Daily cloudless MODIS Snow area ratio data set of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau (2000-2015)

The daily cloudless MODIS Snow area ratio data set (2000-2015) of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau is based on MODIS daily snow product - mod10a1, which is obtained by using a cloud removal algorithm based on cubic spline interpolation. The data set is projected by UTM with spatial resolution of 500m, providing daily snow cover FSC results in the Tibetan Plateau. The data set is a day-to-day document, from 24 February 2000 to 31 December 2015. Each file is the result of snow area proportion on that day, the value is 0-100%, which is envi standard file, the naming rule is: yyyddd_fsc_0.5km.img, where yyyy represents the year, DDD represents Julian day (001-365 / 366). Files can be opened and viewed directly with envi or ArcMap. The original MODIS Snow data product for cloud removal comes from the mod10a1 product processed by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). This data set is in the format of HDF and uses the sinusional projection. The attributes of the daily cloudless MODIS Snow area ratio data set (2000-2015) on the Qinghai Tibet Plateau consist of the spatial-temporal resolution, projection information and data format of the data set. Temporal and spatial resolution: the temporal resolution is day by day, the spatial resolution is 500m, the longitude range is 72.8 ° ~ 106.3 ° e, and the latitude is 25.0 ° ~ 40.9 ° n. Projection information: UTM projection. Data format: envi standard format. File naming rules: "yyyyddd" + ". Img", where yyyy stands for year, DDD stands for Julian day (001-365 / 366), and ". Img" is the file suffix added for easy viewing in ArcMap and other software. For example, 2000055 ﹐ FSC ﹐ 0.5km.img represents the result on the 55th day of 2000. The envi file of this data set is composed of header file and body content. The header file includes row number, column number, band number, file type, data type, data record format, projection information, etc.; take 2000055 ﹣ FSC ﹣ 0.5km.img file as an example, the header file information is as follows: ENVI Description = {envi file, created [sat APR 27 18:40:03 2013]} Samples = 5760 Lines = 3300 Bands = 1 Header offset = 0 File type = envi standard Data type = 1: represents byte type Interleave = BSQ: data record format is BSQ Sensor type = unknown Byte order = 0 Map Info = {UTM, 1.500, 1.500, - 711320.359, 4526650.881, 5.0000000000e + 002, 5.0000000000e + 002, 45, north, WGS-84, units = meters} Coordinate system string = {projcs ["UTM [u zone [45N], geocs [" GCS [WGS [1984], data ["d [WGS [1984", organization ID ["WGS [1984", 6378137.0298.257223563]], prime ["Greenwich", 0.0], unit ["degree", 0.01745532925199433]]] project ["transfer [Mercator"]] parameter ["false [easting", 500000.0], parameter ["false [easting", 500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [false [false [easting ", 500000.0], parameter], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [false [easting", 500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter [500000.0], parameter ["false_northing", 0.0], parameter ["central_meridian", 87.0], parameter ["scale" _Factor ", 0.9996], parameter [" latitude ﹣ of ﹣ origin ", 0.0], unit [" meter ", 1.0]]} Wavelength units = unknown, band names = {2000055}

0 2019-10-24

The lakes larger than 1k㎡ in Tibetan Plateau (V1.0) (1970s, 1990, 2000, 2010)

The dataset includes vector map of the lakes larger than 1k㎡ on Tibetan Plateau in 1970s, 1990, 2000, 2010. The lake boundry data was extracted from remote sensing image like Landsat MSS, TM, ETM+, by means of visual interpretation. The data type is vector data, and it's attribute class includes Area (km²). The Projected Coordinate System is Albers Conical Equal Area. It is mainly used in the study of changes in lakes, hydrological and meteorological on the Tibetan Plateau.

0 2019-09-15

The dataset of all the lakes on the Tibetan Plateau (2000)

The data set contains vector data of 32,840 lakes which can be recognized in the remote sensing image on the Tibetan plateau in 2000. The data was obstracted by visual interpretation from GeoCover Landsat Mosaic 2000 image data with a spatial resolution of 14.25 m. The data format is vector data, and the projection coordinate system is Albers Conical Equal Area. The data property fields are as follows: Area: lake Area (km); X: lake center longitude (°); Y: lake center latitude (°); Perimeter: the Perimeter of a lake (km).

0 2019-09-15

The meteorological forcing dataset in Three-River Headwater Region (1979-2016)

This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source area of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.

0 2019-09-15

Dataset of oxygen isotope and major ions from Geladaindong ice core (Version 1.0) (1477-1982)

Geladaindong ice core records could provide a unique opportunity for studying climatic and environmental changes in the central TP. Based on a 147 m deep ice core drilled by the Sino-US Cooperation Expedition in 2005 at Mt. Geladaindong, we analyzed oxygen and major ion by using MAT253 isotope mass spectrometer and Ion Chromatograph. Multiparametric dating approach is adopted to establish an accurate chronology. Glaciochemical records were reconstructed to reveal the annual climatic and environmental changes during the period of 1477~1982 AD.

0 2019-09-15

Dataset of town boundary in Sanjiangyuan region National Park (2015)

This dataset is the spatial distribution map of the marshes in the source area of the Yellow River near the Zaling Lake-Eling Lake, covering an area of about 21,000 square kilometers. The data set is classified by the Landsat 8 image through an expert decision tree and corrected by manual visual interpretation. The spatial resolution of the image is 30m, using the WGS 1984 UTM projected coordinate system, and the data format is grid format. The image is divided into five types of land, the land type 1 is “water body”, the land type 2 is “high-cover vegetation”, the land type 3 is “naked land”, and the land type 4 is “low-cover vegetation”, and the land type 5 is For "marsh", low-coverage vegetation and high-coverage vegetation are distinguished by vegetation coverage. The threshold is 0.1 to 0.4 for low-cover vegetation and 0.4 to 1 for high-cover vegetation.

0 2019-09-15

Dataset of above ground biomass in Sanjiangyuan region (2000, 2010, 2015 )

The method of aboveground biomass of grassland is zonal classification model. The data years were 2000, 2010 and 2015, and the fresh vegetation weight was based on the first ten days of August. Above-ground biomass is defined as the total amount of organic matter of vegetation living above the ground in a unit area. Unit: g/m². This data set is calculated from a statistical model based on the MODIS vegetation index by the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The spatial resolution is 250 m x 250 m. The data set is an important data source for vegetation monitoring in Three River Source National Park. Projection information: Albers isoconic projection Central meridian: 105 degrees First secant: 25 degrees First secant: 47 degrees West deviation of coordinates: 4000000 meters

0 2019-09-15

Dataset of net primary productivity in Sanjiangyuan region (2000-2015)

Monthly meteorological data of Sanjiangyuan includes 32 national standard meteorological stations. There are 26 variables: average local pressure, extreme maximum local pressure, date of extreme maximum local pressure, extreme minimum local pressure, date of extreme minimum local pressure, average temperature, extreme maximum temperature, date of extreme maximum temperature, extreme minimum temperature and date of extreme minimum temperature, average temperature anomaly, average maximum temperature, average minimum temperature, sunshine hours, percentage of sunshine, average relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, date of occurrence of minimum relative humidity, precipitation, days of daily precipitation >=0.1mm, maximum daily precipitation, date of maximum daily precipitation, percentage of precipitation anomaly, average wind speed, maximum wind speed, date of maximum wind speed, maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed, wind direction of maximum wind speed and occurrence date of maximum wind speed. The data format is txt, named by the site ID, and each file has 26 columns. The names and units of each column are explained in the SURF_CLI_CHN_MUL_MON_readme.txt file. Projection information: Albers isoconic projection Central meridian: 105 degrees First secant: 25 degrees First secant: 47 degrees West deviation of coordinates: 4000000 meters

0 2019-09-15

Atmospheric heat source/sink dataset over the Tibetan Plateau based on satellite and routine meteorological observations (1984-2015)

The Tibetan Plateau (TP), acting as a large elevated land surface and atmospheric heat source during spring and summer, has a substantial impact on regional and global weather and climate. To explore the multi-scale temporal variation in the thermal forcing effect of the TP,The data set of atmospheric heat source/sink in Tibetan Plateau was prepared as a quantitative analysis tool for calculating heat budget of gas column. the atmospheric heat source/sink dataset consists of three variables: surface sensible heat flux SH, latent heat release LH and net radiation flux RC. here we calculated the surface sensible heat and latent heat release based on 6-h routine observations at 80 (32) meteorological stations during the period 1979–2016:air temperature at 1.5 m and surface temperature and wind speed at 10 m are used to calculate surface sensible heat flux,the latent heat release is estimated precipitation data.The satellite datasets used to calculate the net radiation flux were the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment surface radiation budget satellite radiation(GEWEX/SRB) and Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy Systems/Energy Balanced And Filled (CERES/EBAF). The monthly shortwave and longwave radiation fluxes at the surface and at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) in GEWEX/SRB and CERES/EBAF were utilized to obtain the net radiation flux for the period 1984–2015 via statistical methods。

0 2019-09-14