This data set is the result of dynamic downscaling simulation of CORDEX region 8 (Central Asia) using WRF model driven by MPI-ESM-HR1.2 model data in CMIP6 plan. The data include 2m temperature (variable T2) and precipitation and precipitation was divided into convective (variable RAINC) and non-convective (variable RAINNC) precipitation. The time period includes historical test (1995-2014), near future (2021-2040) and medium future (2041-2060). The future time period includes SSP1-2.6 and SSP5-8.5. The time resolution of the simulation is once every 6 hours, the spatial resolution is 25km, the number of vertical layers is 51, a whole year in 1994 is used as spin up, the SST update is used, and the parameterized scheme combination with good performance in this area is selected. The data set can better reflect the future climate change characteristics of Central Asia and the Qinghai Tibet Plateau, and provide guidance for relevant countries to adapt to climate change.
Ec-earth-heihe USES the output of the global model of ec-earth as the driving field to simulate the 6-hour data of the Heihe river basin in 2006-2080 under the scenarios of 1980-2005 and RCP4.5.Spatial scope: the grid center of the simulation area is located at (40.30n, 99.50e), the horizontal resolution is 3 km, and the number of simulated grid points in the model is 161 (meridional) X 201 (zonal). Projection: LAMBERT conformal projection, two standard latitudes of 30N and 60N. Time range: from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2010, with an interval of 6 hours. Description of file contents: monthly storage by grads without format.Except the maximum and minimum temperature as the daily scale, the other variables are all 6-hour data. MATLAB can be used to read, visible tmax_erain_xiong_heihe.m file description. Data description of heihe river basin: 1) Anemometer west wind (m/s) abbreviation usurf 2) Anemometer south wind(m/s), abbreviation vsurf 3) Anemometer temperature (deg K) abbreviation tsurf 4) maximal temperature (deg K) abbreviation tmax 5) minimal temperature (deg K) abbreviated tmin 6) Anemom specific humidity (g/kg) abbreviation qsurf 7) Accumulated precipitation (mm/hr) abbreviation precip 8) Accumulated evaporation (mm/hr) abbreviation evap 9) Accumulated sensible heat (watts/m**2/hr) abbreviation sensible 10) Accumulated net infrared radiation (watts/m * * 2 / hr) abbreviation netrad File name definition: Abbreviation-ec-earth-6hour，YTD For example, precip-ec-earth-6hour.198001，Is the data of 6-hour precipitation in January, 1980 (1) historical 6-hour data driven by the ec-earth global climate model from 1980 to 2005 (2) produce 6-hour data of heihe river basin under the scenario of RCP 4.5 for the global climate model ec-earth from 2006 to 2080
The Holocene single orbit parameter change simulation results (2019-2020) data set uses the earth system model cesm model (horizontal resolution: about 2 ° for the atmosphere and land surface module and about 1 ° for the ocean and sea ice module) to carry out the Holocene transient simulation test considering the change of earth orbit parameters. The spatial resolution is 2 °; Spatial range: North: 50 ° n, South: 20 ° n, West: 60 ° e, East: 130 ° E; Regional scope: Eurasia; The time range is Holocene. The simulation results can be used to analyze the changes of westerly monsoon in Eurasia under the influence of individual orbital parameters in Holocene.
This data is precipitation data, which is the monthly precipitation product of tropical rainfall measurement mission TRMM 3b43. It integrates the main area of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (25 ~ 40 ° n; 25 ~ 40 ° n); The precipitation data of 332 meteorological stations are from the National Meteorological Information Center of China Meteorological Administration. The reanalysis data set is obtained by the station 3 ° interpolation optimization variational correction method. For the monthly sample data from January 1998 to December 2018, the spatial coverage is 25 ~ 40 ° n; 73 ~ 105 ° e, the spatial resolution is 1 ° * 1 °.
A monthly data set of potential evapotranspiration based on the Penman-Monteith formula (1980-2018) of 1km on the Zoige Plateau. We collected daily meteorological data from 1980 to 2018 from the Meteorological Data Sharing Center of China Meteorological Administration, calculated daily-scale potential evapotranspiration through the Penman-Monteith equation, and accumulated daily-scale potential evapotranspiration to obtain monthly and annual potential evapotranspiration (PET mm/month) , Through the Anusplin professional meteorological interpolation software, the multi-year average annual temperature (MAT) and annual average precipitation (MAP) calculated by each meteorological station are interpolated to obtain a 1km resolution spatial data set.
This dataset contains the flux measurements from the Subalpine shrub eddy covariance system (EC) belonging to the Qinghai Lake basin integrated observatory network from January 1 to December 31 in 2020. The site (100°6'3.62"E, 37°31'15.67" N ) was located near Dasi, Shaliuhe Town, Gangcha County, Qinghai Province. Data missing due to instrument failure. The elevation is 3495m. The EC was installed at a height of 2.5m, and the sampling rate was 10 Hz. The sonic anemometer faced north, and the separation distance between the sonic anemometer and the CO2/H2O gas analyzer (Gill&Li7500A) was about 0.17 m. The raw data acquired at 10 Hz were processed using the Eddypro post-processing software, including the spike detection, lag correction of H2O/CO2 relative to the vertical wind component, sonic virtual temperature correction, coordinate rotation (2-D rotation), corrections for density fluctuation (Webb-Pearman-Leuning correction), and frequency response correction. The EC data were subsequently averaged over 30 min periods. The observation data quality was divided into three classes according to the quality assessment method of stationarity (Δst) and the integral turbulent characteristics test (ITC): class 1-3 (high quality), class 4-6 (good), class 7-8 (poor, better than gap filling data), class9 (rejected). In addition to the above processing steps, the half-hourly flux data were screened in a four-step procedure: (1) data from periods of sensor malfunction were rejected; (2) data collected before or after 1 h of precipitation were rejected; (3) incomplete 30 min data were rejected when the missing data constituted more than 3% of the 30 min raw record; and (4) data were rejected at night when the friction velocity (u*) was less than 0.1 m/s. There were 48 records per day, and the missing data were replaced with -6999. The released data contained the following variables: DATE/TIME, wind direction (Wdir, °), wind speed (Wnd, m/s), the standard deviation of the lateral wind (Std_Uy, m/s), virtual temperature (Tv, ℃), H2O mass density (H2O, g/m3), CO2 mass density (CO2, mg/m3), friction velocity (ustar, m/s), stability (z/L), sensible heat flux (Hs, W/m2), latent heat flux (LE, W/m2), carbon dioxide flux (Fc, mg/ (m2s)), quality assessment of the sensible heat flux (QA_Hs), quality assessment of the latent heat flux (QA_LE), and quality assessment of the carbon flux (QA_Fc). The quality marks of sensible heat flux, latent heat flux and carbon flux are divided into three levels (quality marks 0 have good data quality, 1 have good data quality and 2 have poor data quality). In this dataset, the time of 0:30 corresponds to the average data for the period between 0:00 and 0:30; the data were stored in *.xls format. Detailed information can be found in the suggested references.
This dataset includes daily minimum temperature (Tmin), maximum temperature (Tmax) and precipitation (PPT) data of NEX-GDDP (NASA Earth Exchange Global Daily Downscaled Projections) (v1.0) over the periods of 2000–2009 and 2090–2099. The unit of Tmax and Tmin is K, and the unit of PPT is kgm-2s-1; the background filling value is -999. This dataset is a subset extraction fromthe original data. The original data was downloaded from https://portal.nccs.nasa.gov/datashare/NEXGDDP/BCSD/ in August 2020; The NEX-GDDP data set is obtained from CMIP5 (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5) historical climate and General Circulation Models (General Circulation Models) operating in RCP (Representative Concentration Pathways) 4.5 scenario mode, including 21 atmospheric circulation models; among them, 2000 –2005 is a historical climate scenario, and 2006–2009 and 2090-2099 are RCP 4.5 scenarios. For the description of the original data, please refer to https://www.nccs.nasa.gov/services/data-collections/land-based-products/nex-gddp.
Collect daily meteorological data from 1980 to 2018 from the Meteorological Data Sharing Center of China Meteorological Administration. Humidity Index (HI) is calculated by the ratio of annual precipitation to potential evapotranspiration. Anusplin interpolation software is used to obtain a spatial dataset of HI 1km resolution.Through spatial data collection, model simulation of the spatiotemporal pattern of typical water and soil ecosystem services such as ecosystem production, carbon fixation, hydrological regulation, and soil conservation, revealing the spatiotemporal change pattern of water and soil ecosystem services in the watershed, combining climate change, socioeconomic data and ecological environmental protection policies Implementation, land use conversion and other factors, combined with trade-off analysis and structural equation modeling to quantify the trade-offs and synergies of these water and soil ecosystem services and their main driving forces, to provide more effective and scientific ecological protection and multi-purpose land use for Ruoergai Wetland Optimal management provides theoretical support.
This dataset contains the flux measurements from the large aperture scintillometer (LAS) at Arou Superstation in the Heihe integrated observatory network from January 18 to December 31 in 2020. There were two types of LASs at Arou Superstation: BLS900 and RR-RSS460, produced by Germany and China, respectively. The north tower was set up with the RR-RSS460 receiver and the BLS900 transmitter, and the south tower was equipped with the RR-RSS460 transmitter and the BLS900 receiver. The site (north: 100.471° E, 38.057° N; south: 100.457° E, 38.038° N) was located in Caodaban village of A’rou town in Qilian county, Qinghai Province. The underlying surface between the two towers was alpine meadow. The elevation is 3033 m. The effective height of the LASs was 13.0 m, and the path length was 2390 m. The data were sampled 1 minute at both BLS900 and RR-RSS460. The raw data acquired at 1 min intervals were processed and quality controlled. The data were subsequently averaged over 30 min periods, in which sensible heat flux was iteratively calculated by combining Cn2 with meteorological data according to the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. The main quality control steps were as follows: (1) The data were rejected when Cn2 exceeded the saturated criterion (BLS900: Cn2>7.25E-14, RR-RSS460: Cn2>7.84E-14). (2) The data were rejected when the demodulation signal was small (BLS900: Average X Intensity<1000; RR-RSS460: Demod>-20mv). (3) The data were rejected when collected during precipitation. (4) The data were rejected if collected at night when weak turbulence occurred (u* was less than 0.1 m/s). In the iteration process, the universal functions of Thiermann and Grassl (1992) and Andreas (1988) were selected for BLS900 and RR-RSS460, respectively. Detailed can refer to Liu et al. (2011, 2013). Due to instrument adjustment and inadequate power supply, the date of missing data for the large aperture scintillator is:2020.09.25-2020.10.16. Several instructions were included with the released data. (1) The data were primarily obtained from BLS900 measurements, and missing flux measurements from the BLS900 instrument were substituted with measurements from the RR-RSS460 instrument. The missing data were denoted by -6999. Due to the problems of storing and wireless transmission. (2) The dataset contained the following variables: Date/time (yyyy/m/d h:mm), the structural parameter of the air refractive index (Cn2, m-2/3), and the sensible heat flux (H, W/m^2). In this dataset, a time of 0:30 corresponds to the average data for the period between 0:00 and 0:30, and the data were stored in *.xlsx format. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red. For more information, please refer to Liu et al. (2018) (for sites information), Liu et al. (2011) (for data processing) in the Citation section.
This dataset (version 1.5) is derived from the complementary-relationship method, with inputs of CMFD downward short- and long-wave radiation, air temperature, air pressure, GLASS albedo and broadband longwave emissivity, ERA5-land land surface temperature and humidity, and NCEP diffuse skylight ratio, etc. This dataset covers the period of 1982-2017, and the spatial coverage is Chinese land area. This dataset would be helpful for long-term hydrological cycle and climate change research. Land surface actual evapotranspiration (Ea)，unit: mm month-1. The spatial resolution is 0.1-degree; The temporal resolution is monthly; The data type is NetCDF; This evapotranspiration dataset is only for land surface.