HiWATER: Dataset of hydro-meteorological observation network (automatic weather station of Dashalong station, 2016)


halong Beach area on the west side of Qilian County, Qinghai Province. The underlying surface is swamp meadow. The latitude and longitude of the observation point is 98.9406E, 38.8399N, and the altitude is 3739m. The air temperature and relative humidity sensors are erected 5 meters above the ground, facing North; the barometer is installed in the pick-proof box on the ground; the tipping bucket rain gauge is erected 10 meters above the ground; the wind speed and direction sensor is set 10 meters above the ground, facing North; the four-component radiometer is installed 6 meters above the ground, facing South; two infrared thermometers are installed 6 meters above the ground, facing South, and the probe orientation is vertical downward; the soil temperature probes are buried respectively at 0cm on the ground surface, 4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm and 160cm under the ground, they are located 2 meters from the meteorological tower in the South; the soil moisture sensors are buried 4cm、10cm、20cm、40cm、80cm、120cm and 160cm under the ground, 2 meters from the meteorological tower in the South; the soil heat flow boards (3 pieces) are buried 6cm under the ground, 2 meters from the meteorological tower in the South.

Observed items include: air temperature and humidity (Ta_5m, RH_5m) (unit: Celsius, percentage), air pressure (Press) (unit: hectopascal), precipitation (Rain) (unit: mm), wind speed (WS_10m) (unit: meter / sec), wind direction (WD_10m) (unit: degree), four-component radiation (DR, UR, DLR_Cor, ULR_Cor, Rn) (unit: watt / square meter), surface radiation temperature (IRT_1, IRT_2) (unit: Celsius) , soil heat flux (Gs_1, Gs_2, Gs_3) (unit: watt / square meter), soil temperature (Ts_0cm, Ts_4cm, Ts_10cm, Ts_20cm, Ts_40cm, Ts_80cm, Ts_120cm, Ts_160cm) (unit: Celsius), soil moisture (Ms_4cm , Ms_10cm, Ms_20cm, Ms_40cm, Ms_80cm, Ms_120cm, Ms_160cm) (unit: volumetric water content, percentage).

Processing and quality control of observation data: (1) Ensure 144 data per day (every 10 minutes), if there is missing data, it is marked as -6999. (2) Eliminate moments with duplicate records; (3) Remove data that is significantly beyond physical meaning or beyond the measuring range of the instrument; (4) Data marked by red is debatable; (5) The formats of the date and time are uniform, and the date and time are in the same column. For example, the time is: 2016-9-10 10:30; (6) The naming rule is: AWS + site name.

For hydro-meteorological network or site information, please refer to Li et al. (2013). For observation data processing, please refer to Liu et al. (2011).


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Citations

1. Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Wang, W.Z., Bai, J., Jia, Z., Zhu, M., & Wang, J.M. (2011). A comparison of eddy-covariance and large aperture scintillometer measurements with respect to the energy balance closure problem. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(4), 1291-1306. doi:10.5194/hess-15-1291-2011.( View Details | Bibtex)

Cite the data

LIU Shaomin, TAN Junlei. HiWATER: Dataset of hydro-meteorological observation network (automatic weather station of Dashalong station, 2016). National Tibetan Plateau Data Center, 2017. doi: 10.3972/hiwater.456.2017.db. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Using this data, you must reference article references listed in the Required Data Citation and reference data


References literature

1.Li, X., Liu, S.M., Xiao, Q., Ma, M.G., Jin, R., Che, T., Wang, W.Z., Hu, X.L., Xu, Z.W., Wen, J.G., & Wang, L.X. (2017). A multiscale dataset for understanding complex eco-hydrological processes in a heterogeneous oasis system. Scientific Data, 4, 170083. doi:10.1038/sdata.2017.83. (View Details | Download )

2.Song, L.S., Liu, S.M., William Kustas P, Zhou, J., Ma, Y.F. (2015). Using the Surface Temperature-Albedo Space to Separate Regional Soil and Vegetation Temperatures from ASTER Data. Remote Sensing, 7(5), 5828-5848. doi:10.3390/rs70505828. (View Details )

3.Li, X., Cheng, G.D., Liu, S.M., Xiao, Q., Ma, M.G., Jin, R., Che, T., Liu, Q.H., Wang, W.Z., Qi, Y., Wen, J.G., Li, H.Y., Zhu, G.F., Guo, J.W., Ran, Y.H., Wang, S.G., Zhu, Z.L., Zhou, J., Hu, X.L., & Xu, Z.W. (2013). Heihe watershed allied telemetry experimental research (hiwater): scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(8), 1145-1160. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1. (View Details )

4.Zhou, J., Li, M.S., Liu, S.M., Jia, Z.Z., Ma, Y.F. (2015). Validation and performance evaluations of methods for estimating land surface temperatures from ASTER data in the middle reach of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China. Remote Sensing, 7, 7126-7156. (View Details )

5.Li, X., Liu, S.M., Ma, M.G., Xiao, Q., Liu, Q.H., & Jin, R., et al. (2012). (2012). Hiwater:an integrated remote sensing experiment on hydrological and ecological processes in the heihe river basin. Advances in Earth Science, 27(5), 481-498. (View Details | Download )

6.Hu, M.G., Wang, J.H., Ge, Y., Liu, M.X., Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Xu, T.R. (2015). Scaling Flux Tower Observations of Sensible Heat Flux Using Weighted Area-to-Area Regression Kriging. Atmosphere, 6(8), 1032-1044. (View Details )

7.Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Zhu, Z.L., Jia, Z.Z., & Zhu, M.J. (2013). Measurements of evapotranspiration from eddy-covariance systems and large aperture scintillometers in the Hai River Basin, China. Journal of Hydrology, 487, 24-38. (View Details )

8.Gao, S.G., Zhu, Z.L., Liu, S.M., Jin, R., Yang, G.C., Tan, L. (2014). Estimating spatial distribution of soil moisture based on Bayesian maximum entropy method with auxiliary data from remote sensing. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 32, 54-66. doi:10.1016/j.jag.2014.03.003. (View Details )

9.Xu, T.R., Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W., Liang, S.L., Xu, L. (2015). A dual-pass data assimilation scheme for estimating surface fluxes with FY3A-VIRR land surface temperature. Sci. China Earth Sci., 58(2), 211-230, doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4964-7. (View Details )

10.Li, Y., Sun, R., Liu, S.M. (2014). Vegetation Physiological Parameters Setting in the Simple Biosphere Model 2 (SiB2) for alpine meadows in upper reaches of Heihe River. SCIENCE CHINA, doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4909-1. (View Details )

11.Liu, S.M., Xu, Z.W,, Song, L.S., Zhao, Q.Y., Ge, Y., Xu, T.R., Ma, Y.F., Zhu, Z.L., Jia, Z.Z., & Zhang, F. (2016). Upscaling evapotranspiration measurements from multi-site to the satellite pixel scale over heterogeneous land surfaces. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 230-231, 97-113. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.04.008. (View Details )

12.Xu, T., Liu, S., Xu, L., Chen, Y., Jia, Z., Xu, Z., Nielson, J. (2015). Temporal Upscaling and Reconstruction of Thermal Remotely Sensed Instantaneous Evapotranspiration. Remote Sensing. 7(3), 3400-3425. doi:10.3390/rs70303400. (View Details )


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Keywords
Geographic coverage
Spatial coverage

East: 98.94

South: 38.84

West: 98.94

North: 38.84

Detail
  • File size: 11 MB
  • Browse count: 5,075 Times
  • Apply count: 43 Times
  • Share mode: offline
  • Temporal coverage: 2016-01-01 To 2016-12-31
  • Updated time: 2019-08-09
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Contact Information
: LIU Shaomin   LI Xin   CHE Tao   ZHANG Yang   TAN Junlei   SHI Shengjin  

Distributor: National Tibetan Plateau Data Center

Email: data@itpcas.ac.cn

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