Land use/land cover dataset of Zhangye city in 2005

This data set comes from the Land use data of Zhangye city in 2005 completed by YAN Changzhen and others from Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences. The data was generated by manual interpretation based on Landsat TM and ETM remote sensing data around 2005. This data uses a hierarchical land cover classification system. There are six first-class classifications (cultivated land, woodland, grassland, waters, urban and rural areas, industrial and mining, residential land and unused land), and 25 second-class classifications covering five counties and one district of Zhangye City, Gansu Province. The land use classification criteria used by the Chinese Academy of Sciences since 1986 are adopted in this data. The data type is vector polygon, stored in Shape format, and the data range covers Zhangye City.

0 2020-03-31

The HWSD soil texture dataset of the Heihe River Basin (2009)

The data comes from the Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD) constructed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and International Institute for Applied System Analysis in Vienna (IIASA), which released version 1.1 on March 26, 2009. The data resolution is 1 km. The data source in China is 1: 1 million soil data. The soil classification system used is mainly FAO-90. The main fields of the soil property sheet include: SU_SYM90 (name of soil in FAO90 soil classification system) SU_SYM85 (FAO85 classification) T_TEXTURE (top soil texture) DRAINAGE (19.5); ROOTS: String (depth classification to the bottom of the soil with obstacles); SWR: String (characteristics of soil water content); ADD_PROP: Real (specific soil type in the soil unit related to agricultural use); T_GRAVEL: Real (gravel volume percentage); T_SAND: Real (sand content); T_SILT: Real (silt content); T_CLAY: Real (clay content); T_USDA_TEX: Real (USDA Soil Texture Classification); T_REF_BULK: Real (soil bulk density); T_OC: Real (organic carbon content); T_PH_H2O: Real (pH) T_CEC_CLAY: Real (cation exchange capacity of the sticky layer soil); T_CEC_SOIL: Real (soil cation exchange capacity) T_BS: Real (basic saturation); T_TEB: Real (exchangeable base); T_CACO3: Real (carbonate or lime content) T_CASO4: Real (sulfate content); T_ESP: Real (exchangeable sodium salt); T_ECE: Real (conductivity). The attribute field at the beginning of T_ indicates the upper soil attribute (0-30 cm), and the attribute field at the beginning of S_ indicates the lower layer soil attribute (30-100 cm) (FAO 2009). This data provides model input parameters for Earth system modelers, and in agricultural perspective, it can be used to study eco-agricultural divisions, food security, and climate change.

0 2020-03-31

1:100000 topographic index of the Heihe River Basin

The “Eco-Hydro Integrated Atlas of Heihe River Basin” is supported by the Synthetic Research on the Eco-hydrological Process of the Heihe River Basin– a key project to provide data collation and service for the Heihe River Basin eco-hydrological process integration study. This atlas will provide researchers with a comprehensive and detailed introduction to the Heihe River Basin background and basic data sets. The 1:100,000 topographic framing index of the Heihe River Basin is one of the basic geographs of the atlas, with a scale of 1:2500000, Lambert conformal conic projection, and a standard latitude: north latitude 25 47 . Data source: 1:100000 topographic map index data, Heihe River boundary.

0 2020-03-31

The annual ecological investigation data of desert vegetation with different desert types in the Heihe River Basin (2012)

The year-end ecological investigation was conducted in the late September and early October when plants stopped growing. There are 8 investigation and observation fields, they are: piedmont desert, piedmont Gobi, desert in the middle, Gobi in the middle reaches, desert in the middle reaches, downstream desert, downstream Gobi, and downstream desert, the size of each filed is 40m×40m. Three large quadrats of 20m×20m were selected in each observation field, named S1, S2, and S3, to conduce the regular shrub investigation; four small quadrats were selected from each large quadrat with a size of 5m×5m, named A, B, C, D, to conduct herbal investigation.

0 2020-03-31

Micro meteorological data of drainage ditch in Heihe River Basin (2011-2012)

The micro-meteorological field is located in the grassland of Pailugou watershed of Qilian Mountain with an altitude of 2700m. The data were recorded from January 2011 to July 2012, and the time interval was half an hour, including 1.5m humidity, 3m temperature, 2.8m air pressure, 1.3m rainfall, 2.2m wind speed, 3.1m total radiation, the units are %, °C, Pa, m, m/s, W•M-2.

0 2020-03-31

Precipitation during the growing season in Pailougou watershed (2011-2013)

Precipitation is one of the elements of meteorological monitoring and a measurement basis of regional precipitation. Precipitation is the only source of water for plants’ survival in mountain areas. Therefore, precipitation is the main link of the forest hydrological cycle. This data only provides precipitation of the Pailugou watershed during the growing season.

0 2020-03-31

Surface runoff data of Pailougou Watershed recorded by measuring weir

The runoff record of Pailugou watershed in the upper reaches of Heihe River, dated from January 2011 to September 2012. The data measuring device is the measuring weir at the exit of the small watershed, the unit of the data is m³/day.

0 2020-03-31

Plant samples in the arid areas in the middle-lower of Heihe River Basin (2012-2013)

The sampling and distribution of plant materials in the arid regions of the middle and lower reaches of Heihe River Basin. The plants are mainly shrubs and a few herbs. The numbering of plant materials is consistent with the morphological structural characteristics analysis table and is used in correspondence with each other.

0 2020-03-31

The micro-meterological data at 3200m high altitude in Pailougou watershed

The meteorological field is located at 3200m above sea level in Pailugou watershed of Qilian Mountain, which belongs to the high mountain forest line zone, the ecotone of Picea crassifolia forest and alpine shrub. This data set includes precipitation, air temperature, radiation, wind speed, etc., with units are mm, ℃, W/m^2 and m/s respectively. The date of data recording is from June 2012 to October 2013, in which the temperature data is partially missing due to the instrument.

0 2020-03-31

The herdsman family economic activities,characteristics and main differentiation characteristics of animal husbandry in the Heihe River Basin

This data includes animal products and labor prices; economic income structure, level and per capita net income; economic expenditure structure, productive and living expenditure structure; population composition, labor and household head age and education level; pasture area, grade, suitable stocking capacity; , livestock sheds, human and animal drinking water, pastoral roads, fence construction scale; maintenance scale, and livestock structure.

0 2020-03-31