Data on natural disasters in 65 countries along the along the Belt and Road (1900-2018)

"Disaster data for countries along the belt and road, mainly from the global disaster database.The records information of disaster database are from the United Nations, government and non-governmental organizations, research institutions and the media. It's documented in detail such as the country where the disaster occurred, the type of disaster, the date of the disaster, the number of deaths and the estimated economic losses. This study extracts the natural disaster records of the countries along the One Belt And One Road line one by one from the database, and finally forms the disaster database of 9 major disasters of the 65 countries.

The natural disaster records collected can be roughly divided into nine categories, including: floods, landslides, extreme temperatures, storms, droughts, forest fires, earthquakes, mass movements and volcanic activities.

From 1900 to 2018, a total of 5,479 disaster records were recorded in countries along the One Belt And One Road. From 2000 to 2015, there were 2,673 disaster records. On this basis, the natural disasters of the countries along the belt and road are investigated from four aspects, including disaster frequency, death toll, disaster-affected population and economic loss assessment. Overall, since 1900, a total of 5479 natural disasters have occurred in countries along the One Belt And One Road, resulting in about 19 million deaths and economic losses of about 950 billion us dollars. Among them, the most frequent occurrence is flood and storm; the biggest economic losses are floods and earthquakes; the most affected people are flood and drought; drought and flooding are the leading causes of death

Data file naming and use method

In .excel format, can be opened and analysed in Microsoft EXCEL software.

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YIN Jun. Data on natural disasters in 65 countries along the along the Belt and Road (1900-2018). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, 2019. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

References literature

1.The Emergency Events Database - Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) - CRED,, Brussels, Belgium. (View Details )

Support Program

Pan-Third Pole Environment Study for a Green Silk Road-A CAS Strategic Priority A Program (No:XDA20000000)

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Geographic coverage
East: 121.00 West: 4.00
South: 6.00 North: 56.00
  • Temporal resolution: Yearly
  • Spatial resolution: <= 1 m
  • File size: 1 MB
  • Browse count: 102 Times
  • Apply count: 0 Times
  • Share mode: online
  • Temporal coverage: 1900-01-01 To 2018-12-31
  • Updated time: 2019-02-07
Contact Information
: YIN Jun  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center


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