, Cyclobalanopsis glauca, West China Small Stone Accumulation, Geranium, Tiger thorn, Willow and Pigexcrement Bean) 10. word Document of List of Plants in Mandan Qianshan, Yuanjiang
The research project on land surface data assimilation system in western China belongs to the major research plan of "environment and ecological science in western China" of the national natural science foundation. the person in charge is Li Xin, researcher of the institute of environment and engineering in cold and arid regions of the Chinese academy of sciences. the project runs from January 2003 to December 2005. One of the data collected in this project is the reanalysis data of surface climate factors in western China in 2002. This data set is generated based on the daily 1 × 1 provided by the National Environmental Prediction Center (NCEP). However, the re-analysis of the data has the following problems: (1) the temporal and spatial resolution is not high enough (the horizontal resolution is 1 degree and the time is 6 hours); (2) The low-level errors in plateau areas are large; (3) The data are standard isosurface data and need interpolation. The 2002 reanalysis data set of surface climate elements in western China was generated by combining NCEP reanalysis data and MM5 model by Dr. Longxiao and Professor Qiu Chongjian of Lanzhou University using Newton relaxation data assimilation method (Nudging), including 10m horizontal and vertical wind speed (m/s), 2m air temperature (k), 2m mixing ratio, surface pressure (Pa), upstream and downstream short wave and long wave radiation (w/m2), convective precipitation and large scale precipitation (mm/s) at 0.25 degree per hour throughout 2002. I. preparation background The quality of the driving data seriously affects the ability of the land surface model to simulate the land surface state, so a very important component of the land surface modeling research is the driving data used to drive the land surface model. No matter how realistic these models are in describing the surface process, no matter how accurate the boundary and initial conditions they input, if the driving data are not accurate, they cannot get the results close to reality. Land surface models are so dependent on the quality of externally provided data that any error in these externally provided data will seriously affect the ability of land surface models to simulate soil moisture, runoff, snow cover and latent heat flux. These externally provided data include: precipitation, radiation, temperature, wind field, humidity and pressure. The 2002 reanalysis data set of surface climate elements in western China uses Newton relaxation data assimilation method (Nudging) to combine NCEP reanalysis data and MM5 model to generate driving data with higher spatial and temporal resolution suitable for complex terrain in western China. Second, the basic parameters of the operation mode 1. Using the US PSU/NCAR mesoscale model MM5 as a simulation model; The selection of simulation grid domain: center (32°N, 90°E), grid distance of 36km, number of horizontal grid points of 131*151, vertical resolution of 25 layers, and mode top of 100hPa；; 2. The data used for initialization are 1 * 1 GRIB grid data of NCEP in the United States. 3. The time step is 120s. Third, the physical process 1. physical process treatment of cloud and precipitation: Grell cumulus cloud parameterization scheme is adopted for sub-grid scale precipitation, and Reisner mixed phase microphysical explicit scheme is adopted for distinguishable scale precipitation; 2. MRF parameterization scheme is adopted for planetary boundary layer process. 3. the radiation process adopts CCM2 radiation scheme. IV. File Format and Naming It is stored in a monthly folder and contains 24 hours of data every day. The naming rules are as follows: 2002***&.forc, where * * * is Julian day and 2002***& is time (in hours), where. forc is the file extension. V. data format Stored in binary floating point type, each data takes up 4 bytes.