Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Yulei station on Qinghai lake, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Yulei station on Qinghai lake from October 23 to December 31, 2019. The site (100° 29' 59.726'' E, 36° 35' 27.337'' N) was located on the Yulei Platform in Erlangjian scenic area, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3209m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 12 and 12.5 m above the water surface, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 14 m above the water surface, towards north) , rain gauge (TE525M; 10m above the water surface in the eastern part of the Yulei platform ), four-component radiometer (NR01; 10 m above the water surface, towards south), one infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 10 m above the water surface, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (LI190SB; 10 m above the water surface, towards south), water temperature profile (109, -0.2, -0.5, -1.0, -2.0, and -3.0 m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_12 m, Ta_12.5 m; RH_12 m, RH_12.5 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_14 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_14 m) (°) , precipitation (rain) (mm), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), infrared temperature (IRT_1) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) (μmol/ (s m-2)), water temperature (Tw_20cm、Tw_50cm、Tw_100cm、Tw_200cm、Tw_300cm) (℃). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The other data in addition to the four-component radiation data during January 1 to October 12 were missing because the malfunction of datalogger. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018-1-1 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.

0 2020-07-01

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the temperate steppe, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient from April 26 to December 31 in 2019. The site (100°14'8.99"E, 37°14'49.00"N) was located in the south of Sanjiaocheng sheep breeding farm, Gangcha County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3210m.The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5, 10 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; towards north), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -5.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -5.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m) (°), precipitation (rain) (mm), air pressure (press) (hpa), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_400cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_400cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30.

0 2020-07-01

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Alpine meadow and grassland ecosystem Superstation, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the Alpine meadow and grassland ecosystem Superstation from September 3 in 2018 to December 31 in 2019. The site (98°35′41.62″E, 37°42′11.47″N) was located in the alpine meadow and alpine grassland ecosystem, near the SuGe Road in Tianjun County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3718m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 10m of the platform in west by north of tower), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, Ta_10 m, Ta_15 m, Ta_20 m, Ta_30 m, and Ta_40 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, RH_10 m, RH_15 m, RH_20 m, RH_30 m, and RH_40 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, Ws_10 m, Ws_15 m, Ws_20 m, Ws_30 m, and Ws_40 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m, WD_10 m, WD_15 m, WD_20 m, WD_30m, and WD_40 m) (°), precipitation (rain) (mm), air pressure (press) (hpa), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_400cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_400cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.

0 2020-07-01

Qilian Mountains integrated observatory network: Dataset of Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network (an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of Subalpine shrub, 2019)

This dataset includes data recorded by the Qinghai Lake integrated observatory network obtained from an observation system of Meteorological elements gradient of the Subalpine shrub from April 28 to December 31, 2019. The site (100°6'3.62"E, 37°31'15.67"N) was located in the subalpine shrub ecosystem, near the Gangcha County, Qinghai Province. The elevation is 3495m. The installation heights and orientations of different sensors and measured quantities were as follows: air temperature and humidity profile (HMP155; 3, 5 and 10 m, towards north), wind speed and direction profile (windsonic; 3, 5 and 10 m, towards north), air pressure (PTB110; 3 m), rain gauge (TE525M; 2 m of the platform in west by north of tower), four-component radiometer (CNR4; 6m, towards south), two infrared temperature sensors (SI-111; 6 m, towards south, vertically downward), photosynthetically active radiation (PQS1; 6 m, towards south, each with one vertically downward and one vertically upward, soil heat flux (HFP01; 3 duplicates below the vegetation; -0.06 m), soil temperature profile (109; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m), soil moisture profile (CS616; -0.05、-0.10、-0.20、-0.40、-0.80、-1.20、-2.00、-3.00 and -4.00m). The observations included the following: air temperature and humidity (Ta_3 m, Ta_5 m, and Ta_10 m; RH_3 m, RH_5 m, and RH_10 m) (℃ and %, respectively), wind speed (Ws_3 m, Ws_5 m, and Ws_10 m) (m/s), wind direction (WD_3 m, WD_5 m and WD_10 m) (°), precipitation (rain) (mm), air pressure (press) (hpa), infrared temperature (IRT_1 and IRT_2) (℃), photosynthetically active radiation of upward and downward (PAR_D_up and PAR_D_down) (μmol/ (s m-2)), four-component radiation (DR, incoming shortwave radiation; UR, outgoing shortwave radiation; DLR_Cor, incoming longwave radiation; ULR_Cor, outgoing longwave radiation; Rn, net radiation) (W/m^2), soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, and Gs_3) (W/m^2), soil temperature (Ts_5cm、Ts_10cm、Ts_20cm、Ts_40cm、Ts_80cm、Ts_120cm、Ts_200cm、Ts_300cm、Ts_500cm) (℃), soil moisture (Ms_5cm、Ms_10cm、Ms_20cm、Ms_40cm、Ms_80cm、Ms_120cm、Ms_200cm、Ms_300cm、Ms_500cm) (%, volumetric water content). The data processing and quality control steps were as follows: (1) The AWS data were averaged over intervals of 10 min for a total of 144 records per day. The missing data were denoted by -6999. (2) Data in duplicate records were rejected. (3) Unphysical data were rejected. (4) The data marked in red are problematic data. (5) The format of the date and time was unified, and the date and time were collected in the same column, for example, date and time: 2018/8/31 10:30. Moreover, suspicious data were marked in red.

0 2020-06-30

China meteorological assimilation datasets for the SWAT model - soil temperature version 1.0 (2009-2013)

CMADS (The China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for The SWAT model) The soil temperature component (hereinafter referred to as cmads-st) USES The China Meteorological Administration Land Data Assimilation System [CLDAS] to force The common Land surface model3.5 [CLM3.5]) (Community Land model, numerical simulation of Land surface, circulation 10 spin - up simulation, get basic stability model initial field, and obtain high space-time resolution of soil temperature data sets, eventually hierarchical data model is utilized to extract, quality control, a nested loop, re-sampling, and a variety of technologies such as bilinear interpolation method is finally established. Cmads-st series data set space covers the whole east Asia (0 ° n-65 ° N, 60 ° e-160 ° E), the spatial resolution is respectively cmads-st V1.0 version: 1/3 °, cmads-st V1.1 version: 1/4 °, cmads-st V1.2 version: 1/8 ° and cmads-st V1.3 version:The above resolutions are daily (the basic resolution of the soil temperature component output in CLM3.5 mode is 1/16°, which ensures the highest resolution of the cmads-st data set is 1/16°). The time scale is 2009-2013.The data set published on this page is the cmads-st V1.0 data set (spatial resolution :1/3°).Temporal resolution: daily.Space coverage: east Asia (0 ° n-65 ° N, 60 ° e-160 ° E).Number of stations: 58,500.Supply factors: the average daily soil temperature of 10 layers (the depth of node hierarchy is in order: the first layer :0.00710063521m; the second layer :0.0279249996m; the third layer :0.0622585751m; the fourth layer :0.118865065m; the fifth layer :0.2121934m; the sixth layer :0.3660658m; the seventh layer :0.619758487m; the eighth layer :1.03802705m; the ninth layer :1.72763526m;Floor 10 :2.8646071m).Provide data format: TXT. The path of the cmads-st V1.0 soil temperature data set is: CMADS - ST - V1.0\2009 \ layer1 V1.0\2009 \ layer10 to CMADS - ST CMADS - ST - V1.0\2010 \ layer1 V1.0\2010 \ layer10 to CMADS - ST CMADS - ST - V1.0\2011 \ layer1 V1.0\2011 \ layer10 to CMADS - ST CMADS - ST - V1.0\2012 \ layer1 V1.0\2012 \ layer10 to CMADS - ST CMADS - ST - V1.0\2013 \ layer1 V1.0\2013 \ layer10 to CMADS - ST Cmads-st V1.0 subset file path and file name description Where, daily soil temperature (ten layers) is shown in layer1-layer10\.Are located in the following directories (take 2009 as an example): \2009\layer1\ 2009 layer1 (0.00710063521m) soil temperature directory \2009\layer2\ 2009 layer2 (0.0279249996m) soil temperature directory \2009\layer3\ 2009 layer3 (0.0622585751m) soil temperature catalogue \2009\layer4\ 2009 layer4 (0.118865065m) soil temperature catalogue \2009\layer5\ 2009 layer5 (0.2121934m) soil temperature catalogue \2009\layer6\ 2009 layer6 (0.3660658m) soil temperature catalogue \2009\layer7\ 2009 layer7 (0.619758487m) soil temperature directory \2009\layer8\ 2009 layer8 (1.03802705m) soil temperature catalogue \2009\layer9\ 2009 layer9 (1.72763526m) soil temperature catalogue \2009\layer10\ 2009 10th layer (2.8646071m) soil temperature catalogue

0 2020-06-23

The Basic datasets of Urumqi river basin in Chinese Cryospheric Information System

Chinese Cryospheric Information System is a comprehensive information system for the management and analysis of Chinese cryospheric data. The establishment of Chinese Cryospheric Information System is to meet the needs of earth system science, and provide parameters and verification data for the development of response and feedback models of permafrost, glacier and snow cover to global changes under GIS framework. On the other hand, the system collates and rescues valuable cryospheric data to provide a scientific, efficient and safe management and analysis tool. Chinese Cryospheric Information System contains three basic databases of different research regions. The basic database of Urumqi river basin is one of three basic databases, which covers the Urumqi river basin in tianshan mountain, east longitude 86-89 °, and north latitude 42-45 °, mainly containing the following data: 1. Cryospheric data.Include: Distribution of glacier no. 1 and glacier no. 2; 2. Natural environment and resources.Include: Terrain digital elevation: elevation, slope, slope direction; Hydrology: current situation of water resource utilization;Surface water; Surface characteristics: vegetation type;Soil type;Land resource evaluation map;Land use status map; 3. Social and economic resources: a change map of human action; Please refer to the documents (in Chinese): "Chinese Cryospheric Information System design. Doc" and "Chinese Cryospheric Information System data dictionary. Doc".

0 2020-06-23

Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 2.5 m resolution in 15 watersheds of Pakistan(2019)

1) The data includes the soil erosion modulus of 15 watersheds with a resolution of 2.5 m in the year of 2019 in Pakistan. 2)Based on the surface layer of rainfall erosivity R, soil erodibility K, slope length factor LS, vegetation coverage FVC, and rotation sampling survey unit, the Chinese soil erosion model (CSLE) was used to calculate soil erosin modulus in 15 watersheds respectively. Through spatial data processing (including chart linking and transformation, vector-grid conversion, and resampling), R, K, LS factors were calculated from the regional thematic map of rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, and DEM. By half-month FVC, NPV, half-month rainfall erosivity data, we calculated the value of B factors in each sampling watershed. The value of E factor was calculated based on the remote sensing interpretation result and engineering measure factor table. The value of tillage factor T was obtained from tillage zoning map and tillage measure table. And then the soil erosion modulus in each sampling watershed was calculated by the equation: A=R•K•LS•B•E•T. The selection of 15 watersheds was based on the layout of sampling survey in pan-third polar region. 3) Compared with the data of soil erosion intensity in the same region in the same year, there is no significant difference and the data quality is good.4) the data of soil erosion modulus is of great significance for studying the present situation of soil erosion in Pan third polar region, and it is also crucial for the implementation of the development policy of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

0 2020-06-11

Dataset of soil water erosion modulus with 2.5 m resolution in 17 watersheds of Kazakhstan(2019)

1) The data includes the soil erosion modulus of 17 watersheds with a resolution of 2.5 m in the year of 2019 in Kazakhstan. 2)Based on the surface layer of rainfall erosivity R, soil erodibility K, slope length factor LS, vegetation coverage FVC, and rotation sampling survey unit, the Chinese soil erosion model (CSLE) was used to calculate soil erosin modulus in 17 watersheds respectively. Through spatial data processing (including chart linking and transformation, vector-grid conversion, and resampling), R, K, LS factors were calculated from the regional thematic map of rainfall erosivity, soil erodibility, and DEM. By half-month FVC, NPV, half-month rainfall erosivity data, we calculated the value of B factors in each sampling watershed. The value of E factor was calculated based on the remote sensing interpretation result and engineering measure factor table. The value of tillage factor T was obtained from tillage zoning map and tillage measure table. And then the soil erosion modulus in each sampling watershed was calculated by the equation: A=R•K•LS•B•E•T. The selection of 17 watersheds was based on the layout of sampling survey in pan-third polar region. 3) Compared with the data of soil erosion intensity in the same region in the same year, there is no significant difference and the data quality is good.4) the data of soil erosion modulus is of great significance for studying the present situation of soil erosion in Pan third polar region, and it is also crucial for the implementation of the development policy of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road.

0 2020-06-11

A China Dataset of soil hydraulic parameters pedotransfer functions for land surface modeling (1980)

This data uses soil conversion functions to take sand, silt, clay, organic matter, and bulk density as inputs to estimate soil hydrological parameters, including parameters of the Clapp and Hornberger function and van Genuchten and Mualem function, field water holding capacity, and withering coefficient. Median and coefficient of variation (CV) provide estimates. The data set is in a raster format with a resolution of 30 arc seconds, and the soil is layered vertically into 7 layers with a maximum thickness of 1.38 meters (ie 0-0.045, 0.045--0.091, 0.091--0.166, 0.166--0.289, 0.289-- 0.493, 0.493--0.829, 0.829--1.383 meters). The data is stored in NetCDF format. The data file name and its description are as follows: 1. THSCH.nc: Saturated water content of FCH 2. PSI_S.nc: Saturated capillary potential of FCH 3. LAMBDA.nc: Pore size distribution index of FCH 4. K_SCH.nc: Saturate hydraulic conductivity of FCH 5. THR.nc: Residual moisture content of FGM 6. THSGM.nc: Saturated water content of FGM 7. ALPHA.nc: The inverse of the air-entry value of FGM 8. N.nc: The shape parameter of FGM 9. L.nc: The pore-connectivity parameter of FGM 10. K_SVG.nc: Saturated hydraulic conductivity of FGM 11. TH33.nc: Water content at -33 kPa of suction pressure, or field capacity 12. TH1500.nc: Water content at -1500 kPa of suction pressure, or permanent wilting point

0 2020-06-08

A China dataset of soil properties for land surface modeling

The source data of this data set are 1:1 million Chinese soil maps and 8,595 soil profiles from the second soil census.The data include section depth, soil thickness, sand, silt, clay, gravel, bulk density, porosity, soil structure, soil color, pH value, organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, exchangeable cation amount, exchangeable hydrogen, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium ion and root amount.The dataset also provides data quality control information. The data is in raster format with a spatial resolution of 30 arc seconds.To facilitate the use of CLM model, soil data is divided into 8 layers, with the maximum depth of 2.3 meters (i.e. 0- 0.045, 0.045- 0.091, 0.091- 0.166, 0.166- 0.289, 0.289- 0.493, 0.493- 0.829, 0.829- 1.383 and 1.383- 2.296 m) Data file description: 1 Soil profile depth PDEP.nc 2 Soil layer depth "LDEP.nc LNUM.nc" 3 pH Value (H2O) PH.nc 4 Soil Organic Matter SOM.nc 5 Total N TN.nc 6 Total P TP.nc 7 Total K TK.nc 8 Alkali-hydrolysable N AN.nc 9 Available P AP.nc 10 Available K AK.nc 11 Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) CEC.nc 12 Exchangeable H+ H.nc 13 Exchangeable Al3+ AL.nc 14 Exchangeable Ca2+ CA.nc 15 Exchangeable Mg2+ MG.nc 16 Exchangeable K+ K.nc 17 Exchangeable Na+ NA.nc 18 Particle-Size Distribution Sand SA.nc Silt SI.nc Clay CL.nc 19 Rock fragment GRAV.nc 20 Bulk Density BD.nc 21 Porosity POR.nc 22 Color (water condition unclear) Hue Unh.nc Value Chroma Unc.nc 23 Dry Color Hue Dh.nc Value Chroma Dc.nc 24 Wet Color Hue Wh.nc Value Chroma Wc.nc 25 Dominant and Second Structure S1.nc SW1.nc RS.nc 26 Dominant and Second Consistency C1.nc CW1.nc RC.nc 27 Root Abundance Description R.nc

0 2020-06-08